Huerfano County, Colorado Genealogy

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Huerfano Genealogy

Guide to Huerfano County, Colorado ancestry, genealogy and family history, birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.

County Facts
County seat: Walsenburg
Organized: 1 November 1861
Parent County(s): Original county[1]
Neighboring Counties
Alamosa  • Costilla  • Custer  • Las Animas  • Pueblo  • Saguache
See County Maps
Location Map
Colorado Huerfano County.png

County Information


The County was named for the Huerfano Butte, a local landmark. The County has Walsenburg as its seat and the County was created November 1, 1861. The County is located in the south central area of the state.[2]

County Courthouse

Huerfano County Courthouse
401 Main St #204
Walsenburg, CO 81089-2034
Phone: 719.738.2380
Huerfano County Website

County Clerk has marriage and land records;
Clerk District Court has divorce, probate and Court records[3]

Huerfano County, Colorado Record Dates

Information for this chart was taken from various sources, often containing conflicting dates. This information should be taken as a guide and should be verified by contacting the county and/or the state government agency.

Known Beginning Dates for Major Records[4]
Birth* Marriage Death* Court Land Probate Census
1907 1875 1902 1861 1861 1861 1860
Statewide registration for births in 1910 and deaths in 1910. General compliance by 1920.
Early death records are in the courthouse basement.[5]

Record Loss

There is no known history of courthouse disasters in this county.

Boundary Changes

  • Before 1861 this modern Colorado county was in New Mexico.
Look for pre-1861 records in New Mexico. For further explanation see Taos County.

Populated Places

For a complete list of populated places, including small neighborhoods and suburbs, visit Hometown Locator. The following are the most historically and genealogically relevant populated places in this county:[11]

Unincorporated communities
Ghost towns
  • Navajo Ranch

History Timeline


A multitude of resources on Huerfano county can be found at the Huerfano, Colorado Resources Page created by Karen Mitchell.

Bible Records


Business, Commerce, and Occupations


Cemeteries of Huerfano County, Colorado online and in print
Tombstone Transcriptions Online
Tombstone Transcriptions in Print (Often more complete)
List of Cemeteries in the County
See Colorado Cemeteries for more information


Census Records

In 1860, present-day Colorado was enumerated in the Kansas, Nebraska, New Mexico, and Utah Territories. Colorado Territory was created in 1861 and was enumerated as such in the 1870 Census. A state census was taken in 1885 for Colorado.[12] See links listed below.

Historical populations
Census Pop.  %±
1870 2,250
1880 4,124 83.3%
1890 6,882 66.9%
1900 8,395 22.0%
1910 13,320 58.7%
1920 16,879 26.7%
1930 17,062 1.1%
1940 16,088 −5.7%
1950 10,549 −34.4%
1960 7,867 −25.4%
1970 6,590 −16.2%
1980 6,440 −2.3%
1990 6,009 −6.7%
2000 7,862 30.8%
2010 6,711 −14.6%
Source: "".

State and Territory Census Records

Federal Census Records

The 1880 Census was the first Federal Census for Colorado after it became a state in 1876.[13] For links to Federal Census indexes, see Colorado Census.

  • 1860-1940 Colorado Census Records from 1860 to 1940 at — index/images

Church Records

Church records vary significantly depending on the denomination and the record keeper. They may contain information about members of the congregation, such as age, date of baptism, christening, or birth; marriage information and maiden names; and death date. For general information about Colorado denominations, view the Colorado Church Records wiki page.

Online Church Records
Presbyterian Church

Court Records

Numerous records are available at Colorado Archives. To use this link scroll down the page to where it asks for Record Type. Click there and scroll down the list to the records you want and select. The next field asks for county. Select the county you want and then click on Search. You can narrow the search by adding the additional information it asks for.


Emigration and Immigration

Ethnic, Political, and Religious Groups

Funeral Homes



Land and Property Records

Land and property records can place an ancestor in a particular location, provide economic information, and reveal family relationships. Land records include: deeds, abstracts and indexes, mortgages, leases, grants and land patents.

See Colorado Land and Property for additional information about early Colorado land grants.

After land was transferred to private ownership, subsequent transactions were usually recorded at the county courthouse, where current records are also housed.

Online Land Records

For more information see Colorado Land and Property

Local Histories

Online County Histories

Maps and Gazetteers

Saguhche CountyCuster CountyPueblo CountyLas Aminas CountyCostilla CountyAlamosa CountyCO HUERFANO.JPG
About this image
Click a neighboring county
for more resources


Military Records

Online Collections

These collections are unique to Colorado. You will find nationwide databases for military records on U.S. Military Online Genealogy Records and Colorado Military Records.

All Veterans

Civil War

Spanish-American War (1898)

World War I

Vietnam War

For further information see Colorado Military Records.

Naturalization and Citizenship

Online Records


For more information, see Colorado Newspapers.

Colorado Newspapers Online

Colorado Newspaper Catalogs

  • U.S. Newspaper Directory, 1690-Present on Chronicling America - contains a list of all known newspapers and the dates they cover; once you locate a newspaper name, contact the local library to see if they have copies of the newspaper


Abstracts of Obituaries in Pueblo, Huerfano, and Las Animas Counties can be found in the Tri-County Obituary Project

Other Records

Poor Records

1916-1923 Colorado State Archives has put the Huerfano County Poor Record Index on-line for 1916-1923.


Probate Records

Probate records have been kept by the county courts. Colorado probate records include bonds, affidavits, letters, claims, appraisals, fee accounts, minutes, judgments, dockets, calendars, case files, and wills. The Family History Library does not have copies of probate records from Colorado.

You may obtain copies of documents from the clerk's office in the county courthouse.

Online Records

School Records

Tax Records

Colorado tax records complement land records and can be used as supplements to censuses. There may be gaps of several years in the records. To find tax records in the FamilySearch Catalog, do a Place Search for the county.

Colorado State Archives has put the Huerfano County Inheritance Tax Records Index for 1910-1940 on-line.

Vital Records

Vital Records consist of births, adoptions, marriages, divorces, and deaths recorded on registers, certificates, and documents. A copy or an extract of most original records can be purchased from the Vital Records Section Colorado Department of Public Health and Environment or the County Clerk's office of the county where the event occurred.

For some online statewide indexes, see the FamilySearch Historical Record Collections for Colorado.

Colorado Vital Records Search


Birth records may become public records when 100 years have elapsed after the date of birth. EXCEPTION: The birth record of any individual who is known to be currently alive will remain confidential even if they are 100 years of age or greater. [14]


Online Records


Death records may become public records when 75 years have elapsed after the date of death. [14]


Online Records

Research Facilities


The Colorado State Archives has the following records available for Huerfano County, Colorado Genealogy in this online database Archives Search. For a full list of online holdings, click here.
1880-1939 Divorce Index
1883-1900 Mine Accidents, Non - fatal
1897-1920 Horseshoers
1936-1942 Civilian Conservation Corps Enrollments
1966-1968 Vietnam Deaths

1873 Huerfano County Tax List
1910-1946 Huerfano County Inheritance Tax
1913-1915, 1919 Huerfano County School Census
1916-1923 Huerfano County Poor Records

Family History Centers

Family History Centers provide one-on-one assistance and free access to premium genealogical websites. In addition, many centers have free how-to genealogy classes.


Spanish Peaks Library District
323 N Main Street
Walsenburg, CO 81089
Phone: (719) 738-2774
Spanish Peaks Library Dist. website

La Veta Regional Library District
310 South Main Street
La Veta, CO 81055
Phone: (719) 742-3572
La Veta Regional Library District website



Huerfano County Historical Society
PO Box 977
La Veta, CO 81055

Southeastern Colorado Genealogical Society
PO Box 1407
100 E. Abriendo
Pueblo, CO 81004-4290


Research Guides


  1. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. (Draper, UT: Everton Publishers, 2002).
  2. Genealogy Trails History Group, "Huerfano County, Colorado Genealogy and History", 6/29/2017.
  3. 3.0 3.1 Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), 99, Huerfano County, Colorado. At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  4. Alice Eichholz, ed. Ancestry’s Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources, Third ed. (Provo, Utah: Ancestry, 2004), 93; Colorado Office of the State Registrar of Vital Statistics.
  5. The Red Book, American State, County, and Town Sources. Edited by Alice Eichholz. (Ancestry, Provo; 3d ed, 2004.) Colorado article by Birdie Monk Holzclaw and Marsha Hoffman Rising. page 92.
  6. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. (Draper, UT: Everton Publishers, 2002).
  7. 7.0 7.1 William Thorndale and William Dollarhide, Map Guide to the U.S. Federal Censuses, 1790-1920 (Baltimore: Genealogical Publ., 1987), 52. At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 X2th.
  8. Brief County Histories (New Mexico) in RootsWeb (accessed 6 Feb 2019).
  9. Wikipedia contributors, "Colorado Territory" in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopeida at (accessed 19 June 2012).
  10. Adrian B. Ettlinger, AniMap 3.0 : with SiteFinder U.S. place name database (Alamo, Calif.: Gold Bug, 2008), Colorado 1861 map. At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL CD-ROM no. 4903.
  11. Wikipedia contributors, "Huerfano County, Colorado," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia,,_Colorado, accessed 28 May 2017.
  12. William Thorndale and William Dollarhide, Map Guide to the U.S. Federal Censuses (Bountiful, UT: American Genealogical Lending Library, 1985), page 51-54; Alice Eichholz, ‘’Ancestry’s Red Book: American State, County and Town Sources,’’ 3rd ed. (Salt Lake City: Ancestry, 2004), 86. Free online version; FHL Book 973 D27rb 2004; WorldCat entry.
  13. William Thorndale and William Dollarhide, Map Guide to the U.S. Federal Censuses (Bountiful, UT: American Genealogical Lending Library, 1985), page 54.
  14. 14.0 14.1 Letter from Colorado State Registrar, Dated September 1, 2011. Policy Number 2011- 08.