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Ghana Colonial Records

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Portuguese Colonization (15th c.)[edit | edit source]

The Portuguese established several settlements along the Gold Coast in pursuit of acquiring gold.[1]

Dutch Colonization (1598-1872)[edit | edit source]

The Dutch colonized this area in 1598 and lasted until 1872 when it was officially ceded to Britain.[2]

Soldaten overzee : aanwijzingen voor het doen van onderzoek naar Onderofficieren en Minderen bij het Koninklijk Nederlandsch-Indisch Leger (KNIL) en bij het leger in West-Indië (1815-1949) is a guide for Dutch colonial soldiers who were stationed in Ghana between 1815 and 1949.

Swedish Colonization (1650-1663)[edit | edit source]

The Swedish Gold Coast was founded in 1650. It lasted until Denmark seized the colony in 1663 and integrated it into the Danish Gold Coast.[3]

Denmark-Norway Colonization (1663-1850)[edit | edit source]

The Danish Gold Coast (also known as Danske Guldkyst, Dansk Guinea, or the Guinea Coast) was founded when it was seized from the Swedes in 1663. It ended in 1850 when it was sold to Britain.[4] The Danish primarily colonized this area for the transatlantic slave trade.[5]

Vore gamle tropekolonier gives a history of Danish colonization in Ghana.
Scandinavians in Africa: guide to materials relating to Ghana in the Danish National Archives can help you navigate the Danish National Archives for Ghana research. It is also available for loan at Archive.org.

Here is a list of Danish Colonial Records in Ghana at the Denmark National Archives. Records in this collection vary but include items like domestic and foreign letters, diary books, journals, and trade records like debt books.

Norway's Arkivverket Riksarkivet also has a small collection of North Africa's Customs and Consumption Office.

Prussian/German Colonization (1682-1720)[edit | edit source]

The Brandeburger Gold Coast or Groß Friedrichsburg existed from 1682-1720. It ended when king Frederick William I of Prussia sold it to the Dutch Republic.[6]

British Empire Colonization (1867-1957)[edit | edit source]

The Gold Coast was a British colony in west Africa from 1867 to independence in 1957.[7]

Record collection Years covered Record type Language Who is in the records
British Nationals Born Overseas 1818-2005, index and images. English British Nationals
British Armed Forces and Overseas Births and Baptisms, Ghana, index and images ($) Births and Baptisms English Children born to those working within the armed forces, merchant navy, and consular forces, as well as, civilian ship passengers.
British Armed Forces and Overseas Births and Baptisms, Africa, index and images, ($) Births and Baptisms English Children born to those working within the armed forces, merchant navy, and consular forces, as well as, civilian ship passengers.
British Armed Forces and Overseas Banns and Marriages, Africa, index and images, ($) Banns and Marriages English British armed forces members and civilians who were married abroad and at sea.
British Nationals Married Overseas 1818-2005, index and images English British Nationals
British Armed Forces and Overseas Banns and Marriages, index and images, ($) English
Ghana, Accra, Marriages, 1863-2003 at FamilySearch 1863-2003 Marriages English
British Nationals Died Overseas, 1818-2005, index and images English British Nationals
British Armed Forces and Overseas Deaths and Burials, index and images, ($) English Members of the British armed forces who died while serving their country overseas, British civilians who died while traveling or working overseas, and individuals (including seaman) who died at sea
Law office's reports on colonial acts re Mediterranean, Africa, etc., 1855 English

References[edit | edit source]

  1. Wikipedia contributors, "Portuguese Gold Coast," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Portuguese_Gold_Coast, accessed 13 June 2019.
  2. Wikipedia contributors, "Dutch Gold Coast," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dutch_Gold_Coast, accessed 13 June 2019.
  3. Wikipedia contributors, "Swedish Gold Coast," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Swedish_Gold_Coast, accessed 13 June 2019.
  4. Wikipedia contributors, "Danish Gold Coast," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Danish_Gold_Coast, accessed 13 June 2019.
  5. Hove, Jon Olav, "Dei West Indian Islands and the Danish / Norwegian slave trade," in Arkivverket, https://www.arkivverket.no/utforsk-arkivene/eldre-historie--1814/de-vestindiske-oyer-og-den-dansk-norske-slavehandel?q=ghana, accessed 17 June 2019.
  6. Wikipedia contributors, "Brandenburger Gold Coast," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Brandenburger_Gold_Coast, accessed 13 June 2019.
  7. Wikipedia contributors, "Gold Coast (British colony)," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gold_Coast_(British_colony), accessed 13 June 2019.