Gosper County, Nebraska Genealogy

From FamilySearch Wiki
Jump to: navigation, search
United States
Gosper County

Guide to Gosper County, Nebraska ancestry, genealogy and family history, birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.

County Facts
County seat: Elwood
Organized: November 26, 1873
Parent County(s): Kearney and unorganized territory[1]
Neighboring Counties
Dawson  • Frontier  • Furnas  • Phelps
See County Maps
Location Map
200px-Map of Nebraska highlighting Gosper County svg.bmp

County Information


The County was named for John J. Gosper. The County has Elwood as its seat and the County was created 1881. The County is located in south central area of the state.[2]

County Courthouse

Gosper County Courthouse
507 Smith Ave.
P.O. Box 136
Elwood, NE 68037-0136
Phone: 308.785.2611
Gosper County Website

County Judge has marriage and probate records from 1891 and court records from 1920.
County Clerk has divorce records from 1880 and land records. [1]

Gosper County, Nebraska Record Dates

Information for this chart was taken from various sources, often containing conflicting dates. This information should be taken as a guide and should be verified by contacting the county and/or the state government agency.

Known Beginning Dates for Major Records[3]
Birth* Marriage Death* Court Land Probate Census
1904 1873 1904 1920 1875 1891 1854
Statewide registration for births and deaths started in late 1904. General compliance by 1920.

Record Loss

There is no known history of courthouse disasters in this county.

Boundary Changes

Populated Places

The following are locations in Gosper County, Nebraska:[4]

Elwood Smithfield

History Timeline


Bible Records


Business, Commerce, and Occupations


Cemeteries of Gosper County, Nebraska online and in print
Tombstone Transcriptions Online
Tombstone Transcriptions in Print (Often more complete)
  • No Information is available at this time
List of Cemeteries in the County
See Nebraska Cemeteries for more information


Census Records

Historical populations
Census Pop.  %±
1880 1,673
1890 4,816 187.9%
1900 5,301 10.1%
1910 4,933 −6.9%
1920 4,669 −5.4%
1930 4,287 −8.2%
1940 3,687 −14.0%
1950 2,734 −25.8%
1960 2,489 −9.0%
1970 2,178 −12.5%
1980 2,140 −1.7%
1990 1,928 −9.9%
2000 2,143 11.2%
2010 2,044 −4.6%
Source: "Wikipedia.org".

For tips on accessing Gosper County, Nebraska Genealogy census records online, see: Nebraska Census.

Federal Censuses were taken for Nebraska starting in 1860. For links to Federal census indexes, see Nebraska Census.

State Census Records

Church Records

Church records vary significantly depending on the denomination and the record keeper. They may contain information about members of the congregation, such as age, date of baptism, christening, or birth; marriage information and maiden names; and death date. For general information about Nebraska denominations, view the Nebraska Church Records wiki page.

Court Records


Emigration and Immigration

Ethnic, Political, and Religious Groups

Funeral Homes



Land and Property Records

Land and property records can place an ancestor in a particular location, provide economic information, and reveal family relationships. Land records include: deeds, abstracts and indexes, mortgages, leases, grants and land patents.

See Nebraska Land and Property for additional information about early Nebraska land grants. After land was transferred to private ownership, subsequent transactions were usually recorded at the county courthouse, where records are currently housed.

For more information see Nebraska Land and Property

Local Histories

Local histories are available for Gosper County, Nebraska Genealogy. County histories may include biographies, church, school and government history, and military information. For more information about local histories, see the wiki page section Nebraska Local Histories.

Maps and Gazetteers

Lincoln CountyDawson CountyBuffalo CountyFrontier CountyPhelps CountyRed Willow CountyFurnas CountyHarlan CountyNE GOSPER.PNG
About this image
Click a neighboring county
for more resources


Early migration routes to and from Gosper County for European and African American settlers included:

Military Records

Revolutionary War

Civil War

World War I

Naturalization and Citizenship


For information on Nebraska newspapers, see Nebraska Newspapers. Nebraska Newspapers Online

Nebraska Newspaper Catalogs


Other Records


Probate Records

In most counties in Nebraska, probate records have been kept by the county judge. They include wills, fee books, claim registers, legacy records, inheritance records, probate ticklers, and dockets. The records are available at the county courthouse.

The FamilySearch Catalog lists films of probate records. To find the records for this county, use the Place Search for Nebraska - Gosper - Probate records.

Online Probate Records

School Records

Tax Records

Nebraska tax records complement land records and can be used in place of censuses before 1820 or to supplement the years between censuses. There may be gaps of several years in the records.

Vital Records

Vital Records consist of births, adoptions, marriages, divorces, and deaths recorded on registers, certificates, and documents. A copy or an extract of most original records can be purchased from the Nebraska Department of Health and Human Services or the County Clerk's office of the county where the event occurred.





Research Facilities


Family History Centers

Family History Centers provide one-on-one assistance and free access to premium genealogical websites. In addition, many centers have free how-to genealogy classes.





  • NEGenWeb
  • USGenWeb project. May have maps, name indexes, history or other information for this county. Select the state, then the county.
  • FamilySearch Catalog - The FamilySearch catalog contains descriptions and access information for all genealogical materials (including books, online materials, microfilm, microfiche, and publications) in their collection.  Use Historical Records to search for specific individuals in genealogical records

Research Guides


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Nebraska.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  2. Wikipedia contributors, "Gosper, Nebraska," in https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gosper_County,_Nebraska"
  3. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Gosper County, Nebraska. Page 428-435 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002; Alice Eichholz, ed. Ancestry’s Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources, Third ed. (Provo, Utah: Ancestry, 2004), 417-420.
  4. Wikipedia contributors, "Gosper County, Nebraska," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gosper_County,_Nebraska, accessed 1 August 2016.
  5. Jim Tompkins, "The Oregon Trail 1841-1848 Map II" in Oregon Trail Landmarks at http://www.oregonpioneers.com/OTMap2.jpg (accessed 18 July 2011).
  6. "Oregon California Trails Association" at http://octatrails.micromaps.com/ (accessed 18 July 2011).
  7. "The Pioneer Story: The Mormon Pioneer Trail" in The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints at http://lds.org/gospellibrary/pioneer/pioneerstory.htm (accessed 18 July 2011).