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Jackson County, Alabama Genealogy

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Guide to Jackson County, Alabama ancestry, family history, and genealogy birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.


Jackson County, Alabama
Map of Alabama highlighting Jackson County
Location in the state of Alabama
Map of the U.S. highlighting Alabama
Location of Alabama in the U.S.
Founded December 13, 1819
County Seat Scottsboro
Jackson County, Alabama Courthouse.jpg
Address Jackson County Courthouse
102 Laurel St.
Scottsboro, AL 35768
Phone:(256) 574-9320 County Website

County Information[edit | edit source]

Jackson County, Alabama Record Dates[edit | edit source]

Known Beginning Dates for Major Records[1]
Birth Marriage Death Court Land Probate Census
1892 1851 1892 1920 1835 1850 1816
*Statewide registration for births and deaths began in 1908. General compliance for births by 1927 and for deaths 1925.

County Courthouse[edit | edit source]

Probate Judge has marriage records from 1851,
probate records from 1850,
land records from 1835 and 1900 Civil War Vets list;
Clerk Circuit Court has court records from 1920
and divorce records from 1895; 
County Health Department has birth and death records;
 Public library has cemetery records [2]

Description[edit | edit source]

The County was named after Andrew Jackson. The County has Scottsboro as its seat and the County was created December 13, 1819. [3] The County is located in the northeast area of the state.[4]

History[edit | edit source]

Andrew Jackson

The county is named after War of 1812 hero Andrew Jackson (1767-1845) who became Seventh President of the United States in 1829.[5]

Parent County[edit | edit source]

1819--Jackson County was created 13 December 1819 from the Cherokee Cession of 1816.
County seat: Scottsboro [6]

Boundary Changes[edit | edit source]

For animated maps illustrating Alabama county boundary changes, "Rotating Formation Alabama County Boundary Maps" (1799-1980) may be viewed for free at the website.

Record Loss[edit | edit source]

Jackson County had destructive courthouse fires in 1864, and 1920. See Research in Alabama: A Genealogical Guide  pages 27-28 for suggested alternative sources to overcome this loss.[7]

For suggestions about research in places that suffered historic record losses, see:

Places/Localities[edit | edit source]

Populated Places[edit | edit source]

For a complete list of populated places, including small neighborhoods and suburbs, visit Hometown Locator. The following are the most historically and genealogically relevant populated places in this county:[8]

Unincorporated communities
Ghost towns
  • Abbott's Chapel

Neighboring Counties[edit | edit source]


Resources[edit | edit source]

Bible Records[edit | edit source]

Bibles of the Edmonds, Flowers, Green, Hembree, Hunt (3), Jenkins, Keeble, Kirby (2), Larkin, Lindsay, McKelvy, Price, and Stewart families were published in Volume 1 of Jackson County Alabama Records by Christine P. Sumner, which is available online at FamilySearch Digital Library - free. Volume 2 includes Bibles of the Acklen, Caperton, Cotton, Harris, Hunt, Lewis, Smith, and Woosley families. It is also available online at FamilySearch Digital Library - free.

Biography[edit | edit source]

  • Northern Alabama, Historical and Biographical. Birmingham, Ala.: Smith and De Land, 1888. Digital version at FamilySearch Digital Library. Jackson County, Alabama Genealogy begins on page 92.

Cemeteries[edit | edit source]

Cemeteries of Jackson, Alabama online and in print
Tombstone Transcriptions Online
TombstoneTranscriptions in Print (Often more complete)
List of Cemeteries in the County
See Alabama Cemeteries for more information

The following web sites have additional information on Jackson county cemeteries.

  • Douthat, James L. Guntersville Reservoir Cemeteries. Signal Mountain, Tenn.: Mountain Press. Free surname index and publisher's bookstore at Mountain Press.
  • Sumner, Christine P. Jackson County Alabama Records. Vol. 1&2. Scottsboro, Ala., 1971. Digital version at FamilySearch Digital Library - free. Includes Beech Grove Cemetery, Kirkpatrick Cemetery, Smith Cemetery, Travis Cemetery, and Union Cemetery.

Census[edit | edit source]

Jackson County, Alabama
Year Pop.
1820 8,751
1830 12,700 45.1%
1840 15,715 23.7%
1850 14,088 −10.4%
1860 18,283 29.8%
1870 19,410 6.2%
1880 25,114 29.4%
1890 28,026 11.6%
1900 30,508 8.9%
1910 32,918 7.9%
1920 35,864 8.9%
1930 36,881 2.8%
1940 41,802 13.3%
1950 38,998 −6.7%
1960 36,681 −5.9%
1970 39,202 6.9%
1980 51,407 31.1%
1990 47,796 −7.0%
2000 53,926 12.8%
2010 53,227 −1.3%

For tips on accessing Jackson County, Alabama Genealogy census records online, see: Alabama Census.

State Census

Church Records[edit | edit source]

Church records and the information they provide vary significantly depending on the denomination and the record keeper. They may contain information about members of the congregation, such as age, date of baptism, christening, or birth; marriage information and maiden names; and death date. For general information about Alabama denominations, view the Alabama Church Records wiki page.

Baptist[edit | edit source]

Minutes of the Union Primitive Baptist Church (Woodville, Ala.) from 1840 to 1842 were published in Volume 1 of Jackson County Alabama Records, available online at FamilySearch Digital Library - free. (Begins on page 74.)

Court Records[edit | edit source]

Land and Property[edit | edit source]

Land and property records can place an ancestor in a particular location, provide economic information, and reveal family relationships. Land records include: deeds, abstracts and indexes, mortgages, leases, grants and land patents.

See Alabama Land and Property for additional information about early Alabama land grants. After land was transferred to private ownership, subsequent transactions were usually recorded at the county courthouse, where records are currently housed.

To place a grant or deed on a map within context of Jackson County, Alabama Genealogy see:

  • Boyd, Gregory A. Family Maps of Jackson County, Alabama: with Homesteads, Roads, Waterways, Towns, Cemeteries, Railroads, and More. Norman, Okla.: Arphax Pub. Co., 2007. This is a definitive work and can be used as an index to land grants. Digital version at ($). Website includes free surname index. FHL Book 976.195 E7b.

Many early Jackson County land entries (starting in 1830) were published in Volume 2 of Jackson County Alabama Records by Christine P. Sumner, which is available online at FamilySearch Digital Library - free. (Begins on page 1.)

For recent deeds, check: Probate Court Land Index

Local Histories[edit | edit source]

Local histories are available for Jackson County, Alabama Genealogy. County histories may include biographies, church, school and government history, and military information. For more information about local histories, see the wiki page section Alabama Local Histories.

  • Kennamer, John Robert. History of Jackson County. Winchester, Tenn.: Press of Southern Print. and Pub. Co., 1935. Digital version at Ancestry ($).

Maps[edit | edit source]

MadisonDeKalbMarshallLincoln County, TNFranklin County, TNMarion County, TNDade County, GAAL JACKSON.PNG
Click a neighboring county
for more resources

Military[edit | edit source]

Civil War[edit | edit source]

Civil War service men from Jackson County served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Listed below are companies or regiments that were formed from men of Jackson County.

- 2nd Regiment, Alabama Infantry, Company K
- 4th Regiment, Alabama Cavalry (Russell's), Company E and G
- 4th Regiment, Alabama Infantry, Company K(Larkinsville Guards)
- 6th Regiment, Alabama Infantry, Company F [subsequently, Company K]
- 6th Regiment, Alabama Infantry, Company I "Raccoon Roughs" [subsequently, Company D]
- 7th Regiment, Alabama Infantry, Company G
- 9th Regiment, Alabama Infantry, Company B "Railroad Guards"
- 12th Regiment, Alabama Infantry, Comapny G "North Alabama Sharpshooters"
- 49th Regiment, Alabama Infantry, Company C
- 50th Regiment, Alabama Infantry, Company C, formerly Company F, 2nd Battalion

Online Records

World War I[edit | edit source]
World War II[edit | edit source]

Newspapers[edit | edit source]

Finding More Alabama Newspapers[edit source]

Additional newspapers abstracts can sometimes be found using search phrases such as Jackson County, Alabama Genealogy newspapers in online catalogs like:

Abstracts of The Bellefonte Courier (1839), The Jackson County Herald (1868), The Era & Star (1873), The Scottsboro Citizen (1879-1880, 1917), The Jackson County Sentinel (1932-1933, 1937), and The Progressive Age (1937) were published in:

  • 1839-1937 (gaps) - Caver, Larry E. Abstracts from Alabama Newspapers, Volume II: Limestone County, Madison County, Marshall County, Jackson County. Carrollton, Miss.: Pioneer Publishing Co., 2007. Digital version at FamilySearch Digital Library - free.

Periodicals[edit | edit source]

Probate Records[edit | edit source]

Probate records are held by the Jackson County, Alabama Genealogy Probate Court. Most records are housed at the Jackson County, Alabama Genealogy Courthouse. Many records are on microfilm at the Family History Library.

See the wiki page Alabama Probate Records for information about how to use probate records.

Content: Probate Records may give the decedent's date of death, names of his or her spouse, children, parents, siblings, in-laws, neighbors, associates, relatives, and their places of residence.

Record types: Wills, dower records, personal property sales, settlement records, orphans’ records, and bonds.

Early will books were destroyed in a fire. Will Book K, which begins in the mid-1850s, is the earliest Jackson County will book that survives. A portion of it was published in Volume 2 of Jackson County Alabama Records by Christine P. Sumner, which is available online at FamilySearch Digital Library - free. (Begins on page 16.)

Online Probate Records

Taxation[edit | edit source]

Alabama tax records complement land records and can be used to supplement the years between censuses. There may be gaps of several years in the tax records of some counties. For more information, see the wiki page Alabama Taxation.

  • 1865-1866 - U.S. IRS Tax Assessment Lists, 1862-1918 at Ancestry ($). Jackson County is in District 3.

Vital Records[edit | edit source]

Vital Records consist of births, adoptions, marriages, divorces, and deaths recorded on registers, certificates, and documents. A copy or an extract of most original records can be purchased from the Alabama State Department of Health , the County Clerk's office of the county where the event occurred or order electronically online $.

For some online statewide indexes, see the FamilySearch Historical Record Collections for Alabama. See also How to order Alabama Vital Records

Birth Records[edit | edit source]
Marriage Records[edit | edit source]
  • To 1825 Index to Marriages at Ancestry – ($); Index. contains over 12,000 names. Each entry includes groom, bride, marriage date, county, and state. Every name is indexed so you can search for one name, or two names that are linked.
  • 1800, 1833, 1851-1901, 1936–1969 Alabama, Marriage Collection, 1800–1969 at Ancestry – ($); Index. This collection is comprised of indexes created by several agencies - the Alabama Center for Health Statistics, Jordan Dodd of Liahona Research, and Hunting For Bears.
  • 1851–1900 "Alabama Marriages, 1809–1920"at Ancestry – ($); Index. This database is a collection of marriage records from the state. Researchers will find the names of both bride and groom along with the marriage date. The county where the ceremony was performed is also provided. Containing about 150,000 records and the names of nearly 300,000 men and women.
Death Records[edit | edit source]
  • 1881–1974 Index to Deaths and Burials at Ancestry – ($); Index. Volunteers extracted the details in this index from microfilmed copies of church, civil, family, and other records of Alabama deaths and burials. details vary depending on the original record. Note that the number of available records can vary widely by county, and this database does not necessarily represent a comprehensive set of death records for the state during this time.
  • 1892-1896 - Jackson County Death Index 1892-1896. Batch B745799 at FamilySearch - free.
  • 1914-1917 - Jackson County Death Index 1914-1917. Batch B593288 at FamilySearch - free. — index

Vital Record Substitutes[edit | edit source]

A free collection of obituaries and death notices from various funeral homes in the Jackson County area has been put together by

Societies and Libraries[edit | edit source]

Tennessee Valley Genealogical Society
P. O. Box 1568
Huntsville, Alabama
Publication: Valley Leaves
Valley Leaves Website

Jackson County Historical Society
Rt. 1 Langston, AL
Publication: Jackson County Chronicles

  • [h Jackson County, Alabama]

Family History Center
[edit | edit source]

Family History Centers provide one-on-one assistance and free access to premium genealogical websites. In addition, many centers have free how-to genealogy classes.

Jackson County Alabama Genealogy Websites[edit | edit source]

Jackson County Alabama Genealogy References[edit | edit source]

  1. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Jackson County, Alabama. Page 37 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002; Alice Eichholz, ed. Ancestry’s Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources, Third ed. (Provo, Utah: Ancestry, 2004), 33.
  2. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Jackson County p. 37. At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  3. Genealogy Trails History Group, “Jackson County, Alabama Genealogy and History”, 6/07/2017.
  4. Wikipedia contributors, "Jackson, Alabama," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia,,_Alabama 6/07/2017.
  5. "Jackson County, Alabama," Wikipedia.
  6. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. (Draper, UT:Everton Publishers, 2002).
  7. Marilyn Davis Barefield, Researching in Alabama: a Genealogical Guide (Birmingham, Alabama : Birmingham Public Library, 1998), 27-28. At various libraries (WorldCat). FHL Book 976.1 D27b 1998.
  8. Wikipedia contributors, "Jackson County, Alabama," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia,,_Alabama, accessed 17 October 2018.
  9. Genealogical Society of Utah, Parish and Vital Records List (July 1998). Microfiche. Digital version at

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