Grayson County, Virginia Genealogy

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Grayson County

Guide to Grayson County, Virginia ancestry, family history, and genealogy. Birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, immigration records, and military records.


Grayson County, Virginia
Boundary map of Grayson County, Virginia
Map of Virginia highlighting Grayson County
Location in the state of Virginia
Map of the U.S. highlighting Virginia
Location of Virginia in the U.S.
Founded 1792
County Seat Independence

County Information


Grayson County is located in the Southwestern portion of the Commonwealth of Virginia sharing a border with North Carolina. Grayson County was named for William Grayson one of Virginia’s first two senators, and was formed in 1793. Independence is the County seat[1].

Grayson County Virginia Courthouse

Grayson County Courthouse
P.O. Box 130
129 Davis Street
Independence, Virginia 24348-0130
Phone: 276-773-2231

Clerk Circuit Court has marriage, divorce, probate, court
and land records from 1793[2]

Beginning Dates for Grayson County, Virginia Genealogy Government Records
Birth Marriage Death Census Land Probate
1853 1793 1853 1820 1793 1796

Grayson County Virginia History

Parent County

1792--Grayson County was created 7 November 1792 from Wythe and Patrick Counties.
County seat: Independence [2]

Boundary Changes

For animated maps illustrating Virginia county boundary changes, "Rotating Formation Virginia County Boundary Maps" (1617-1995) may be viewed for free at the website.

Record Loss

There is no known history of courthouse disasters in this county.

  • Lost censuses: 1800, 1810, 1890

Grayson County Virginia Places/Localities

Populated Places

Neighboring Counties

Grayson County Virginia Genealogy Resources

Research Guides

  • "A Guide to the Counties of Virginia: Grayson County," The Virginia Genealogist, Vol. 11, No. 4 (Oct.-Dec. 1967):157-159. Available at FHL; digital version at American Ancestors ($).

African American

Bible Records

Images of the Virginia Historical Society's family Bible collection have been digitized:

Additional Bible records include:


Tombstone Transcriptions Online Tombstone Transcriptions in Print List of Cemeteries in the county Family History Library
VAGenWeb WorldCat Billion Graves
VAGenWeb Archives
Tombstone Project
Billion Graves
See Virginia Cemeteries for more information.


For tips on accessing Grayson County, Virginia Genealogy census records online, see: Virginia Census.

Historical populations
Census Pop.

1800 - Lost, but a substitute is available, see Taxation.

1810 - Lost, but a substitute is available, see Taxation.


  • Douthat, James L. 1840 Mountain Empire of Virginia Census. Signal Mountain, Tenn.: Mountain Press, 2001. FHL Collection 975.5 X2d 1840. Free online surname index and purchase details at Mountain Press website. [Includes Grayson County.]

1890 Union Veterans

Church Records


Early Baptist churches (with years constituted):

  1. Cedar Island or Fox Creek (1782)[3]
  2. Meadow Creek (1797).[3] A list of new members (1840) was published in Glimpses of Grayson, Vol. 7, No. 3 (Dec. 1985).
  3. N. Fork of New River (1796)[3]

Grayson County fell within the bounds of the Holston and Mountain Associations.


Early monthly meetings (with years of existence):

  • Chestnut Creek Monthly Meeting (1785-1841)[4]
  • Fruit Hill Monthly Meeting (1790-1814)[4]
  • Mount Pleasant Monthly Meeting (1790-1825, 1980s)[4]



More than 25 genealogies have been published about Grayson County families. To view a list, visit Grayson County, Virginia Compiled Genealogies.


During the War of 1812, American officials reported finding a total of 1 British alien living in Grayson County.[5]

Land and Property

Local Histories


Grayson County


Revolutionary War
  • Kegley, Mary B. Revolutionary War Pension Applications of Southwest Virginia Soldiers. n.p.: M.B. Kegley, 1997. Available at FHL. [Includes Grayson County pensioners.]
  • A Census of Pensioners for Revolutionary or Military Services: With their Names, Ages, and Places of Residence, as Returned by the Marshalls of the Several Judicial Districts, Under the Act for Taking the Sixth Census]. 1841. Digital versions at U.S. Census Bureau and Google Books et. al. 1967 reprint: FHL Collection 973 X2pc 1840. [See Virginia, Western District, Grayson County on page 134.]
  • Rejected or Suspended Applications for Revolutionary War Pensions. Washington, D.C., 1852. Reprinted by Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., 1969, and 1991. Reprints include "an Added Index to States." FHL Book 973 M24ur; digital version at Ancestry ($). [Includes veterans from this county; Virginia section begins on page 238.]
War of 1812

Grayson County, Virginia in the War of 1812

Grayson County men served in the 78th Regiment.[6]

  • List of Pensioners on the Roll, January 1, 1883; Giving the Name of Each Pensioner, the Cause for Why Pensioned, the Post-Office Address, the Rate of Pension Per Month, and the Date of Original Allowance... Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1883. FHL Collection 973 M2Lp v. 5; digital versions at Google Books and Internet Archive. [See Vol. 5, Virginia, Grayson County, p. 82. Identifies War of 1812 veterans living in this county in 1883.]
Civil War

Regiments. Service men in Grayson County, Virginia Genealogy served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Listed below are companies that were specifically formed in Grayson County, Virginia Genealogy:

- 4th Regiment, Virginia Infantry (Confederate). Company F (Grayson Dare Devils).[7]
- 4th Regiment, Virginia State Line (Cavalry and Infantry) (Confederate). Companies B and D.[8]
- 8th Regiment, Virginia Cavalry (Confederate). Company C (Grayson Cavalry)[9]
- 22nd Regiment, Virginia Cavalry (Bowen's Virginia Mounted Riflemen) (Confederate). Company G.
- 37th Battalion, Virginia Cavalry (Dunn's Battalion, Partisan Rangers) (Confederate). Company D and Company I.[10]
- 45th Regiment, Virginia Infantry (Confederate). Company C (Grayson Rifles).[11]
- 50th Regiment, Virginia Infantry (Confederate). Company D (Wilson Rifles) (Grayson Hornets).[12]
- 51st Regiment, Virginia Infantry (Confederate). Companies A and D.[13]
- 63rd Regiment, Virginia Infantry (McMahon's) (Confederate). Companies C and G.[14]

Records and histories are available, including:

Miscellaneous Records



The Virginia Newspapers Project identifies local Grayson County, Virginia Genealogy newspapers.

Professor Tom Costa and The Rector and Visitors of the University of Virginia have created a database of all runaway advertisements for slaves, indentured servants, transported convicts, and ship deserters listed in the Virginia Gazette and other Virginia newspapers (1736-1803), see: The Geography of Slavery in Virginia.

Probate Records

A free index to Grayson County, Virginia Genealogy wills and administrations (1796-1800) is available at the Library of Virginia website.

Online Probate Records


How can Virginia tax lists help me?

Vital Records

Indexes to Grayson County, Virginia Genealogy births, marriages, and deaths are available online. These collections are incomplete, but are easy to search. Most records can also be ordered electronically online as well. Courtesy: FamilySearch - free. See also How to order Virginia Vital Records

  • 1853-1870 - Grayson County Birth Index 1853-1870. Batch C868753 at FamilySearch - free.[15]
  • 1793-1906 - Grayson County Marriage Index 1793-1906. Batch M868753 at FamilySearch - free.
  • 1853-1870 - Grayson County Death Index 1853-1870. Batch B868753 at FamilySearch - free.
Vital Record Substitutes

Grayson County Virginia Genealogy Societies and Libraries

Family History Centers

Family history centers provide one-on-one assistance and free access to premium genealogical websites. In addition, many centers have free how-to genealogy classes. See family history center for more information. Search the online FHC directory for a nearby family history center.

Grayson County Virginia Genealogy Websites

Grayson County Virginia Genealogy References

  2. 2.0 2.1 Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Grayson County, Virginia. Page 714 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 Robert Baylor Semple and George William Beale, A History of the Rise and Progress of the Baptists in Virginia (Pitt and Dickinson, 1894), 358-359. Digital version at Google Books.
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 Jay Worrall, The Friendly Virginians: America's First Quakers (Athens, Ga.: Iberian Publishing Company, 1994), 537-539. FHL Book 975.5 K2wj.
  5. Kenneth Scott, British Aliens in the United States During the War of 1812 (Baltimore, Md.: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1979), 320-333. FHL Book 973 W4s; digital version at Ancestry ($).
  6. Stuart Lee Butler, A Guide to Virginia Militia Units in the War of 1812 (Athens, Ga.: Iberian Pub. Co., 1988), 95. FHL Book 975.5 M2bs.
  7. James I. Robertson, 4th Virginia Infantry (Lynchburg, Va.: H.F. Howard, 1982). FHL Book 975.5 M2vr v. 1.
  8. The Virginia State Line: Organizational Structure of the Virginia State Line,, accessed 11 June 2012.
  9. Jack L. Dickinson, 8th Virginia Cavalry (Lynchburg, Va.: H.E. Howard, 1986). FHL Book 975.5 M2vr v. 25.
  10. J.L. Scott, 36th and 37th Battalions Virginia Cavalry (Lynchburg, Va.: H.E. Howard, 1986). FHL Book 975.5 M2vr v. 24.
  11. J.L. Scott, 45th Virginia Infantry (Lynchburg, Va.: H.E. Howard, 1989). FHL Book 975.5 M2vr v. 58.
  12. John C. Chapla, 50th Virginia Infantry (Lynchburg, Va.: H.E. Howard, 1997). FHL Book 975.5 M2vr v. 129.
  13. James A. Davis, 51st Virginia Infantry (Lynchburg, Va.: H.E. Howard, 1984). FHL Book 975.5 M2vr v. 9.
  14. Jeffrey C. Weaver, 63rd Virginia Infantry (Lynchburg, Va.: H.E. Howard, 1991). FHL Book 975.5 M2vr v. 76.
  15. Genealogical Society of Utah, Parish and Vital Records List (July 1998). Microfiche. Digital version at