To request editing rights on the Wiki, click here.

Help:Wiki University Wikitext--Div Tag - Introduction

From FamilySearch Wiki
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Lessons


Intermediate


Advanced


Flexbox


Additional Helps

Paragraph tags are not Wikitext[edit | edit source]

  • Up to this point, we have been showing you how to deal with paragraphs using the paragraph tags <p>Lorem ipsum …..</p>.
  • These paragraph tags are not really Wikitext coding.
  • They are actually HTML coding.
  • We have brought up paragraph tags because they are used so often in the FamilySearch Wiki and you need to know how to handle them.
  • As stated previously, there is no Wikitext equivalent to a paragraph tag. Text can be placed on pages without any tags at all. But to separate them you have to use line break tags <br>.
  • However, you cannot add attributes to line break tags.
  • All you will have is black text on a white background just as you see in any book. So if you want to change anything in a paragraph, you need to use a paragraph tag or something equivalent.

We are now going to talk about an equivalent tag.

Div tags[edit | edit source]

<div>
  • They are also HTML coding.
  • Use div tags if you want to have the paragraphs right next to each other with no spaces between but still have the ability to add attributes to them.
  • Let us introduce you to a new tag which is used far more than paragraph tags and the real workhorse of the Wiki.
  • It is the <div> tag commonly referred to as a “div tag”.
  • The “div” stands for “division” and means a division or part of a page.
  • It works just a like a paragraph tag but does not have any built in spacing.


Div tags are containers[edit | edit source]

  • Div tags can be looked upon as containers.
  • Whatever attributes are applied between the opening <div> and closing </div> div tag will not affect the other parts of the page.
  • The paragraph acts the same way.
  • You can compare div tags to a box of bottles. You can rearrange bottles in a box but it will not affect bottles in other boxes.

How div tags affect paragraphs[edit | edit source]

  • So let's put two paragraphs on a page using div tags with different background colors and see how they appear on the page:
Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Donec sit amet iaculis metus. Pellentesque habitant morbi tristique senectus et netus et malesuada fames ac turpis egestas. Fusce elementum efficitur faucibus. Curabitur eleifend quis ligula ac ullamcorper. Curabitur eget suscipit turpis.
Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Donec sit amet iaculis metus. Pellentesque habitant morbi tristique senectus et netus et malesuada fames ac turpis egestas. Fusce elementum efficitur faucibus. Curabitur eleifend quis ligula ac ullamcorper. Curabitur eget suscipit turpis.

  • Here is the coding:

<div style="background-color:lightgreen">Lorem ipsum ...</div>

<div style="background-color:lightgray">Lorem ipsum ....</div>

  • NOTICE that the borders of the backgrounds are touching.

In the next chapter we will talk about how to separate them.

Html7.jpg

You can apply all the attributes we have learned so far in div tags.

Try these out[edit | edit source]

Tests.gif
Exercises
  • Copy and paste our lorem ipsum paragraphs twice with the first one with a background color of "moccasin" and the second one with a color "crimson," both with a padding of 20 pixels, but using div tags instead of paragraph tags:


Quick Quiz
  • The div tag and paragraph tag function the same way.
A. True
B. False
  • The attributes work the same way in the div tag as in the paragraph tag
A. True
B. False
  • Div tags put spaces between paragraphs
A. True
B. False