Jefferson County, Mississippi Genealogy

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Guide to Jefferson County, Mississippi ancestry, genealogy and family history, birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.

County Facts
County seat: Fayette
Organized: 2 April 1799
Parent County(s): Natchez District[1]
Neighboring Counties
Adams  • Claiborne  • Copiah  • Franklin  • Lincoln  • Tensas (LA)
See County Maps
Courthouse
MississippiJeffersonCourthouse.jpg
Location Map
Map of Mississippi highlighting Jefferson County.svg.png
Adoption
Thomas Jefferson

County Information[edit | edit source]

Description[edit | edit source]

This county was named for the Thomas Jefferson. Jefferson County is located in the southwest area of the state.[2]

County Courthouse[edit | edit source]

Jefferson County, Courthouse
307 Main Street
PO Box 145
Fayette, MS 39069
Phone: 601-786-3021
Jefferson County Website

Clerk Chancery Court has marriage records from 1798, court records from 1860, probate and land records from 1798.[3]

Jefferson County, Mississippi Record Dates[edit | edit source]

Information for this chart was taken from various sources, often containing conflicting dates. This information should be taken as a guide and should be verified by contacting the county and/or the state government agency.

Known Beginning Dates for Major County Records[4]
Birth* Marriage Death* Court Land Probate Census
1 Nov 1912 1798 1 Nov 1912 1802 1798 1798 1810
Statewide registration started in Nov 1912 for births and deaths. General compliance by 1921.

Record Loss[edit | edit source]

1900, 1904 Some records were lost.

For suggestions about research in places that suffered historic record losses, see:

Boundary Changes[edit | edit source]

  • 1799 Jefferson County was created 2 April 1799 from the Natchez District. Jefferson County was named Pickering until 1802.
  • County seat: Fayette[5]

For animated maps illustrating Mississippi county boundary changes, "Rotating Formation Mississippi County Boundary Maps" (1785-1918) may be viewed for free at the MapofUS.org website.

Populated Places[edit | edit source]

For a complete list of populated places, including small neighborhoods and suburbs, visit Hometown Locator. The following are the most historically and genealogically relevant populated places in this county:[6]

Cities
Unincorporated communities
Ghost towns


History Timeline[edit | edit source]

Resources[edit | edit source]

Bible Records[edit | edit source]

Biographies[edit | edit source]

Business, Commerce, and Occupations[edit | edit source]

Cemeteries[edit | edit source]

Cemeteries of Jefferson County, Mississippi online and in print
Tombstone Transcriptions Online
Tombstone Transcriptions in Print (Often more complete)
List of Cemeteries in the County
See Mississippi Cemeteries for more information

 

Census Records[edit | edit source]

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1800 2,940
1810 4,001 36.1%
1820 6,822 70.5%
1830 9,755 43.0%
1840 11,650 19.4%
1850 13,193 13.2%
1860 15,349 16.3%
1870 13,848 −9.8%
1880 17,314 25.0%
1890 18,947 9.4%
1900 21,292 12.4%
1910 18,221 −14.4%
1920 15,946 −12.5%
1930 14,291 −10.4%
1940 13,969 −2.3%
1950 11,306 −19.1%
1960 10,142 −10.3%
1970 9,295 −8.4%
1980 9,181 −1.2%
1990 8,653 −5.8%
2000 9,740 12.6%
2010 7,726 −20.7%
Source: "Wikipedia.org".

For tips on accessing Jefferson County census records online, see: Mississippi Census.

Church Records[edit | edit source]

Church records and the information they provide vary significantly depending on the denomination and the record keeper. They may contain information about members of the congregation, such as age, date of baptism, christening, or birth; marriage information and maiden names; and death date. For general information about Mississippi denominations, view the Mississippi Church Records wiki page.
List of Churches and Church Parishes

Court Records[edit | edit source]

Directories[edit | edit source]

Emigration and Immigration[edit | edit source]

Ethnic, Political, and Religious Groups[edit | edit source]

Funeral Homes[edit | edit source]

Genealogies[edit | edit source]

Guardianship[edit | edit source]

Land and Property Records[edit | edit source]

Land and property records can place an ancestor in a particular location, provide economic information, and reveal family relationships. Land records include: deeds, abstracts and indexes, mortgages, leases, grants and land patents.

See Mississippi Land and Property for additional information about early Mississippi land ownership. After land was transferred to private ownership, subsequent transactions were usually recorded at the county courthouse and where records are currently housed.

Local Histories[edit | edit source]

Local histories are available for Jefferson County. County histories may include biographies, church, school and government history, and military information. For more information about local histories see the wiki page section Mississippi Local Histories.

Maps and Gazetteers[edit | edit source]

Claiborne CountyCopiah CountyLincoln CountyFranklin CountyAdams CountyTensas ParishConcordia ParishMS JEFFERSON.PNG
Click a neighboring county
for more resources


Migration[edit | edit source]

Military Records[edit | edit source]

Civil War

Regiments. Men in Jefferson County served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Listed below are companies that were specifically formed in Jefferson County:

- 1st Regiment, Mississippi Light Artillery
Company K - Abbay’s Battery
- 4th Regiment, Mississippi Cavalry
Company H - Whitney’s Company
- 12th Regiment, Mississippi Infantry
Company A - Charlie Clark Rifles (also listed as Co. H)

World War I

Naturalization and Citizenship[edit | edit source]

Newspapers[edit | edit source]

Obituaries[edit | edit source]

Other Records[edit | edit source]

Periodicals[edit | edit source]

Probate Records[edit | edit source]

Probate records are held by the Jefferson County, Mississippi Genealogy Clerk of Court and are housed at the Jefferson County, Mississippi Genealogy Courthouse. Microfilmed records can be found online at Mississippi Probate Records, 1781-1930. See the wiki page Mississippi Probate Records for information about how to use probate records.

Content: Probate Records may give the decedent's date of death, names of his or her spouse, children, parents, siblings, in-laws, neighbors, associates, relatives, and their place of residence.

Record types: Wills, estates, guardianships, naturalizations, and adoptions.

Online Records

School Records[edit | edit source]

Tax Records[edit | edit source]

Mississippi tax records replace missing censuses and provide lists of residents during years between censuses. There may be gaps of several years. For more information, see Mississippi Taxation.

Vital Records[edit | edit source]

Vital Records consist of births, adoptions, marriages, divorces, and deaths recorded on registers, certificates, and documents. Mississippi law did not require keeping birth or death records until 1912. Births and deaths are kept by the Mississippi Bureau of Vital Statistics. Marriage records are kept by the county. See also How to order Mississippi Vital Records or order electronically online.

See Mississippi Vital Records for more information on getting Mississippi records.

Birth[edit | edit source]

Marriage[edit | edit source]

Death[edit | edit source]

Divorce[edit | edit source]

Research Facilities[edit | edit source]

Archives[edit | edit source]

Family History Centers[edit | edit source]

Family History Centers provide one-on-one assistance and free access to premium genealogical websites. In addition, many centers have free how-to genealogy classes.

Libraries[edit | edit source]

Museums[edit | edit source]

Societies[edit | edit source]

  • Claiborne - Jefferson County Genealogical Society
    P.O. Box 1017
    Port Gibson, MS 39150

Websites[edit | edit source]

Research Guides[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Mississippi.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  2. Wikipedia contributors, "Jefferson, Mississippi," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia, "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jefferson_County,_Mississippi."
  3. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Mississippi.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  4. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Jefferson County, Mississippi . Page 378-384 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002; Alice Eichholz, ed. Ancestry’s Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources, Third ed. (Provo, Utah: Ancestry, 2004), 379-381.
  5. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Mississippi.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  6. Wikipedia contributors, "Jefferson County, Mississippi," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jefferson_County,_Mississippi, Last accessed 17 September 2019.