Guernsey County, Ohio Genealogy

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Guide to Guernsey County, Ohio ancestry, family history, and genealogy birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.

Guernsey County, Ohio
Map of Ohio highlighting Guernsey County
Location in the state of Ohio
Map of the U.S. highlighting Ohio
Location of Ohio in the U.S.
Address Guernsey County
Administration Building
801 E. Wheeling Ave
Cambridge, Ohio 43725
Guernsey County Website

Guernsey County, Ohio Record Dates[edit | edit source]

Known Beginning Dates for Major County Records[1]
Birth* Marriage Death* Court Land Probate Census
1867 1810 1867 1810 1802 1812 1820
Statewide registration for births and deaths started in 1908. General compliance year is unknown.
  • Parent Counties: Formed from Belmont and Muskingum Counties 31 January 1810.[2]
  • County Seat: Cambridge

Description[edit | edit source]

The county was named for the Isle of Guernsey in the English Channel, where many of the county's early settlers came from. It's county seat is Cambridge and was founded January 31, 1810. It is located in the South-eastern area of the state.[3]

Places/Localities[edit | edit source]

Populated Places[edit | edit source]

For a complete list of populated places, including small neighborhoods and suburbs, visit Hometown Locator. The following are the most historically and genealogically relevant populated places in this county: [4]

Unincorporated communities
Census-designated places

Neighboring Counties[edit | edit source]

Tuscarawas County  • Harrison County  • Belmont County  • Noble County  • Muskingum County  • Coshocton County

Boundary Changes[edit | edit source]

For animated maps illustrating Ohio county boundary changes, "Rotating Formation Ohio County Boundary Maps" (1788-1888) may be viewed for free at the website.

Record Loss[edit | edit source]

There is no known history of courthouse disasters in this county.

Resources[edit | edit source]

Bible Records[edit | edit source]

For an extensive list of resources for Bible Records see Ohio Bible Records.

Biography[edit | edit source]

There is a list of biographies and biographical sketches on the Family History Library CATALOG. Some of the books have digital versions and some are on film. Films may be able to be viewed at the local FamilySearch Center.

Business Records and Commerce[edit | edit source]

Family History Library CATALOG lists a book about peddlers licences and fees on film that can be ordered online and viewed at the local FamilySearch Center. Other records may be added in the future.

Cemeteries[edit | edit source]

Cemetery records often reveal birth, marriage, death, relationship, military, and religious information.

Online Grave Transcripts Published Grave Transcripts County Cemetery Directories

Family History Library


Names in Stone

USGW Tombstones

Billion Graves

Billion Graves
OHGenWeb Tombstone Photos

Ohio Gravestones

See Ohio Cemeteries for more information.

Census[edit | edit source]

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1810 3,051
1820 9,292 204.6%
1830 18,036 94.1%
1840 27,748 53.8%
1850 30,438 9.7%
1860 24,474 −19.6%
1870 23,838 −2.6%
1880 27,197 14.1%
1890 28,645 5.3%
1900 34,425 20.2%
1910 42,716 24.1%
1920 45,352 6.2%
1930 41,486 −8.5%
1940 38,822 −6.4%
1950 38,452 −1.0%
1960 38,579 0.3%
1970 37,665 −2.4%
1980 42,024 11.6%
1990 39,024 −7.1%
2000 40,792 4.5%
2010 40,087 −1.7%
Source: "".

Family History Library CATALOG 1850

Family History Library CATALOG 1880 Index

Family History Library CATALOG 1900 Index

Family History Library CATALOG 1910 Index

Church Records[edit | edit source]

Church records and the information they provide vary significantly depending on the denomination and the record keeper. They may contain information about members of the congregation, such as age, date of baptism, christening, or birth; marriage information and maiden names; and death date. For general information about Ohio denominations, see Ohio Church Records.

FamilySearch Catalog Church History

FamilySearch Catalog Church Records

Court Records[edit | edit source]

Family History Library CATALOG

Emigration and Immigration[edit | edit source]

Ethnic, Political, or Religious Groups[edit | edit source]

African American

Snider, Wayne L. Guernsey County's Black Pioneers, patriots, and Persons. - Columbus : Ohio Historical Society, 1979. FHL 977.192 F2s

Family History Library CATALOGBlack Pioneers

Gazetteers[edit | edit source]

Genealogy[edit | edit source]

Family History Library CATALOG Genealogies

Family History Library CATALOG Indexes

Family History Library CATALOG Societies

Family History Library CATALOG Societies - Indexes

Family History Library CATALOG Societies - Periodicals

Guardianship[edit | edit source]

Family History Library CATALOG

History[edit | edit source]

Local histories are available for Guernsey County, Ohio Genealogy. County histories may include biographies, church, school and government history, and military information. For more information about local histories, see the wiki page section Ohio Local Histories.

Local Histories[edit | edit source]

Land and Property[edit | edit source]

Land and property records can place an ancestor in a particular location, provide economic information, and reveal family relationships. Land records include: deeds, abstracts and indexes, mortgages, leases, grants and land patents.

See Ohio Land and Property for additional information about early Ohio land grants. After land was transferred to private ownership, subsequent transactions were usually recorded at the county courthouse and where records are currently housed. Family History Library CATALOG

Land and Property - Maps

Maps[edit | edit source]

Coshocton CountyTuscarawas CountyHarrison CountyBelmont CountyMuskingum CountyNoble CountyOH GUERNSEY.PNG
Click a neighboring county
for more resources

Family History Library CATALOG

Military[edit | edit source]

Civil War[edit | edit source]

Civil War service men from Guernsey County served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Listed below are companies that were specifically formed in Guernsey County.

- 1st Regiment, Ohio Cavalry, Company B, also known as "Laughlin's Cavalry"
- 97th Regiment, Ohio Infantry, Companies A and B

Family History Library CATALOG

Family History Library CATALOG Civil War

World War I[edit | edit source]
World War II[edit | edit source]

Naturalization and Citizenship[edit | edit source]

Family History Library CATALOG

Newspapers[edit | edit source]

Guernsey County, Ohio Genealogy newspapers may contain genealogical value including obituaries, births, marriages, deaths, anniversaries, family gatherings, family travel, achievements, business notices, engagement information, and probate court proceedings.

To access newspapers, contact public libraries, Ohio Genealogical Society chapters, college or university libraries, the Library of Congress, Google News, or the Ohio Memory. The Ohio Genealogical Society Obituary Database is another source of newspaper information.

For more Ohio newspaper information see the Newspaper Guides on the wiki page Ohio Newspapers. Online Newspapers
Online Newspaper Abstracts

  • various years - Newspaper articles Clippings, articles and stories of Guernesy County. Courtesy OhioGenWeb

Newspaper Extracts and Abstracts in Book Form

Family History Library CATALOG Indexes

Obituaries[edit | edit source]

Pensions[edit | edit source]

Family History Library CATALOG

Periodicals[edit | edit source]

Probate[edit | edit source]

From 1797 or the creation of the county, probate records were held by the Court of Common Pleas. After 1852, records are held by the {{{1}}} County Probate Court. Records include wills, estates, guardianships, naturalizations, marriage, adoption, and birth and death records (1867-1908 only). The records may give the decedent's date of death, name of spouse, children, parents, siblings, in-laws, neighbors, associates, relatives, and their place of residence.

See Ohio Probate Records for information about how to use probate records. Online Probate Indexes and Records

Family History Library CATALOG

Family History Library CATALOG Indexes

Finding More Probate Records[edit source]

Additional probate records can sometimes be found using search phrases such as Guernsey County, Ohio Genealogy Probate Records in online catalogs like:

Repositories[edit | edit source]

Courthouse[edit | edit source]

Guernsey County Courhouse
801 Wheeling Avenue
Cambridge, OH 43725-2335
Phone: 740.432.9230 

Clerk Court has divorce records from 1850 and court records
from 1810; Probate Judge has birth, marriage, and probate
records;  County Recorder has land records City-County Health
Department has death records[5]

Family History Centers[edit | edit source]

Family History Centers provide one-on-one assistance, free access to center-only databases, and to premium genealogical websites.
FamilySearch Affiliate Libraries have access to most center-only databases, but may not always have full services normally provided by a family history center.

Local Centers and Affiliate Libraries

Zanesville Ohio Family History Center

For additional nearby Family History Centers, search online in the FHC directory. Put your town name in the top search box.

Libraries[edit | edit source]
Museums[edit | edit source]
Societies[edit | edit source]
Online Genealogy Research Groups[edit | edit source]

Taxation[edit | edit source]

Family History Library CATALOG Finding More Tax Records

Additional tax records can sometimes be found using search phrases such as Guernsey County, Ohio Genealogy Tax Records in online catalogs like:

Vital Records[edit | edit source]

Vital records consist of birth, death, marriage and divorce records. Marriages were usually recorded from the formation of the county and are held at the office of the County Probate Court. Divorce records are located with the county Clerk of Courts.

Any existing birth and death records from 1867 through December 19, 1908 are located at the County Probate Court. The Ohio Department of Health has birth records filed after December 20, 1908 and death records filed after January 1, 1954, while the Ohio History Connection houses death records from December 20, 1908 through December 31, 1953.

Birth[edit | edit source]

Online Birth Indexes and Records

Original Birth Records on Microfilm

Marriage[edit | edit source]

Online Marriage Indexes and Records

Original Marriage Records on Microfilm

Death[edit | edit source]

Online Death Indexes and Records

Finding More Vital Records

Additional vital records can sometimes be found using search phrases such as Guernsey County, Ohio Genealogy Vital Records in online catalogs like:

Original Death Records on Microfilm

Divorce[edit | edit source]

Websites[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Guernsey County, Ohio. Page 540-547 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002; Alice Eichholz, ed. Ancestry’s Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources, Third ed. (Provo, Utah: Ancestry, 2004), 531-533.
  2. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), [FHL book 973 D27e 2002].
  3. accessed 2/16/2017
  4. Wikipedia contributors, "Guernsey County, Ohio," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia,,_Ohio, accessed 11 December 2018.
  5. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Guernsey County, Ohio. Page 542 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.