Jackson County, Georgia Genealogy

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United States
Georgia
Jackson County

Guide to Jackson County, Georgia ancestry, genealogy and family history, birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.

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County Facts
County seat: Jefferson
Organized: February 11, 1796
Parent County(s): Franklin[1]
Neighboring Counties
Banks  • Barrow  • Clarke  • Gwinnett  • Hall  • Madison  • Oconee
See County Maps
Courthouse
Jackson County Court House.jpg
Location Map
Georgia Jackson County Map.png
Adoption
Old Jackson County Courthouse

County Information

Description

The County was named for Revolutionary War Lieutenant Colonel, Congressman, Senator and Governor James Jackson. The County is located in the northeast area of the state.[2]

County Courthouse

Jackson County Courthouse
67 Athens Street
PO Box 68
Jefferson, GA 30549-0068
Phone: 706-367-6360
Jackson County Website

Clerk Superior Court has land and probate records from 1796, marriage records from 1803, birth records from 1919, death records from 1927 and tax records from 1800.[3]

Jackson County, Georgia Record Dates

Information for this chart was taken from various sources, often containing conflicting dates. This information should be taken as a guide and should be verified by contacting the county and/or the state government agency.

Known Beginning Dates for Major County Records[4]
Birth* Marriage Death* Court Land Probate Census
1919 1803 1927 1796 1796 1796 1820
Statewide registration of births and death began in 1919. General compliance for births by 1928 and deaths by 1922.

Record Loss

There is no known history of courthouse disasters in this county.[5]

Boundary Changes

  • 1796 Jackson County was created 11 February 1796 from Franklin County.
  • County seat: Jefferson[6]

For animated maps illustrating Georgia county boundary changes, "Rotating Formation Georgia County Boundary Maps" (1758-1932) may be viewed for free at the MapofUS.org website.

Populated Places

The following are locations in Jackson County, Georgia:

History Timeline

Resources

Bible Records

Biographies

Business, Commerce, and Occupations

Cemeteries

Cemeteries of Jackson, Georgia online and in print
Tombstone Transcriptions Online
TombstoneTranscriptions in Print (Often more complete)
List of Cemeteries in the County
See Georgia Cemeteries for more information

The following web site may have additional information on Jackson County cemeteries.

Census Records

Church Records

Church records and the information they provide vary significantly depending on the denomination and the record keeper. They may contain information about members of the congregation, such as age, date of baptism, christening, or birth; marriage information and maiden names; and death date. For general information about Georgia denominations, see the Georgia Church Records wiki page.

Court Records

Directories

Emigration and Immigration

Ethnic, Political, and Religious Groups

Funeral Homes

Genealogies

Guardianship

Land and Property Records

Land and property records can place an ancestor in a particular location, provide economic information, and reveal family relationships. Land records include deeds, abstracts and indexes, mortgages, leases, grants and land patents.

See Georgia Land and Property for additional information about early Georgia land grants from the government. After land was transferred to private ownership, subsequent transactions (generally buying and selling deeds) were usually recorded at the county courthouse and where records are currently housed.

Local Histories

Local histories are available for Jackson County, Georgia Genealogy. County histories may include biographies, church, school and government history, and military information. For more information about local histories, see the wiki page section Georgia Local Histories.

  • Hardman, Thomas Colquitt. History of Harmony Grove-Commerce, Jackson County, Georgia. Athens, Ga.: Printed by the McGregor Co., c1949. Digital version at Ancestry ($)
  • Wilson, G. J. N. The Early History of Jackson County, Georgia: "The Writings of the Late G.J.N. Wilson, Embracing Some of the Early History of Jackson County": The First Settlers, 1784: Formation and Boundaries to the Present Time: Records of the Talasee Colony: Struggles of the Colonies of Yamacutah, Groaning Rock, Fort Yargo, Stonethrow and Thomocoggan. Jefferson, Ga.: W.E. White, c1914. Digital version at Ancestry ($)

Maps and Gazetteers

Banks CountyFranklin CountyMadison CountyClarke CountyOconee CountyBarrow CountyGwinnett CountyHall CountyGA JACKSON.PNG
About this image
Click a neighboring county
for more resources


Migration

Military Records

Civil War

Online Records

Regiments. Service men in Jackson County served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Listed below are companies that were specifically formed in Jackson County:

- 16th Regiment, Georgia Infantry (Confederate), Companies B and G
- 18th Battalion, Georgia Infantry (Confederate)
- 18th Regiment, Georgia Infantry (Confederate), Company C
- 34th Regiment, Georgia Infantry (Confederate), Company E
- 43rd Regiment, Georgia Infantry (Confederate), Companies G and H


  • Elrod, Frary. 1967. Historical notes on Jackson County, Georgia. (page 95) 975.8147 H2e
  • Georgia. Court of Ordinary (Jackson County). 1963. Confederate pension rolls, 1894-1939. Salt Lake City, Utah: Filmed by the Genealogical Society of Utah. film 325688
  • Hageness, MariLee Beatty. 1995. Confederate soldiers and their units Jackson County: Georgia regiments; volume GA80-5. [Anniston, Alabama]: M.B. Hageness. (page 1-21) 975.8145 M2h
  • Ledford, Karen Ann Thompson. These Men Wore Grey Genealogical, Military, and Interment Records of Confederate Soldiers. (Toccoa, Georgia: K.T. Ledford, c1998-c2001), 7 Volumes. Each volume contains bibliographical references and full-name index. Contents: v. 1. Franklin County -- v. 2. Habersham County --v. 3. Stephens County -- v. 4. Rabun County --v. 5. White County -- v. 6. Banks County -- v. 7. Jackson County. Book found at FHL 975.8 V3L and Other Libraries.


World War I

Naturalization and Citizenship

Newspapers

Obituaries

Other Records

Voting Records

Periodicals

Probate Records

Colonial courts kept some early probate records.  From 1777 to 1798 and since 1852, the court of ordinary or register of probates has kept probate and guardianship records.  The inferior court handled probate and guardianship matters from 1798 to 1852.

Many probate records to the 1930s and 1940s are at the Georgia Department of Archives and History and the Family History Library on microfilm.

Content: Probate Records may give the decedent's date of death, names of his or her spouse, children, parents, siblings, in-laws, neighbors, associates, relatives, and their place of residence.

Record types: Wills, estates, guardianships, naturalizations, marriage, adoption, and birth and death records (not all years).

Online Probate Records

School Records

Tax Records

Taxes were levied on free white males over 21 and all slaves up to age 60. These persons are referred to as "polls." Tax listings, or digests, of a county generally list the taxable landowners and other polls and the amount of tax. The records for each county are divided by militia district.

Vital Records

Vital Records consist of births, adoptions, marriages, divorces, and deaths recorded on registers, certificates, and documents. A copy or an extract of most original records can be purchased from the Georgia State Department of Health , the County Clerk's office of the county where the event occurred or order electronically online.

For some online statewide indexes, see the FamilySearch Historical Record Collections for Georgia.

Birth

  • 1805 Jackson County Birth Index 1805. Batch C713101 at FamilySearch[7]

Marriage

Death

Divorce

Research Facilities

Archives

Family History Centers

Family History Centers provide one-on-one assistance and free access to premium genealogical websites. In addition, many centers have free how-to genealogy classes.

Libraries

Museums

Societies

  • Jackson County Historical Society
    P. O. Box 1234
    Commerce, GA 30529
    Website
    Facebook

Websites

Research Guides

References

  1. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Georgia.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  2. Wikipedia contributors, "Jackson County, Georgia" in https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jackson_County,_Georgia accessed 31 Oct 2018
  3. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Georgia.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  4. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Jackson County, Georgia. Page 151-163 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002; Alice Eichholz, ed. Ancestry’s Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources, Third ed. (Provo, Utah: Ancestry, 2004), 155-160.
  5. Paul K. Graham, Georgia Courthouse Disasters (Decatur, Georgia: Genealogy Co., 2013), 37-38. At various libraries (WorldCat).
  6. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Georgia.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  7. Genealogical Society of Utah, Parish and Vital Records List (July 1998). Microfiche. Digital version at https://www.familysearch.org/learn/wiki/en/images/5/57/Igigeorgiael.pdf.