Georgia, Andersonville Prison Records (FamilySearch Historical Records)
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Georgia, Andersonville Prison Records, 1862-1865
|This article describes a collection of records at FamilySearch.org.|
|Sumter, Georgia, United States|
|Flag of the United States of America|
|Seal of the National Archives|
|Record Type||Prisoner of War Records|
|Record Group||RG 249: Records of the Commissary General of Prisoners|
|Microfilm Publication||M1303. Selected Records of the War Department Commissary General of Prisoners Relating to Federal Prisoners of War Confined at Andersonville, GA, 1864-65. 6 rolls.|
|National Archives Identifier||576|
|National Archives and Records Administration|
- 1 What is in This Collection?
- 2 What Can These Records Tell Me?
- 3 Collection Content
- 4 How Do I Search This Collection?
- 5 What Do I Do Next?
- 6 Related Digital Books
- 7 Citing this Collection
- 8 How Can I Contribute to the FamilySearch Wiki?
What is in This Collection?
The Georgia, Andersonville Prison Records, 1864–1865 collection contains images of records of Federal (Union) prisoners of war confined at Andersonville Prison in Georgia during the last 14 months of the Civil War. The collection consists of prison hospital admissions, death and burial records, registers of prison departures, prisoner claims for reimbursements, and consolidated monthly reports. This collection is part of the National Archives and Records (NARA) microfilm publication M1303 and is from Record Group 249 Records of the Commissary General of Prisoners. The microfilm publication for M1303 can be located and downloaded from the National Archives Microfilm Resources for Research: A Comprehensive Catalog. Microfilm Publication 1303 includes the following NAIDs:
|NAID No||NARA Title|
|*597573||Registers of Federal Prisoners of War|
|*597874||Registers of Federal Prisoners of War Admitted to the Hospital|
|*597575||Statements of Money Claimed by Federal Prisoners of War|
|*597579||List of Funds Claimed by Federal Prisoners of War|
|*597581||Consolidated Monthly Reports of Federal Prisoners of War|
|*597583||Register of Federal Prisoners of War Admitted to the Hospital|
|*597584||Registers of Deaths and Burials of Federal Prisoners of War|
|*597586||Registers of Deceased Federal Prisoners of War|
|*597590||Lists of Deceased Federal Prisoners of War|
|*597595||Partial Name Index to Records of Federal Prisoners of War Interred|
|*617230||Morning Reports of Federal Prisoners of War|
General Information About Andersonville Prison
Andersonville Prison was built at the Confederate garrison of Camp Sumter just outside of Andersonville, Sumter County, Georgia in 1864. Built as a more secure location for Federal prisoners of war located in Richmond, Virginia, Andersonville was the largest Confederate Prisoner of War cam. The prison housed 45,000 prisoners during its 14 months of operation. Andersonville was designed to house a maximum of 10,000 prisoners, but received as many as 400 prisoners a day, housed an average of 22,000–26,000 prisoners, and held 32,000 prisoners during its peak operation of August of 1864.
The location of Andersonville Prison was chosen because it was in an area with a more abundant food supply; however, due to deteriorating war conditions the Confederate army was unable to provide adequate housing, food, clothing, or medical care to the soldiers held captive at Andersonville. Because of deteriorating conditions and a breakdown of the prisoner exchange system, the soldiers at Andersonville endured much suffering, and there was a high mortality rate. Many of the prisoners at Andersonville were moved to other prison camps throughout the South after Sherman’s march through Georgia. Andersonville was closed in April–May of 1865 after General Robert E. Lee surrendered to General Ulysses S. Grant at Appomattox Courthouse in Virginia.
To Browse This Collection
|You can browse through images in this collection by visiting the browse page for Georgia, Andersonville Prison Records, 1862-1865.|
What Can These Records Tell Me?
The following information may be found in these records:
- Name of prisoner
- Date of entry in the report, list, or ledger
- Reason for entry in the repost, list, or ledger
- Birth date and place
- Death date and place
- Burial date and place
- Cause of death
- Physical description
- Names of relatives or friends
- Enlistment date and place
- Last residence prior to enlistment
- Monies exchanged
- Release or transfer date
How Do I Search This Collection?
Before searching this collection, it is helpful to know:
- The name of the soldier
- The date of the event
View the Images
View images in this collection by visiting the Browse Page:
- Select the Document Type
- Select the Volume, Description, Date, and Range to view the images.
|More images are available in the FamilySearch Catalog at Georgia, Andersonville Prison Records, 1862-1865. Some catalog records link to multiple references. In this case, click on a reference to find a camera icon to see images.|
How Do I Analyze the Results?
Compare each result from your search with what you know to determine if there is a match. This may require viewing multiple records or images. Keep track of your research in a research log.
What Do I Do Next?
I Found the Person I Was Looking For, What Now?
- Use the age to calculate a birth date and to find other records such as birth, christening, census, land and death
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I Can’t Find the Person I’m Looking For, What Now?
- Try viewing the original record to see if there were errors in the transcription of the name, age, residence, etc. Remember that there may be more than one person in the records with the same name
- Collect entries for every person who has the same surname. This list can help you identify possible relations that can be verified by records
- If you cannot locate your ancestor in the locality in which you believe they lived, then try searching records of a nearby locality
- Standard spelling of names typically did not exist during the periods our ancestors lived in. Try variations of your ancestor’s name while searching the index or browsing through images
- Remember that sometimes individuals went by nicknames or alternated between using first and middle names
Consult the Georgia Research Tips and Strategies and its Record Finder to search other records
Related Digital Books
- Iowa Monuments Rolls of Iowa Soldiers Buried at Andersonville
- FamilySearch Digital Books Pennsylvania at Andersonville
- FamilySearch Digital Books Report of the Michigan Andersonville Monument Commission
Citing this Collection
Citations help you keep track of places you have searched and sources you have found. Identifying your sources helps others find the records you used.
- Collection Citation
- "Georgia, Andersonville Prison Records, 1862-1865." Images. FamilySearch. http://FamilySearch.org : 14 June 2016. Citing NARA microfilm publication M1303. Washington D.C.: National Archives, n.d.
When looking at an image, the citation is found on the Information tab at the bottom left of the screen.
How Can I Contribute to the FamilySearch Wiki?
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