Gila County, Arizona Genealogy
Guide to Gila County, Arizona ancestry, family history, and genealogy birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, and military records.
|Gila County, Arizona|
Location in the state of Arizona
Location of Arizona in the U.S.
|Founded||February 8, 1881|
|Address|| 1400 E. Ash Street|
Globe, AZ 85501
- 1 County Information
- 2 County Courthouse
- 3 History
- 4 Places/Localities
- 5 Resources
- 6 Societies and Libraries
- 7 Family History Centers
- 8 Websites
- 9 References
Gila County, Arizona Record Dates
County Clerk has marriage records from 1881
divorce, probate and court records from 1914
County Recorder has land records
The County was named from a Spanish contraction of Hah-quah-sa-eel, a Yuma word meaning "running water which is salty". The County has Globe as its seat and the County was created February 8, 1881. The County is located in the central area of the state.
Gila County is located northeast of Maricopa and Pinal Counties in Arizona. It contains some of the early settlements in Arizona going back to the 1870s. Gila County is named for the Gila River that flows through portions of the southern part of the county. 
Payson is the largest town today, its name came from a situation where the town needed a post office and a congressman was reported to have said that if they named the town Payson they would get a post office. The second town that took up the dare was Payson, Utah.
Other towns include Pine, Roosevelt, and Claypool. Defunct localities include 'Motel Point' where a motel once stood just yards northeast of the present-day Roosevelt Dam.
- Until 1821 - New Spain controlled land that later would become Arizona. Some records of early settlers may have been sent to an archives in Seville, Spain, or to archives in Mexico City.
- In 1821 - Mexico obtained jurisdiction over the land that later would become Arizona. Some records of this period may have been sent to archives in Mexico City.
- 18 Aug 1846 - During the war with Mexico, the US took control of Santa Fe and proclaimed sovereignty over the land that later became the New Mexico Territory. Look for records in the National Archives and Records Administration, the Mexico Archives and the New Mexico State Records Center and Archives.
- 4 July 1848 - In the Treaty of Guadalupe-Hidalgo, Mexico ceded part of present day Arizona, including all of Gila County. Look for records in the National Archives and Records Administration, the Mexico Archives and the New Mexico State Records Center and Archives.
- 9 Jan 1852 - New Mexico redefined the boundaries of previous counties and created new ones to cover all the land within its territory. The boundary of Socorro County was stretched across present day Arizona to the California border. Land in present-day Gila County, Arizona was once part of Socorro county of New Mexico.  Look for records in Socorro County.
- 24 Feb 1863 - The US created the Arizona Territory from the western half of New Mexico Territory. All previous counties were discontinued for this new territory. Look for records in the Arizona State Library and New Mexico State Records Center and Archives
- 10 Nov 1864 - Arizona created two counties: Pima and Yavapai counties. These counties named for Indian tribes. Look for records in Pima andYavapai counties.
- 14 Feb 1871 - Arizona created Maricopa County from land in Yavapai County. This county named for the Maricopa Indians. Look for records in Maricopa and Yavapai counties.
- 1 Feb 1875 - Arizona created Pinal County from lands in Maricopa and Pima counties. This county named for the Pinal mountains. Look for records in Maricopa, Pima, and Pinal counties.
8 February 1881 - Gila County was created from lands in Maricopa and Pinal Counties. County seat: Globe  This county named for the Gila River. Look for records in the Gila, Maricopa, and Pinal counties.
- 12 Mar 1885 Gila County exchanged property with adjacent Graham County. Look for records in Gila and Graham counties.
- 21 Mar 1889 Gila County added a portion of Yavapai County. Look for records in Gila and Yavapai counties.
- 19 Mar 1891 Gila County gained additional land from Yavapai County.  Look for records in Gila and Yavapai counties.
See also Previous Jurisdictions to Land in Arizona showing dates the jurisdictions were created and maps. This will help in determining what jurisdiction your ancestor lived in and where the records are now located.
For animated maps illustrating Arizona county boundary changes, "Rotating Formation Arizona County Boundary Maps" (1852-1993) may be viewed for free at the MapofUS.org website.
There is no known history of courthouse disasters in this county.
|Bear Canyon Junction||Coolidge Dam||Hayden||Peridot||Spurlock|
|Bellevue||Copper Hill||Inspiration||Pinal||Star Valley|
|Canyon Day||Dagger||Kohls Ranch||Punkin Center||Sun Valley|
|Carrizo||Dehorn||Little Acres||Radium||Tonto Basin|
|Cedar Creek||Fort Apache Junction||Lower Miami||Rocky Junction||Tonto Village|
|Central Heights||Fort McDonald||McMillianville||Roosevelt||Top-of-the-world|
|Christmas||Gallups||Miami||Rose Creek Lodge||Washington|
|Christopher Creek||Gisela||Miami Gardens||Rye||Willow|
|Chrysotile||Globe||Midland City||San Carlos||Winkelman|
|Claypool||Government Hill||Mountain Meadow||Sawmill||Young|
- Coconino County, Arizona
- Graham County, Arizona
- Maricopa County, Arizona
- Navajo County, Arizona
- Pinal County, Arizona
- Yavapai County, Arizona
The following web sites may have additional information on Gila County cemeteries.
- Interment.net Arizona cemetery records by county.
For tips on accessing Gila County, Arizona Genealogy census records online, see: Arizona Census.
Church records and the information they provide vary significantly depending on the denomination and the record keeper. They may contain information about members of the congregation, such as age, date of baptism, christening, or birth; marriage information and maiden names; and death date. For general information about Arizona denominations, view the Arizona Church Records wiki page. LDS Ward and Branch Records: Globe, Hayden, Miami, Nephi and Pine.
Land and property records can place an ancestor in a particular location, provide economic information, and reveal family relationships. Land records include: deeds, abstracts and indexes, mortgages, leases, grants and land patents.
See Arizona Land and Property for additional information about early Arizona land grants. After land was transferred to private ownership, subsequent transactions were usually recorded at the county courthouse and where records are currently housed.
Local histories are available for Gila County, Arizona Genealogy. County histories may include biographies, church, school and government history, and military information. For more information about local histories, see the Wiki page section Arizona Local Histories.
- 1861 - 1865 - Arizona Civil War Service Records of Confederate Soldiers, 1861-1865 at FamilySearch — index
Finding More Arizona Newspapers
Additional newspapers abstracts can sometimes be found using search phrases such as Gila County, Arizona Genealogy newspapers in online catalogs like:
From 1850 to 1864 during the territorial period, probate records of Arizona were kept by the probate courts of New Mexico. Then until 1912, the records were handled by county probate courts. Since then probate records, such as wills, claims, administrations, case files, and calendars are kept in the custody of the clerk of the superior court in the county courthouse.
The FamilySearch Catalog lists films of probate records. To find the records for this county, use the Subjects Search for Arizona, Gila - Probate records.
Online Probate Records
Vital Records consist of births, adoptions, marriages, divorces, and deaths recorded on registers, certificates, and documents. A copy or an extract of most original records can be purchased from the Arizona Department of Health Services , the county clerk's office of the county where the event occurred or order electronically online.
Online Birth Indexes and Records
Online Marriage Indexes and Records
- Many early marriages are listed on the Western States Marriage Index.
- 1864-1982 - Arizona Marriage Collection 1864-1982 at Ancestry.com — index $
- 1871-1964 - Arizona, County Marriages, 1871–1964 at FamilySearch.org — index and browse images, incomplete
- 1888-1908 - Arizona Select Marriages 1888-1908 at Ancestry.com — index $
Online Death Indexes and Records
- Gila County, Arizona Obituary and Death Notices Collection From GenealogyBuff.com ~ Free. This collection is from Various Funeral Homes in the Payson, Globe, Miami, Winkelman, Hayden, and Dudleyville areas.
- 1910-1911 and 1933-1994 - Arizona Select Deaths and Burials 1910-1911 and 1933-1994;at Ancestry.com — index
Societies and Libraries
Arizona Cornish Society
P.O. Box 1
Claypool, Arizona 85532
Contact: Mrs Linda Carnahan
Northern Gila County Historical Society
PO Box 2532
Payson, AZ 85547
Gila County Historical Society
1330 N. Broad St.
Globe, AZ 85502
Hours 10-4 M-F; 11-3 Sat.
Family History Centers
Family history centers provide one-on-one assistance and free access to premium genealogical websites. In addition, many centers have free how-to genealogy classes. See family history center for more information. Search the online FHC directory for a nearby family history center.
Introduction to Family History Centers
1701 Ensign St
Globe, Gila, Arizona, United States
913 N Ponderosa St
Payson, Gila, Arizona, United States
These are not mailing addresses. Due to limited staff, Family History Centers are unable to respond to mail inquiries.
- Gila County, AZ History, Records, Facts and Genealogy (Genealogy Inc)
- Gila County AZGenWeb. Has info on Cemeteries, Funeral Homes, Military, Vitals, Towns, Schools, Obituaries, Newspapers, Misc., Marriages, & Death.
- FamilySearch Catalog
- Gila County, Arizona Genealogy and Family History (Linkpendium)
- Alice Eichholz, Ancestry’s Red Book: American State, County and Town Sources, Revised ed. (Salt Lake City: Ancestry, 1992), 13-28. At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27rb 1992
- Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Gila County, Arizona p. 56. At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
- Wikipedia contributors, "Gila, Arizona ," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gila_County,_Arizona 7/10/2017.
- See Barnes, Will C., and Byrd H. Granger. Arizona Place Names. Tucson: University of Arizona Press, 1960, p. 94. WorldCat 479862
- Williams 108-110
- U.S. Stat., vol. 9, pp. 922-943; Parry, 102: 29-59; Van Zandt, 11, 28-29; Walker and Bufkin, 19, 20A
- N.M. Terr. Laws 1851, 1st assy., 1st sess./p. 119; N.M. Terr. Laws 1851, 1st assy., 2d sess. /pp. 266, 292
- William Thorndale, and William Dollarhide, Map Guide to the U.S. Federal Censuses, 1790-1920 (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1987), 26. At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 X2th.
- Original Counties of New Mexico Territory (map) at http://www.nmgs.org/Graphics/nmcoun-orig.jpg (accessed 9 August 2011).
- U.S. Stat., vol. 12, ch. 56/pp. 664-665; Ariz. Terr. Laws 1864, 1st assy./ pp. vii-viii; Van Zandt, 162
- Howell Code, Ariz. Terr. Laws 1864, 1st assy., ch. 2/ pp. 24-25
- Ariz. Terr. Laws 1871, 6th assy./ pp. 53-54
- Ariz. Terr. Laws 1875, 8th assy./ pp. 19-20
- Arizona Territorial Laws 1881, 11th assy. pp. 14-17
- The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. (Draper, UT:Everton Publishers, 2002).
- Arizona Territorial Laws 1885, 13th assy. p. 215
- Arizona Territorial Laws 1889, 15th assy. pp. 49-52
- Arizona Territorial Laws 1891, 16th assy. pp. 102-103
- Atlas of Historical County Boundaries, The Newberry Library, Chicago. Viewed on 11 November 2011.