Iowa Mortality Schedules - FamilySearch Historical Records
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Iowa Mortality Schedules, 1850-1880
|This article describes a collection of records at FamilySearch.org.|
|Flag of the United States of America|
|US Flag 1848-1851 (30 stars)|
|National Archives and Records Administration Logo|
|Record Type||Mortality Schedules|
|Record Group||RG 29: Records of the Bureau of the Census, 1790–2007|
|Microfilm Publication||T1156. Nonpopulation Census Records: Iowa. 54–62 rolls.|
|National Archives Identifier||358|
|National Archives and Records Administration|
- 1 What is in This Collection?
- 2 What Can These Records Tell Me?
- 3 Collection Content
- 4 How Do I Search This Collection?
- 5 What Do I Do Next?
- 6 Citing This Collection
What is in This Collection?[edit | edit source]
The Iowa Mortality Schedules collection consists of an index and images of mortality schedules in Iowa from 1850–1880. Mortality schedules include individuals who died in the year preceding the federal census. Mortality schedules exist for the census year 1850, 1860, and 1880. Census enumerators requested information from the head of household about deaths that had occurred from June 1st to May 31st of the previous year. In 1918 to 1919, the Bureau of the Census distributed the original schedules to states or to the National Library of the Daughters of the American Revolution when states were not interested.
Mortality schedules list a small percentage of the total population. At the time of the 1870 census, it was surmised that as many as one-third of all deaths were not reported. For instance, when a family was scattered by the death of the head of household, there was no one left to report it. In 1880, a supplemental report from attending physicians added 60,000 additional names to the schedules.
In the absence of vital registration in many states, mortality schedules provided nationwide death statistics for one year of each decade, 1850–1880. According to the official statistical report for 1870, this was done to assess the death rate for age-groups, sex, race, nationality, and occupation and to "deduc[e] the effect of the various conditions of life upon the duration of life."
Census mortality schedules are usually accurate, but this accuracy depended on the knowledge of the informant and the care of the census enumerator.
Image Visibility[edit | edit source]
Whenever possible FamilySearch makes images and indexes available for all users. However, rights to view these data are limited by contract and subject to change. Because of this there may be limitations on where and how images and indexes are available or who can see them. Please be aware some collections consist only of partial information indexed from the records and do not contain any images. For additional information about image restrictions see Restrictions for Viewing Images in FamilySearch Historical Record Collections.
What Can These Records Tell Me?[edit | edit source]
The following information may be found in these records:
- Name, age, gender, and color of deceased
- Free person or slave
- Whether married or widowed
- Birthplace (state, territory, or country)
- Month in which death occurred
- Occupation (profession or trade)
- Cause of death
- If parents were foreign born (1870 Census only)
- Length of residence in the United States (1880 Census only)
- Father’s and mother’s birthplace (1880 Census only)
Collection Content[edit | edit source]
Sample Images[edit | edit source]
Inventory[edit | edit source]
An inventory of the contents of each film and digital folder in this collection can be found at Iowa Mortality Schedules - Inventory.
Digital Folder Number List[edit | edit source]
This collection contains a digital browse. Only the DGS numbers are displayed.
|DGS Number||Date From||Date To||First County||Last County||Roll|
|7311070||2 June 1849||1 June 1850||Appanoose||Washington||54|
|7311071||2 June 1859||1 June 1860||Wright||Adair||55|
|7311072||2 June 1869||1 June 1870||Adair||Hancock||56|
|7311073||2 June 1869||1 June 1870||Hardin||Shelby||57|
|7311074||2 June 1869||1 June 1870||Sioux||Wright||58|
|7311075||1 June 1879||31 May 1880||Adair||Des Moines||59|
|7311076||1 June 1879||31 May 1880||Dickinson||Linn||60|
|7311077||1 June 1879||31 May 1880||Louisa||Van Buren||61|
|7311078||1 June 1879||31 May 1880||Wapello||Wright||62|
How Do I Search This Collection?[edit | edit source]
Before searching this collection, it is helpful to know:
- The name of the individual
- The place of residence
Search the Index[edit | edit source]Search by name on the Collection Details Page.
- Fill in the search boxes in the Search Collection section with the information you know
- Click Search to show possible matches
View the Images[edit | edit source]
To view images in this collection:
- Look at the Digital Folder Number List section to determine the folder/film number for the images you want to see
- Go to the Collection Browse Page
- Click the Film number to view the images
|More images are available in the FamilySearch Catalog at Iowa Mortality Schedules, 1880. Click on camera icon to see images.|
How Do I Analyze the Results?[edit | edit source]
Compare each result from your search with what you know to determine if there is a match. This may require viewing multiple records or images. Keep track of your research in a research log.
What Do I Do Next?[edit | edit source]
I Found the Person I Was Looking For, What Now?[edit | edit source]
- Add any new information to your records
- Mortality schedules are a national level file of state-by-state death registers. Using the death information, you can search for:
- Mortuary records
- Probate records, all of which may provide additional genealogical information
- Mortality schedules also list ages and birthplaces for a time when births were not reported
- Use this information to look for other records that may provide information about the individual, parents, and siblings
- Search for a death register in the county where the person died
- Search for an obituary in local newspapers
I Can't Find the Person I'm Looking For, What Now?[edit | edit source]
- Try different spellings of your ancestor’s name
- Remember that sometimes individuals went by nicknames or alternated between using first and middle names
- If your ancestor does not have a common name, collect entries for every person who has the same surname. This list can help you find possible relatives
- If you cannot locate your ancestor in the locality in which you believe they lived, then try searching records of a nearby town or county
- There is also the possibility that the individual was missed in the mortality schedule
Research Helps[edit | edit source]
The following articles will help you in your research for your family in the state of Iowa.
Related Family History Library Holdings[edit | edit source]
- Iowa non-population census schedules, 1850-1880
- Seventh census of the United States, 1850, Iowa, roll 2, schedule 3, mortality
Related FamilySearch historical Record Collections[edit | edit source]
- United States Census, 1850
- United States Census, 1860
- United States Census, 1870
- United States Census, 1880
Related Digital Books[edit | edit source]
Citing This Collection[edit | edit source]
Citations help you keep track of places you have searched and sources you have found. Identifying your sources helps others find the records you used.
The citation for this collection can be found on the Collection Details Page in the section Citing this Collection.
When looking at a record, the citation can be viewed by clicking the drop-down arrow next to Document Information.
When looking at an image, the citation is found on the Information tab at the bottom left of the screen.