Guilford County, North Carolina Genealogy

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United States
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Guilford County

Guide to Guilford County, North Carolina ancestry, family history, and genealogy birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.


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Guilford County, North Carolina
Map
Map of North Carolina highlighting Guilford County
Location in the state of North Carolina
Map of the U.S. highlighting North Carolina
Location of North Carolina in the U.S.
Facts
Founded December 5, 1770
County Seat Greensboro
Courthouse
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County Courthouse

Beginning Dates for Guilford County, North Carolina Genealogy Government Records
Birth
Marriage
Death
Census
Deeds
Wills
1800
1741
1906
1794

1771

1771

Guilford County Courthouse
201 S Eugene St
PO Box 3427
Greensboro, NC 27402
Phone: 336-641-7556

Courthouse Burned 1872. Many older records are still avialable.[1] See Record Loss section below

Register of Deeds
Register of Deeds has birth and death records from 1913. The office also has a limited list of slave deeds, available online at Guilford County Register of Deeds

Offices for the Register of Deeds in Guilford County are located in the county seat in of Greensboro, and in High Point.

Greensboro
Mail:
Register of Deeds
PO Box 3427
Greensboro, NC 27403
Telephone: 336-641-7556
Visit:
2nd floor of the BB&T building
201 West Market Street
Greensboro, NC 27401

High Point
Mail:
Register of Deeds
PO Box 1467
High Point, NC 27761
Telephone: 336-641-7556
Visit:
325 East Russell Avenue, Room 155
High Point, NC 27260

Email: guilforddeeds@myguilford.com

Hours: 8-5 Monday through Friday for both locations. Closed on all major holidays.


Clerk of Superior Court
PO Box 3008
Greensboro, NC 27402-3008
Telephone: (336) 412-7400

For Divorce Records, contact the Clerk of the Superior Court.

North Carolina Vital Records

Mail:
North Carolina Vital Records
1903 Mail Service Center
Raleigh, NC 27699

Visit:
North Carolina Vital Records - Cooper Memorial Health Building
225 N. McDowell Street
Raleigh, NC 27603
Telephone: 919-733-3000
Fax: 919-733-1511

Hours: 8-3 Monday through Friday.

History

Parent County

1770--Guilford County was created 5 December 1770 from Orange and Rowan Counties, but it did not start administration of its territory until 1 April 1771, so no Guilford records exist before that date.

County seat: Greensboro [2]

Boundary Changes

The law creating Guilford County was passed in 1770, and the county started administration of its territory on April 1, 1771. Any land records prior to that time will be in the records of other counties. Approximately, the western two-thirds of the county came from Rowan County, and the eastern one-third came from Orange County. Rowan was created in 1753 from Anson County, and Orange was created in 1752 from parts of Johnston, Bladen, and Granville counties.

"Old Guilford County" was three times larger than present-day Guilford County, since Randolph County was created from the southern third of Guilford in 1779, and Rockingham County was created from the northern third of Old Guilford in 1785.

For animated maps illustrating North Carolina county boundary changes, "Rotating Formation North Carolina County Boundary Maps" (1664-1965) may be viewed for free at the MapofUS.org website.

Record Loss

1781 - Fire burned courthouse
1872 - Courthouse fire resulted in some loss of records.

For suggestions about research in places that suffered historic record losses, see:

Places/Localities

Major Cities

  • Archdale (part)
  • Gibsonville (part)
  • Greensboro (Wikipedia link)
  • High Point
  • Jamestown
  • Julian
  • Kernersville (part)
  • Oak Ridge
  • Pleasant Garden
  • Sedalia
  • Stokesdale
  • Summerfield
  • Whitsett

Townships

  • Brownsummit
  • Bruce
  • Center Grove
  • Clay
  • Climax
  • Colfax
  • Deep River
  • Fentress
  • Forest Oaks
  • Fork
  • Friendship
  • Gilmer
  • Green
  • Jefferson
  • Madison
  • McLeansville
  • Monroe
  • Monticello
  • Morehead
  • Rock Creek
  • Sedgefield
  • Sumner
  • Vandalia
  • Washington


Neighboring Counties

Resources

Ncguilford.png

African American

  • AAHGS-Afro-American Historical & Genealogical Society

They have a local chapter for the North Carolina Piedmont/Triad. They have bi-monthly meetings. You can find out more information and a list of upcoming meetings on their website at: ncaahgs.org

The center has a permanent exhibit and has several other special exhibits, events, and speakers. A list of special events, hours, and admission prices can found on their website at: www.sitinmovement.org

  • North Carolina Agriculture & Technical State University

Cemeteries 

Tombstone Transcriptions Online Tombstone Transcriptions in Print List of Cemeteries in the county
Findagrave.com Family History Library Findagrave.com
NCGenWeb WorldCat Billion Graves
NCGenWeb Archives
Tombstone Project
North Carolina Cemeteries
Billion Graves
See North Carolina Cemeteries for more information.

Census

For tips on accessing Guilford County, North Carolina Genealogy census records online, see: North Carolina Census.

Church Records

Baptist
  • Caraway Creek. Founded before 1773.[3]
  • Cross Roads. Constituted 1786.[3]
  • Sandy Creek. Founded 1755.[3][4] Later located in Randolph County.
The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints

LDS Ward and Branch Records

  • Greensboro
German Reformed
  • Old Brick Church, near Whitsett, N.C. Organized late 1700s.[5]
Lutheran
  • Friedens Church, near Gibsonville, N.C. Organized before 1791.[6]
  • Low's Lutheran Church, near Kimesville, N.C. Organized about 1771.[7]
Presbyterian
  • Alamance Church, near Greensboro, N.C. Organized about 1764.[8]
  • Buffalo Church, Greensboro, N.C. Organized about 1764.[9]

Court

Land

The deed books are online! http://rdlxweb.co.guilford.nc.us/guilfordNameSearch.php Click on Old Index Books to find the indices. 

Local Histories

  • Arnett, Ethel Stephens, Greensboro, North Carolina: The County Seat of Guilford, Chapel Hill, North Carolina: University of North Carolina Press, 1955, 1983 (excerpt) (Google Books link)
  • Arnett, Ethel Stephens, The Saura and Keyauwee in the Land that Became Guilfod, Randolph, and Rockingham, Greensboro, North Carolina: Media, 1975.
  • Batchelor, John, The Guilford County Schools: A History, Winston-Salem, North Carolina: John F. Blair, 1991.
  • Bowles, David, Spring House (Book 1 in the Westward Sagas), Plum Creek Press, 2006.
  • Greensboro Business Directory, 1886 (GenWeb Archives)
  • Guilford County Bicentennial Commission, Guilford County, a Brief History, Greensboro, North Carolina: Guilford County Bicentennial Commission, 1971.
  • Guilford County, NC GenWeb Local History (includes links to book excerpts)
  • Hatch, Charles E., Jr., The Battle of Guilford Courthouse, Washington, D.C.: National Park Service, 1971.
  • Haworth, Cecil E., Deep River Friends: A Valiant People, Greensboro, North Carolina: North Carolina Friends Historical Society, 1985.
  • Haworth, Sara A., Springfield, 1773-1940: A History of the Establishment and Growth of the Springfield Monthly Meeting of Friends, High Point, North Carolina: Barber-Hall Printing Company, 1940.
  • High Point Business Directory, 1886 (GenWeb Archives)
  • Hill, Jane Smith, An Annotated Digest of Will Book A, Guilford County, North Carolina, 1771-May Court 1816, Heritage Books, 2007. (Google Books link)
  • Hughes, Fred, Guilford County: A Map Supplement, The Custom House, 1988. (excerpt)
  • Jordan, Pauls Stahls, Women of Guilford County, North Carolina: A Study of Women's Contributions, 1740-1979, Greensboro, North Carolina: Women of Guilford, 1979. (Google Books link)
  • Kars, Marjoleine, Breaking Loose Together: The Regulator Rebellion in Pre-Revolutionary North Carolina.
  • Pegg, William Wesley, Sr., Something of the Story of Deep River, Greensboro, North Carolina: Self-published, 1980.
  • Robinson, Blackwell P., and Alexander R. Stoesen, ed. by Sydney M. Cone, Jr., The History of Guilford County, North Carolina, U.S.A. to 1980, A.D., 1981.
  • Salsi, Lynn, and Burke Salsi, Guilford County: Heart of the Piedmont (The Making of America series), Arcadia Publishing, 2002. (Google Books link)
  • Scarlette, Gladys, Summerfield, North Carolina: A Pictorial History, Greensboro, North Carolina: Younts, 1995.
  • Sharpe, Stella Gentry, Tobe, Chapel Hill, North Carolina: University of North Carolina Press, 1939.
  • Sloan, John Alexander, Reminiscences of the Guilford Grays, Co. B, 27th N.C. Regiment, Washington, D.C.: R.C. Polkinhorn, 1883.
  • Stockard, Sallie Walker, The History of Guilford County, North Carolina, 1902 (complete text in Google Books) (complete text in Internet Archive)
  • Stoesen, Alexander R., Guilford County: A Brief History, 2000 (Google Books link) (NC Office of Archives & History Publications Shop)
  • Teague, Bobbie T., Cane Creek: Mother of Meetings, North Carolina Friends Historical Society, 1995.
  • Weatherly, Andrew Earl, The First Hundred Years of Historic Guilford, 1771-1871, Greensboro, North Carolina: Greensboro Print Company, 1972.
  • Zopf, Paul E., The People of Guilford: Growth and Changes in the Population of Guilford County, Greensboro, North Carolina: Chamber of Commerce, 1972.

Maps

Military

Revolutionary War
Civil War

Online Records

Other Resources

  • Moore, Carol. Greensboro's Confederate Soldiers (Images of America series). Charleston, SC: Arcadia Publishing, 2008. | Google Books page (limited preview)

Regiments. Service men in Guilford County, North Carolina Genealogy served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Listed below are companies that were specifically formed in Guilford County, North Carolina Genealogy:

-2nd Regiment, North Carolina Infantry
- 2nd Regiment, North Carolina Cavalry, Company F
- 2nd Regiment, North Carolina Infantry, 2nd Company E
- 4th Battalion, North Carolina Junior Reserves, Company A
- 5th Regiment, North Carolina Cavalry (63rd Regiment Volunteers), Company I
- 5th Regiment, North Carolina Cavalry (63rd Regiment Volunteers), Company K
- 7th Regiment, North Carolina Senior Reserves, Captain George F Fisher's Company
- 7th Regiment, North Carolina Senior Reserves, Company C
- 7th Regiment, North Carolina Senior Reserves, Company D
World War I
World War II

Newspapers

Probate

Online Probate Records

Taxation

Vital Records

Births
Death
Divorce
Marriages

Yearbooks

Societies and Libraries 

Guilford County Genealogical Society
PO Box 4713, Dept. W
Greensboro, NC 27404-4713
Website

Guilford County Genealogical Society
PO. Box 9693
Greensboro 27429-0693
Website


Family History Centers

Family history centers provide one-on-one assistance and free access to premium genealogical websites. In addition, many centers have free how-to genealogy classes. See family history center for more information. Search the online FHC directory for a nearby family history center.

Websites

References

  1. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Guilford County, North Carolina. Page 509 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  2. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. (Draper, UT:Everton Publishers, 2002).
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 George Washington Paschal, History of North Carolina Baptists, 2 vols. (1930; reprint, Gallatin, Tenn.: Church History Research and Archives, 1990), 1:227-228, 230; 2:564. FHL Book 975.6 K2p 1990.
  4. "Sandy Creek Baptist Church," North Carolina Highway Historical Marker Program, http://www.ncmarkers.com/, accessed 22 October 2012.
  5. "Old Brick Church," North Carolina Highway Historical Marker Program, http://www.ncmarkers.com, accessed 22 October 2012.
  6. "Friedens Church," North Carolina Highway Historical Marker Program, http://www.ncmarkers.com, accessed 22 October 2012.
  7. "Low's Lutheran Church," North Carolina Highway Historical Marker Program, http://www.ncmarkers.com, accessed 22 October 2012.
  8. "Alamance Church," North Carolina Highway Historical Marker Program, http://www.ncmarkers.com, accessed 22 October 2012.
  9. "Buffalo Church," North Carolina Highway Historical Marker Program, http://www.ncmarkers.com, accessed 22 October 2012.
  10. Genealogical Society of Utah, Parish and Vital Records List (July 1998). Microfiche. Digital version at https://www.familysearch.org/learn*1763-1868 - [https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/2524877 North Carolina, Civil Marriages, 1763-1868] at [https://www.familysearch.org/search FamilySearch] — index and images/wiki/en/images/9/91/Iginorthcarolinag.pdf.