Holmes County, Mississippi Genealogy

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Holmes County

Guide to Holmes County, Mississippi ancestry, family history and genealogy birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.


Holmes County, Mississippi
Map of Mississippi highlighting Holmes County
Location in the state of Mississippi
Map of the U.S. highlighting Mississippi
Location of Mississippi in the U.S.
Founded 19 February, 1833
County Seat Lexington
Address Holmes County Courthouse
PO Box 239;
Lexington, MS 39095
Phone: 662.834.2281;
Holmes County Courthouse

County Information


The County was named for David Holmes. The County has Lexington as its seat and the County was created 1833. The County is located in the west central area of the state.[1]

Holmes County, Mississippi Record Dates

Beginning Dates for Holmes County, Mississippi Genealogy Government Records
Birth Marriage Death Census Land Probate



County Courthouse

Holmes County Courthouse
PO Box 239;
Lexington, MS 39095
Phone: 662.834.2281;

Clerk Chancery Court has divorce records from 1894, probate and land records from 1833 and burial records. Clerk Circuit Court has marriage and court records. [2]


Parent County

1833--Holmes County was created 19 February 1833 from Yazoo County.
County seat: Lexington [3] 

Boundary Changes

For animated maps illustrating Mississippi county boundary changes, "Rotating Formation Mississippi County Boundary Maps" (1785-1918) may be viewed for free at the MapofUS.org website.

Variant Spellings

Record Loss

1884--A courthouse fire destroyed many of the records, but the deeds were housed in a separate building and Will Book I was rescued.


Populated Places

Lexington is the county seat located in the center of the county. Lexington is also the largest city in Holmes county.

Cruger and Tchula are on western side of the state. Cruger is the northern most city in Holmes county. Tchula is on the western border of the county and is connected to Lexington via the Tchula/Lexington highway (modern day hwy 12).

The cities that border the eastern edge of the county from the north to the south are West, Durant, Goodman, and Pickens. These cities follow stops on the Illinois Central railroad line. Durant is connected to Lexington via the Durant/Lexington highway (modern day highway 12).

Census records often reference these highways located between cities according to the city from which you are traveling towards the county seat of Lexington.

The largest population growth occured between the 1870's during the post-civil war era and 1910. Railways were numerous in the cotton economy of the mississippi delta region.

Neighboring Counties

Genealogy Resources

Research Guides

African Americans

Bible Records


Tombstone Transcriptions Online Tombstone Transcriptions in Print List of Cemeteries in the county
Findagrave.com Family History Library Findagrave.com
Tombstone Project WorldCat Billion Graves
Billion Graves
See Mississippi Cemeteries for more information.


For tips on accessing Holmes County, Mississippi Genealogy census records online, see: Mississippi Census.

Church Records

Church records and the information they provide vary significantly depending on the denomination and the record keeper. They may contain information about members of the congregation, such as age, date of baptism, christening, or birth; marriage information and maiden names; and death date. For general information about Mississippi denominations, view the Mississippi Church Records wiki page.

The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints

230 Swan Drive, Greenwood, MS 38930-6929
(662) 453-2236



Land and Property

Land and property records can place an ancestor in a particular location, provide economic information, and reveal family relationships. Land records include: deeds, abstracts and indexes, mortgages, leases, grants and land patents.

See Mississippi Land and Property for additional information about early Mississippi land ownership. After land was transferred to private ownership, subsequent transactions were usually recorded at the county courthouse and where records are currently housed.

Local Histories

Local histories are available for Holmes County, Mississippi Genealogy. County histories may include biographies, church, school and government history, and military information. For more information about local histories see the wiki page section Mississippi Local Histories.


Leflore CountyCarroll CountyAttala CountyMadison CountyYazoo CountyHumphreys CountyMS HOLMES.PNG
About this image
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for more resources


Civil War

  • Men from Holmes County served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Listed below are companies that were specifically formed in Holmes County. 

    Holmes County, MSGenWeb site has rosters for the various companies.
- 1st Battalion, Mississippi Sharpshooters
Company B - Red Rebels
- 1st Regiment, Mississippi Light Artillery
Company D - Wofford’s Battery
- 3rd Regiment, Mississippi Cavalry
Company A - Kyle’s Company
- 4th Regiment, Mississippi Infantry
Company C - Red Invincibles
Company G - Nelson Grays
- 12th Regiment, Mississippi Infantry
Company F - Durant Rifles [also listed as Co. I]
World War I



Additional newspapers abstracts can sometimes be found using search phrases such as Holmes County, Mississippi Genealogy newspapers in online catalogs like:


Probate Records

Probate records are held by the Holmes County, Mississippi Genealogy Clerk of Court and are housed at the Holmes County, Mississippi Genealogy Courthouse. Microfilmed records can be found online at Mississippi Probate Records, 1781-1930. See the wiki page Mississippi Probate Records for information about how to use probate records.

Content: Probate Records may give the decedent's date of death, names of his or her spouse, children, parents, siblings, in-laws, neighbors, associates, relatives, and their place of residence.

Record types: Wills, estates, guardianships, naturalizations, and adoptions.

Online Records


Mississippi tax records replace missing censuses and provide lists of residents during years between censuses. There may be gaps of several years. For more information, see Mississippi Taxation.

Vital Records

Vital Records consist of births, adoptions, marriages, divorces, and deaths recorded on registers, certificates, and documents. Mississippi law did not require keeping birth or death records until 1912. Births and deaths are kept by the Mississippi Bureau of Vital Statistics. Marriage records are kept by the county. See also How to order Mississippi Vital Records or order electronically online.

See Mississippi Vital Records for more information on getting Mississippi records.

Vital Record Substitutes

Genealogy Societies and Libraries

See also a List of Mississippi Archives, Libraries, Publications, Historical & Genealogical Societies

Family History Centers

Family history centers provide one-on-one assistance and free access to premium genealogical websites. In addition, many centers have free how-to genealogy classes. See family history center for more information. Search the online FHC directory for a nearby family history center.



  1. Wikipedia contributors, "Holmes, Mississippi," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia, "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Holmes_County,_Mississippi."
  2. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Holmes County, Mississippi page 379, At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  3. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. (Draper, UT:Everton Publishers, 2002).
  4. Genealogical Society of Utah, Parish and Vital Records List (July 1998). Microfiche. Digital version at https://www.familysearch.org/learn/wiki/en/images/c/ce/Igimississippia.pdf.