Jackson County, West Virginia Genealogy

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United States
West Virginia
Jackson County

Guide to Jackson County, West Virginia ancestry, genealogy and family history, birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.

County Facts
County seat: Ripley
Organized: March 1, 1831
Parent County(s): Kanawha, Wood, Mason[1]
Neighboring Counties
Kanawha  • Mason  • Meigs (OH)  • Putnam  • Roane  • Wirt  • Wood
See County Maps
Jackson County, West Virginia Courthouse.JPG
Location Map

County Information


The County was named for Andrew Jackson. The County has Ripley as its seat and the County was created March 1, 1831. The County is located in the west central area of the state.[2]

County Courthouse

Jackson County Courthouse
P O Box 800
Ripley, WV 25271
Phone: 304-372-2011
Jackson County Website

County Clerk has birth and death records from 1853, land records from early 1800s, probate records from 1861, and military records from 1918.
Clerk of the Circuit Court has divorce and court records.[3]

Jackson County, West Virginia Record Dates

Information for this chart was taken from various sources, often containing conflicting dates. This information should be taken as a guide and should be verified by contacting the county and/or the state government agency.

Known Beginning Dates for Major County Records[4]
Birth* Marriage Death* Court Land Probate Census
1853 1831 1853 1831 1831 1861 1870
Statewide registration for births and deaths began in 1917. General compliance by 1925.

Record Loss

There is no known history of courthouse disasters in this county.

Boundary Changes

  • 1831--Jackson County was created 1 March 1831 from Kanawha, Wood and Mason Counties.
  • County seat: Ripley[5]

For animated maps illustrating West Virginia county boundary changes, "Rotating Formation West Virginia County Boundary Maps" (1617-1995) may be viewed for free at the MapofUS.org website.

Populated Places

For a complete list of populated places, including small neighborhoods and suburbs, visit Hometown Locator. The following are the most historically and genealogically relevant populated places in this county:[6]

Unincorporated communities

History Timeline


Bible Records


Business, Commerce, and Occupations


Cemeteries of Jackson County, West Virginia online and in print
Tombstone Transcriptions Online
Tombstone Transcriptions in Print (Often more complete)
List of Cemeteries in the County
See West Virginia Cemeteries for more information

Census Records

For tips on accessing Jackson census records online, see: West Virginia Census.

Historical populations
Census Pop.  %±
1840 4,890
1850 6,544 33.8%
1860 8,306 26.9%
1870 10,300 24.0%
1880 16,312 58.4%
1890 19,021 16.6%
1900 22,987 20.9%
1910 20,956 −8.8%
1920 18,658 −11.0%
1930 16,124 −13.6%
1940 16,598 2.9%
1950 15,299 −7.8%
1960 18,541 21.2%
1970 20,903 12.7%
1980 25,794 23.4%
1990 25,938 0.6%
2000 28,000 7.9%
2010 29,211 4.3%
Source: "Wikipedia.org".

Church Records

Court Records


Emigration and Immigration

Ethnic, Political, and Religious Groups

Funeral Homes



Land and Property Records

Land and property records can place an ancestor in a particular location, provide economic information, and reveal family relationships. Land records include: deeds, abstracts and indexes, mortgages, leases, grants and land patents.

See West Virginia Land and Property for additional information about early West Virginia land grants. After land was transferred to private ownership, subsequent transactions were usually recorded at the county courthouse and where records are currently housed.

Local Histories

Local histories are available for Jackson County, West Virginia Genealogy. County histories may include biographies, church, school and government history, and military information. For more information about local histories see the wiki page section West Virginia Local Histories.

Maps and Gazetteers

Wood CountyWirt CountyRoane CountyKanawha CountyPutnam CountyMason CountyMeigs CountyWV JACKSON.PNG
About this image
Click a neighboring county
for more resources


Military Records

Revolutionary War

  • Census of Pensioners for Revolutionary or Military Services: With their Names, Ages, and Places of Residence, as Returned by the Marshalls of the Several Judicial Districts, Under the Act for Taking the Sixth Census. 1841. Digital version at Google Books. 1967 reprint: FHL Book 973 X2pc 1840. See Virginia, Western District, Jackson County on pages 134-135.
  • Rejected or Suspended Applications for Revolutionary War Pensions. Washington, D.C., 1852. Reprinted by Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., 1969, and 1991. Reprints include "an Added Index to States." FHL Book 973 M24ur; digital version at Ancestry ($). Includes veterans from this county; Virginia section begins on page 238.

Civil War

Regiments. Service men in Jackson served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Listed below are companies that were specifically formed in Jackson County:


- 3rd Regiment, Virginia State Line (Cavalry and Infantry) (Confederate). Companies B, C, and D.
- 10th Regiment, Virginia Cavalry (1st Cavalry Regiment, Wise Legion (Confederate). Company G (The Jackson Rangers).[7]
- 14th Regiment, Virginia Cavalry (Confederate). Company N (Night Hawk Rangers).[8]
- 19th Regiment, Virginia Cavalry (Confederate). Company C.[9]
- 22nd Regiment, Virginia Infantry (1st Kanawha Regiment). Company F (Border Rifles).[10]
- 26th Regiment, Virginia Cavalry (Confederate). Company D and Company F.[11]


- 8th Regiment, West Virginia Infantry.[12]

Records and histories are available, including:

World War I

World War II

Naturalization and Citizenship



Other Records


Probate Records

Online Probate Records

School Records

Tax Records

West Virginia real and personal property tax records are managed by the County Assessor in each county. Land and land improvements are considered real property while mobile property is classified as personal property.

Many County Assessors offer an online searchable database, where assessment record searches can be performed by name, account number, year, or mp/parcel number. Where online records are not available, requests for records can be made to the Assessment Office in person, by phone, or in writing.

The search for tax information can start here

Vital Records





Research Facilities


Family History Centers

Family History Centers provide one-on-one assistance and free access to premium genealogical websites. In addition, many centers have free how-to genealogy classes.




  • Jackson County Historical Society
    P O Box 22
    Ripley, WV 25271


Research Guides


  1. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), West Virginia.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  2. Wikipedia contributors, "Jackson County, West Virginia" in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia, "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jackson_County,_West_Virginia."
  3. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Jackson County, West Virginia. Page 744 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  4. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Jackson County, West Virginia. Page 743-746 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002; Alice Eichholz, ed. Ancestry’s Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources, Third ed. (Provo, Utah: Ancestry, 2004), 742-743.
  5. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), West Virginia.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  6. Wikipedia contributors, "Jackson County, West Virginia," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jackson_County,_West_Virginia, accessed 04 July 2018.
  7. Robert J. Driver, 10th Virginia Cavalry (Lynchburg, Va.: H.E. Howard, c1992). FHL Book 975.5 M2vr v. 87.
  8. Robert J. Driver, 14th Virginia Cavalry (Lynchburg, Va.: H.E. Howard, c1988). FHL Book 975.5 M2vr v. 47.
  9. Richard L. Armstrong, 19th and 20th Virginia Cavalry (Lynchburg, Va.: H.E. Howard, 1994). FHL Book 975.5 M2vr v. 101.
  10. Terry D. Lowry, 22nd Virginia Infantry (Lynchburg, Va.: H.E. Howard, 1988). FHL Book 975.5 M2vr v. 44.
  11. Richard L. Armstrong, 26th Virginia Cavalry (Lynchburg, Va.: H.E. Howard, 1994). FHL Book 975.5 M2vr v. 110.
  12. Ronald R. Turner, 7th West Virginia Cavalry (Manassas, Va.: R.R. Turner, 1989). Digital version at Raleigh County West Virginia GenWeb; FHL Book 975.4 M2t.