Jasper County, South Carolina Genealogy

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Guide to Jasper County, South Carolina Genealogy ancestry, family history and genealogy court records, deeds, maps, immigration, maps, military records, newspapers, obituaries, plantations, probate records, slaves, local archives, libraries, museums, churches, cemeteries, and Civil War records.

County in South Carolina Lowcountry.

Jasper County, South Carolina
Map of South Carolina highlighting Jasper County
Location in the state of South Carolina
Map of the U.S. highlighting South Carolina
Location of South Carolina in the U.S.
Founded January 30, 1912
County Seat Ridgeland

County Information[edit | edit source]

Description[edit | edit source]

Jasper County is located in the south central location of the state. [1]

Jasper County, South Carolina Record Dates[edit | edit source]

Known Beginning Dates for Major County Records[2]
Birth* Marriage Death* Court Land Probate Census
1915 1912 1915 1912 1912 1912 1790
*Statewide registration for births and deaths began in 1915. General compliance by 1918.

County Courthouse[edit | edit source]

Jasper Courthouse

Jasper County Courthouse
305 Russell St.
Ridgeland, SC 29936
Phone: 843-726-7728

Register of Deeds
358 Third Ave.
Ridgeland, SC 29936
Phone: 843-717-3615
Land records

Clerk of Court
265 Russell Street
Ridgeland, SC 29936
Phone: 843-726-7710
Court records

Probate Court
P.O. Box 1028
Ridgeland, SC 29936
Phone: 843-726-7718
Probate and marriage records

9 a.m. - 5 p.m. Monday - Friday

History[edit | edit source]

Monument to William Jasper at Savannah, Georgia
The county is named after Sergeant William Jasper (c1750-1779).[3]

Parent County[edit | edit source]

1912--Jasper County was created 30 January 1912 from Beaufort and Hampton Counties.
County seat:  Ridgeland [4]

County Pronunciation[edit | edit source]

  1. Hear it spoken[5]

Boundary Changes[edit | edit source]

For animated maps illustrating South Carolina county boundary changes, "Rotating Formation South Carolina County Boundary Maps" (1682-1987) may be viewed for free at the MapofUS.org website.

Record Loss[edit | edit source]

There is no known history of courthouse disasters in this county.

Places/Localities[edit | edit source]

Populated Places[edit | edit source]

For a complete list of populated places, including small neighborhoods and suburbs, visit HomeTown Locator. The following are the most historically and genealogically relevant populated places in this county:[6]

Unincorporated communities

Resources[edit | edit source]

Research Guides[edit | edit source]

African Americans[edit | edit source]

Gotoarrow.pngJasper County, South Carolina African Americans

Cemeteries[edit | edit source]

Tombstone Transcriptions Online Tombstone Transcriptions in Print List of Cemeteries in the county
Findagrave.com Family History Library Findagrave.com
SCGenWeb WorldCat Billion Graves
SCGenWeb Archives FamilySearch Places
Tombstone Project
Billion Graves
See South Carolina Cemeteries for more information.

Census[edit | edit source]

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1920 9,868
1930 9,988 1.2%
1940 11,011 10.2%
1950 10,995 −0.1%
1960 12,237 11.3%
1970 11,885 −2.9%
1980 14,504 22.0%
1990 15,487 6.8%
2000 20,678 33.5%
2010 24,777 19.8%
Source: "Wikipedia.org".

1920 and 1930 federal population schedules of Jasper County are available online. For tips on accessing census records online, see South Carolina Census. If you're having trouble finding your ancestors in online indexes, try checking printed indexes. Created by local experts familiar with the area's families, these indexes are often transcribed more accurately than online nationwide indexes.

See South Carolina Population Schedule Indexes: Fiche, Film, or Book for more information about statewide printed indexes.

Church[edit | edit source]

Church of England[edit | edit source]

Gotoarrow.png See also St. Luke's Parish

Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints[edit | edit source]

Ward and Branch Records of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints

  • Ridgeland

List of Churches and Church Parishes

Court[edit | edit source]

Jasper County has court records from 1912 that are held in the office of the Clerk of Court. Jasper County was formed from Beaufort and Hampton Counties in 1912 so these are counties which may also be searched.

The South Carolina Archives and History Center has court records available on microfilm for Jasper County.

DNA[edit | edit source]

DNA Double Helix.png
DNA has been collected from men claiming descent from the following Jasper County residents. FamilySearch has not independently verified the lineages of those tested.

Genealogy[edit | edit source]

It is anticipated that this bibliography will eventually identify all known family histories published about residents of this county. Use this list to:

  • Locate publications about direct ancestors
  • Find the most updated accounts of an ancestor's family
  • Identify publications, to quote Elizabeth Shown Mills, about an ancestor's "FAN Club" (Friends, Associates, and Neighbors)


As of August 2010, a query for persons born in Jasper, South Carolina at World Connect, produces more than 800 results.

Surname indexes to Leonardo Andrea's Files | Folders | Resources are available online, courtesy: The Andrea Files: South Carolina Genealogical Research. Gotoarrow.png Learn more.

Message Boards


Land[edit | edit source]

Because of South Carolina’s history as an agricultural state many residents owned land. For more information about types of land records see South Carolina Land and Property.

Tracing records through South Carolina county and district changes can be difficult. In general, for earliest records begin by searching the Charleston District, then your ancestor’s residential district, then neighboring districts, then the residential county, then neighboring counties. Not all districts and counties kept records. The following chart show where you may best expect to find land records for Jasper County:

Tracing Land Currently in Jasper County with Parent Counties and Districts [7]
Date Government Office  
1912-Present Jasper County
1878-1912 Hampton County
1868-1912 Beaufort County
1865-1868 Beaufort District
1769-1865 Beaufort District Records Lost
1710-1769 Charleston District
1670-1710 Proprietary Land Grants

Plats For State Land Grants 1784-1868

This series consists of recorded copies of plats for state land grants for the Charleston and the Columbia Series with their certificates of admeasurement or certification.  All personal names and geographic features on these plats are included in the repository's On-line Index to Plats for State Land Grants

The South Carolina Constitution of 1790 required the surveyor general to maintain offices in both the new capital at Columbia and in Charleston. The surveyor general began to use separate volumes for recording plats in his Columbia office in 1796. Before that, all plats were recorded in the set of volumes begun in Charleston in 1784. After 1796, most plats for land grants in the Upper Division of the state were recorded and filed in Columbia. The surveyor general chose to make the Columbia volumes a continuation of the state plat volumes begun in Charleston and gave the initial Columbia volume the number thirty-six to correspond with the number of the volume that had then been reached in the Charleston series. As a result, there are volumes numbered thirty-six through forty-three from each office, but the records in them are not duplicative.

Also included are the Plan Books containing Plats and Plans.

Local Histories[edit | edit source]

  • Perry, Grace Fox. Moving Finger of Jasper. unknown: unknown, 1952. Digital version at Ancestry ($).
  • Todd, John Reynard and Francis M. Huston. Prince William's Parish and Plantations. ( Richmond, Virginia: Garrett & Massie, c1935), 265 pages. Written with the idea of tracing, as briefly and accurately as possible, the physical development and transition of the Prince William's Parish secion of South Carolina from the earliest days of settlement to the present. Book found at FHL 975.79 H2t and Other Libraries.

Maps[edit | edit source]

Hampton CountyBeaufort CountyChatham CountyEffingham CountySC JASPER.PNG
Click a neighboring county
for more resources

Migration[edit | edit source]

Early migration routes to and from Jasper County for European settlers included:[8]

Military[edit | edit source]

Revolutionary War[edit | edit source]
  • "Head Quarters muster roll, 1779," Carolinas Genealogical Society Bulletin, Fall 1970, Volume 7, Issue 2. Carolinas Genealogical Society : Monroe, NC. FHL Collection Book 975 B2c.
Civil War[edit | edit source]

Online Records

Regiments. Jasper County did not exist during the Civil War. Present day Jasper County was created 30 January 1912 from Beaufort and Hampton Counties. During the Civil War, men from the area of Jasper County mostly would have served in various regiments recruited in Beaufort and Hampton Counties. Counties were called districts during the Civil War.

Civil War Battle[edit | edit source]

The following Civil War Battle was fought in Jasper County:

One battle was fought in what is now Jasper County at Honey Hill on November 30, 1864. For additional information, see Battles in South Carolina.

November 30, 1864, = Honey Hill[9]

Map showing Civil War battles in South Carolina

Newspapers[edit | edit source]


The Library of Congress has identified the following historic newspapers for Jasper County, South Carolina on their Chronicling America website. For publication details, including dates of publication, frequency, preceding and succeeding titles, and to find out which libraries have holdings, click on the newspaper title.

University of South Carolina Library Catalog

Periodicals[edit | edit source]

Tap into the minds of local experts. Editors of genealogical periodicals publish unique sources that researchers new to their area may not encounter. Periodicals at various levels (county, region, and state) may carry articles useful to research in this area. For this county, see:

  • Carolinas Genealogical Society Bulletin

Probate[edit | edit source]

Probate is the “court procedure by which a will is proved to be valid or invalid” and encompasses “all matters and proceedings pertaining to the administration of estates, guardianships, etc.”[10] Various types of records are created throughout the probate process. These may include, wills, bonds, petitions, accounts, inventories, administrations, orders, decrees, and distributions. For further information see probate records in South Carolina.

Online Probate Indexes and Records

Taxation[edit | edit source]

Tax-related records are kept by the offices of the county Assessor, Auditor, Sheriff, and Treasurer. Taxes were levied on real and personal property and can help establish ages, residences, relationships, and the year an individual died or left the area. They can be used as substitutes for missing or destroyed land and census records.

  • South Carolina Department of Archives and History tax lists for Jasper County.

Vital Records[edit | edit source]

Birth, marriage, and death records were not recorded by South Carolina until the 1900s, thus leaving a lack of vital records. Substitute records, when available, are used to obtain this information. These substitute records including newspapers, court records have been added to this section, when applicable.

Birth[edit | edit source]

State-wide birth registration began in 1915.  For a copy of a birth from 1915 or later, contact the South Carolina Department of Health.  The Jasper County Health Department also has copies but they provide only an abbreviated form with limited information.  For more information, see the South Carolina Vital Records page.

Marriage[edit | edit source]

In South Carolina, marriage licenses were not required by local governments until 1 July 1911. However, in the 1700s, the Church of England parish churches were required to record all marriages - even if the couple were not members of the denomination. Not all churches recorded these marriages and some have not survived. See South Carolina Vital Records for more information.

The Jasper County probate court holds marriage licenses issued from 1 July 1911 to the present. Statewide registration of marriages began in July 1950 and the South Carolina Division of Vital Records has copies of licenses issued after 1 July 1950 through November 2009.

Newspapers are used as a substitute to locate marriage information.  See South Carolina Newspapers.

Marriages - Indexes and Records

  • 1912-1950 - Jasper County, South Carolina Marriage Licenses, ca. 1912-1950 [11] FHL Collection - records
  • 1912-1952 - Marriage Registers (Jasper County, South Carolina), 1912-1952 [12] FHL Collection - index and records
  • There are several online marriage indexes containing miscellaneous marriage records found in  some counties of South Carolina listed on the South Carolina Vital Records page.
Death[edit | edit source]

State-wide death registration began in 1915.  For a copy of the death certificates from 1915 or later, contact the South Carolina Department of Health. The Jasper County Health Department only has copies for deaths occurring in the last 5 years.  For more information, see the South Carolina Vital Records page.

Deaths - Indexes and Records

Archives, Libraries, and Museums[edit | edit source]

Family History Centers[edit | edit source]

Family History Center and Affiliate Library Locator map - search for local Family History Centers or Affiliate Libraries

  • Family History Centers provide one-on-one assistance, free access to center-only databases, and to premium genealogical websites.
  • FamilySearch Affiliate Libraries have access to most center-only databases, but may not always have full services normally provided by a family history center.

Local Centers and Affiliate Libraries

Societies - Genealogical, Historical, Lineage[edit | edit source]

Jasper County Historical Society
P.O. Box 2013
Ridgeland, SC 29936
(843) 726-8126
E-mail: emailofsociety
Website Facebook

Websites[edit | edit source]

Wikipedia has more about this subject: Jasper County, South Carolina

References[edit | edit source]

  1. "Jasper County, South Carolina" in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia, "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jasper_County,_South_Carolina." accessed 27/06/2019
  2. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Jasper County, South Carolina. Page 611-615 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002; Alice Eichholz, ed. Ancestry’s Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources, Third ed. (Provo, Utah: Ancestry, 2004), 607-608.
  3. "List of counties in South Carolina," Wikipedia.
  4. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. (Draper, UT:Everton Publishers, 2002).
  5. Voice of Phillip Stalvey, resident of Myrtle Beach, S.C. (2011).
  6. Wikipedia contributors, "NAME OF ARTICLE," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jasper_County,_South_Carolina, accessed 26 December 2019.
  7. Schweitzer, George K. , South Carolina Genealogical Research (Knoxville, Tennessee: s.p. 1985), 39-42, FHL book 975.7 D27s
  8. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), 847-61. (FHL Book 973 D27e 2002) WorldCat entry., and William E. Myer, Indian Trails of the Southeast. (Nashville, Tenn.: Blue and Gray Press, 1971), 12-14, and the book's pocket map "The Trail System of the Southeastern United States in the Early Colonial Period" (1923). (FHL Book 970.1 M992i) WorldCat entry.
  9. Heritage Preservation Services, Civil War Battle Summaries by State
  10. Henry Campbell Black, Black's Law Dictionary, 5th ed. (St. Paul, Minnesota: West Publishing Co., 1979), 1081, "probate."
  11. South Carolina. Probate Court (Jasper County), Jasper County, South Carolina Marriage Licenses, ca. 1912-1950, Salt Lake City, UT: Filmed by the Genealogical Society of Utah, 2001.
  12. South Carolina. Probate Court (Jasper County), Marriage Registers (Jasper County, South Carolina), 1912-1952, Salt Lake City, UT: Filmed by the Genealogical Society of Utah, 2005.