Jasper County, Missouri Genealogy

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United States
Missouri
Jasper County

Guide to Jasper County, Missouri ancestry, genealogy and family history, birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.

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County Facts
County seat: Carthage
Organized: January 29, 1841
Parent County(s): Newton[1]
Neighboring Counties
Barton  • Cherokee (KS)  • Crawford (KS)  • Dade  • Lawrence  • Newton
See County Maps
Courthouse
MissouriJasperCourthouse.jpg
Location Map
Missouri Jasper County Map.svg.png
Adoption
Monument to William Jasper at Savannah, Georgia

County Information

Description

The County was named for William Jasper. The County has Carthage as its seat and the County was created January 2, 1841. The County is located in the southwest area of the state. [2]

County Courthouse

Jasper County Courthouse
302 S Main Street
Carthage, MO 64836-1696
Phone: 417-358-0441
Jasper County Website

County Clerk has birth records 1883-1900 and death records 1883-1891.
Recorder of Deeds has marriage and land records.
Probate Judge has probate and court records.[3]

Jasper County, Missouri Record Dates

Information for this chart was taken from various sources, often containing conflicting dates. This information should be taken as a guide and should be verified by contacting the county and/or the state government agency.

Known Beginning Dates for Major County Records[4]
Birth* Marriage Death* Court Land Probate Census
1883 1841 1883 1841 1841 1841 1830
Statewide registration started in 1910 for births and deaths. General compliance for births by 1927 and deaths by 1911.

Record Loss

1863 Courthouse was destroyed by fire in October 1863, but county records were saved.

Boundary Changes

  • 1841 Jasper County was created 29 January 1841 from Newton County.
  • County seat: Carthage[5]

For animated maps illustrating Missouri county boundary changes, "Rotating Formation Missouri County Boundary Maps" (1804-1889) may be viewed for free at the MapofUS.org website.

Populated Places

The following are locations in Jasper County, Missouri:

History Timeline

Resources

Bible Records

Biographies

  • All of the family biographies from The History of Jasper County, Missouri (1883) published by Mills & Company are available free on the My Genealogy Hound website.
  • The Biographical Record of Jasper County, Missouri. By Hon. Malcolm G. McGregor. 1901. Available online at Google Books. This book has biographical sketches of county residents. A name index is provided on page 5 of the book.

Business, Commerce, and Occupations

Cemeteries

Cemeteries of Jasper County, Missouri online and in print
Tombstone Transcriptions Online
Tombstone Transcriptions in Print (Often more complete)
List of Cemeteries in the County
See Missouri Cemeteries for more information

Census Records

Church Records

Church records and the information they provide vary significantly depending on the denomination and the record keeper. They may contain information about members of the congregation, such as age, date of baptism, christening, or birth; marriage information and maiden names; and death date. For general information about Missouri denominations, view the Missouri Church Records wiki page.

Court Records

Directories

Emigration and Immigration

Ethnic, Political, and Religious Groups

Funeral Homes

Genealogies

  • Arthurs in Missouri. By David E. Zellers. Available online at FamilySearch.

Guardianship

Land and Property Records

Land and property records can place an ancestor in a particular location, provide economic information, and reveal family relationships. Land records include: deeds, abstracts and indexes, mortgages, leases, grants and land patents.

See Missouri Land and Property for information about records of land transfers from the government to private ownership. After that transfer, transactions were usually recorded and are currently housed at the county courthouse.

Local Histories

Local histories are available for Jasper County, Missouri Genealogy. County histories may include biographies, church, school and government history, and military information. For more information about local histories, see the Wiki page section Missouri Local Histories.

  • The History of Jasper County, Missouri. By F. A. North. 1883. Des Moines, Iowa : Mills & Co. Vol 2 available online at FamilySearch. Vol 3 available online at FamilySearch. Index available online at FamilySearch.
  • A History of Jasper County, Missouri, and its People. by Joel T. Livingston. 1912. Vol 1 available online at Google Books; Vol 2 available online at Google Books

Maps and Gazetteers

Jasper CountyBarton CountyDade CountyGreene CountyPolk CountyLawrence CountyChristian CountyBarry CountyStone CountyNewton CountyMcDonald CountyCrawford CountyNeosho CountyLabette CountyOttawa CountyCraig CountyDalaware CountyCherokee CountyMOJasper1.JPG
Click a neighboring county
for more resources

Migration

Military Records

Civil War

Online Records

Regiments

Service men in Jasper County, Missouri served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Listed below are companies that were specifically formed in Jasper County, Missouri:

- 11th Regiment, Missouri Infantry - Confederate, Company A
- 11th Regiment, Missouri Infantry - Confederate, Company K

Civil War Battle
The following Civil War Battle was fought in Jasper County:

  • Map showing Civil War battles in Missouri.

World War II

Naturalization and Citizenship

Newspapers

Additional newspapers abstracts can sometimes be found using search phrases such as Jasper County, Missouri Genealogy newspapers in online catalogs like:

Obituaries

Other Records

Periodicals

Probate Records

Probate records include wills, bonds, petitions, accounts, inventories, administrations, orders, decrees, and distributions. For further information, see United States Probate Records.

In Missouri, probate records have usually been recorded by the clerks of the probate courts, but in some counties the common pleas or circuit courts handled this function. They are frequently indexed.

Online Probate Records

School Records

Tax Records

Taxes were levied on free white males over 21 and slaves aged 21 to 60. These persons are referred to as "polls." Tax listings, or digests, of a county generally list the taxable landowners and other polls and the amount of tax. The records for each county are divided by militia district. For more information see the wiki page Missouri Taxation.

Vital Records

Vital Records consist of births, adoptions, marriages, divorces, and deaths. For additional guidance on researching and using vital records, see United States Vital Records or How to order Missouri Vital Records.

St. Louis and Kansas City recorded births and deaths starting as early as 1850 for deaths and 1870 for births.  The Missouri Department of Health began keeping birth and death records in 1909. County records vary by year and the county. A copy or an extract of most original records can be purchased from the Missouri Vital Records State Department of Health, the County Clerk's office or order electronically online.

Birth

Marriage

Death

Divorce

Research Facilities

Archives

Family History Centers

Family History Centers provide one-on-one assistance and free access to premium genealogical websites. In addition, many centers have free how-to genealogy classes.

Libraries

Museums

Societies

  • Joplin Genealogical Society
    306 S. Wall
    Joplin, MO 64801
    Website
    (This location has closed its genealogy section and given the records to the Jasper County Records Center-see above under Archives)
  • Jasper County Historical Society
    1718 Garrison
    Carthage, MO 64836
    Phone: 417-358-2980

Websites

  • Missouri Digital Heritage. Free. digital images of many types of records from institutions across the State
  • MOGenWeb. Free. Data may be submitted by individuals or complete transcriptions
  • USGenWeb Archives. Free. Data may be submitted by individuals or may be complete transcriptions
  • FamilySearch Catalog . Free. - The FamilySearch catalog contains descriptions and access information for all genealogical materials (including books, online materials, microfilm, microfiche, and publications) in their collection.  Use Historical Records to search for specific individuals in genealogical records
  • RootsWeb resources. Free. Data may be submitted by individuals or may be complete transcriptions
  • Linkpendium. Free. Click links. Some sites they link to may have fees ($)
  • CyndisList. Free. Click links. Some sites they link to may have fees ($)
  • StateofUS. Free. family history resources and government records
  • Missouri Genealogy. Free. Click links. Some sites they link to may have fees ($)

Research Guides

References

  1. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Missouri. At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  2. Wikipedia contributors, "Jasper, Missouri," in https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jasper_County,_Missouri. accessed 9/11/2018
  3. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Missouri. At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  4. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Jasper County, Missouri. Page 397-407 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002; Alice Eichholz, ed. Ancestry’s Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources, Third ed. (Provo, Utah: Ancestry, 2004), 393-397.
  5. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Missouri. At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  6. Heritage Preservation Services, Civil War Battle Summaries by State, (accessed 9 August 2012)
  7. Genealogical Society of Utah, Parish and Vital Records List (July 1998). Microfiche. Digital version at https://www.familysearch.org/learn/wiki/en/images/d/d8/Igimissourij.pdf.