Jefferson County, Kansas Genealogy

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United States
Kansas
Jefferson County

Guide to Jefferson County, Kansas ancestry, genealogy and family history, birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.

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County Facts
County seat: Oskaloosa
Organized: August 30, 1855
Parent County(s): Original county[1]
Neighboring Counties
Atchison  • Douglas  • Jackson  • Leavenworth  • Shawnee
See County Maps
Courthouse
KansasJeffersonCourthouse.jpg
Location Map
200px-Map of Kansas highlighting Jefferson County svg.bmp
Adoption

County Information

Description

The County was named for President Thomas Jefferson. The County has Oskaloosa as its seat and the County was created August 25, 1855. The County is located in the northeast area of the state.[2]

County Courthouse

Jefferson County Courthouse
300 W. Jefferson Street
P.O. Box 321
Oskaloosa, Kansas 66066-0321
Phone: 785.863.2272
Jefferson County Website

Probate Judge has marriage and probate records.
Clerk District Court has divorce records.
Register of Deeds has land records. [3]

Jefferson County, Kansas Record Dates

Information for this chart was taken from various sources, often containing conflicting dates. This information should be taken as a guide and should be verified by contacting the county and/or the state government agency.

Known Beginning Dates for Major Records[4]
Birth* Marriage Death* Court Land Probate Census
1892 1885 1892 1858 1854 1858 1855
Statewide registration for births and deaths started in 1911. General compliance by 1917.[5]

Record Loss

There is no known history of courthouse disasters in this county.

Boundary Changes

Populated Places

The following are locations in Jefferson County, Kansas:[7]

Cities
Unincorporated communites
Census-designated places
Townships


History Timeline

Resources

Bible Records

Biographies

Business, Commerce, and Occupations

Cemeteries

Cemeteries of Jefferson County, Kansas online and in print
Tombstone Transcriptions Online
Tombstone Transcriptions in Print (Often more complete)
List of Cemeteries in the County
See Kansas Cemeteries for more information

Census Records

Historical populations
Census Pop.  %±
1860 4,459
1870 12,526 180.9%
1880 15,563 24.2%
1890 16,620 6.8%
1900 17,533 5.5%
1910 15,826 −9.7%
1920 14,750 −6.8%
1930 14,129 −4.2%
1940 12,718 −10.0%
1950 11,084 −12.8%
1960 11,252 1.5%
1970 11,945 6.2%
1980 15,207 27.3%
1990 15,905 4.6%
2000 18,426 15.9%
2010 19,126 3.8%
Source: "Wikipedia.org".

Kansas became a territory in 1854 and the first territory census taken was in 1855. It was also enumerated as Kansas Territory in the 1860 Federal Census, although there were 15 counties that were marked with "no population" in them. The state continued to take state censuses after it was admitted to the Union in 1861.[8] See links listed below.

State and Territorial Census Records

Federal Census Records

The 1870 Census was the first Federal Census taken for Kansas after it became a state in 1861.[9] For links to Federal Census indexes, see Kansas Census.

Church Records

Most church records are held by individual churches. For contact information, check a phone directory, such as SearchBug or Dex Knows. Some denominations are gathering their records into a central repository. For more information about these major repositories, see Kansas Church Records.


Court Records

Directories

Emigration and Immigration

Ethnic, Political, and Religious Groups

Funeral Homes

Genealogies

Guardianship

Land and Property Records

Land and property records can place an ancestor in a particular location, provide economic information, and reveal family relationships. Land records include: deeds, abstracts and indexes, mortgages, leases, grants and land patents.

See Kansas Land and Property for additional information about early Kansas land grants. After land was transferred to private ownership, subsequent transactions were usually recorded at the county courthouse, where records are currently housed.


Online Land Records

For more information see Kansas Land and Property

Local Histories

Local histories are available for Jefferson County, Kansas Genealogy. County histories may include biographies, church, school and government history, and military information. For more information about local histories, see the wiki page section Kansas Local Histories.


Online County Histories

  • The First Hundred Years of Jefferson County, Kansas : 1855-1955." 1955. N.p.: n.p. Online at: FamilySearch Books Online.
  • History of Jefferson County taken from Andrea's History of Kansas. Salt Lake City, Utah : Digitized by the Genealogical Society of Utah, 2012. Online at: FamilySearch Books Online.

Maps and Gazetteers

Jackson CountyAtchison CountyLeavenworth CountyDouglas CountyShawnee CountyJefferson CountyJefferson, Kansas.JPG
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for more resources

Migration

Early migration routes to and from Jefferson County, Kansas for European and African American settlers included:

Military Records

Civil War

During the Civil War men from this county enlisted in the 15th Regiment, Kansas Cavalry, Companies C and F.

Naturalization and Citizenship

Newspapers

For more information, see Kansas Newspapers.

Kansas Newspapers Online

Kansas Newspaper Catalogs

Obituaries

Other Records

Voter Records

Periodicals

Probate Records

In most counties in Kansas, probate records have been kept by the county judge. They include wills, inventories, claim registers, legacy records, inheritance records, and dockets. The records are available at the county courthouse.

The FamilySearch Catalog lists films of probate records. To find the records for this county, use the Place Search for Kansas, Jefferson and click Probate records.


Online Records

School Records

Tax Records

Kansas tax records complement land records and can be used to supplement the years between censuses. Tax lists were usually made every year, however, there may be gaps of several years. For more information, see the wiki page Kansas Taxation.


Vital Records

Vital Records consist of births, adoptions, marriages, divorces, and deaths recorded on registers, certificates, and documents.

A copy or an extract of most original records can be purchased from the Kansas Office of Vital Statistics or the County Clerk's office of the county where the event occurred. See also Kansas Vital Records. For information about restrictions and costs for certificates, see the CDC Where to Write for Vital Records site.


Birth

Marriage

Death

Divorce

Research Facilities

Archives

Family History Centers

Family History Centers provide one-on-one assistance and free access to premium genealogical websites. In addition, many centers have free how-to genealogy classes.

Libraries

Museums

Societies

Jefferson County Genealogical Society
PO Box 174
Oskaloosa 66066

Jefferson County Historical Society
PO Box 146
Oskaloosa 66066

Websites

Research Guides

References

  1. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. (Draper, UT: Everton Publishers, 2002).
  2. Wikipedia contributors, "Jefferson, Kansas," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia, "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jefferson_County,_Kansas" 8/15/2017.
  3. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Jefferson County, Kansas page 252, At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  4. Alice Eichholz, ed. Ancestry’s Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources, Third ed. (Provo, Utah: Ancestry, 2004), 235.
  5. “Kansas Research Outline”, (Salt Lake City, Utah: Family History Department, 2000), 40.
  6. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. (Draper, UT: Everton Publishers, 2002).
  7. Wikipedia contributors, "Jefferson County, Kansas," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jefferson_County,_Kansas#Communities, accessed 16 September 2017.
  8. William Thorndale and William Dollarhide, Map Guide to the U.S. Federal Censuses (Bountiful, UT: American Genealogical Lending Library, 1985), page 118-119.
  9. William Thorndale and William Dollarhide, Map Guide to the U.S. Federal Censuses (Bountiful, UT: American Genealogical Lending Library, 1985), page 119.
  10. National Park Service, "(Auto Tour Route) Maps" in Oregon National Historic Trail at http://www.nps.gov/oreg/planyourvisit/maps.htm (accessed 18 July 2011).
  11. National Park Service, "(Auto Tour Route) Maps" in California National Historic Trail at http://www.nps.gov/cali/planyourvisit/maps.htm (accessed 18 July 2011).
  12. National Park Service, "Auto Tour Route Maps" in Mormon Pioneer National Historic Trail at http://www.nps.gov/mopi/planyourvisit/maps.htm (accessed 18 July 2011).