Georgia, Andersonville Prison Records (FamilySearch Historical Records)

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Georgia, Andersonville Prison Records, 1862-1865
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This article describes a collection of records at FamilySearch.org.
Andersonville, Sumter, Georgia, United States
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Record Description
Record Type Prisoner of War Records
Record Group RG 249: Records of the Commissary General of Prisoners
Collection years 1864-1865
Microfilm Publication M1303. Selected Records of the War Department Commissary General of Prisoners Relating to Federal Prisoners of War Confined at Andersonville, GA, 1864-65. 6 rolls.
National Archives Identifier 576
FamilySearch Resources
Related Websites
Archive
National Archives and Records Administration


What is in This Collection?

The Georgia, Andersonville Prison Records, 1864–1865 collection contains images of records of Federal (Union) prisoners of war confined at Andersonville Prison in Georgia during the last 14 months of the Civil War. The collection consists of prison hospital admissions, death and burial records, registers of prison departures, prisoner claims for reimbursements, and consolidated monthly reports. This collection is part of the National Archives and Records (NARA) microfilm publication M1303 and is from Record Group 249 Records of the Commissary General of Prisoners. The microfilm publication for M1303 can be located and downloaded from the National Archives Microfilm Resources for Research: A Comprehensive Catalog. Microfilm Publication 1303 includes the following NAIDs:

NAID No NARA Title
*597573 Registers of Federal Prisoners of War
*597874 Registers of Federal Prisoners of War Admitted to the Hospital
*597575 Statements of Money Claimed by Federal Prisoners of War
*597579 List of Funds Claimed by Federal Prisoners of War
*597581 Consolidated Monthly Reports of Federal Prisoners of War
*597583 Register of Federal Prisoners of War Admitted to the Hospital
*597584 Registers of Deaths and Burials of Federal Prisoners of War
*597586 Registers of Deceased Federal Prisoners of War
*597590 Lists of Deceased Federal Prisoners of War
*597595 Partial Name Index to Records of Federal Prisoners of War Interred
*617230 Morning Reports of Federal Prisoners of War

General Information About Andersonville Prison

Andersonville Prison was built at the Confederate garrison of Camp Sumter just outside of Andersonville, Sumter County, Georgia in 1864. Built as a more secure location for Federal prisoners of war located in Richmond, Virginia, Andersonville was the largest Confederate Prisoner of War cam. The prison housed 45,000 prisoners during its 14 months of operation. Andersonville was designed to house a maximum of 10,000 prisoners, but received as many as 400 prisoners a day, housed an average of 22,000–26,000 prisoners, and held 32,000 prisoners during its peak operation of August of 1864.

The location of Andersonville Prison was chosen because it was in an area with a more abundant food supply; however, due to deteriorating war conditions the Confederate army was unable to provide adequate housing, food, clothing, or medical care to the soldiers held captive at Andersonville. Because of deteriorating conditions and a breakdown of the prisoner exchange system, the soldiers at Andersonville endured much suffering, and there was a high mortality rate. Many of the prisoners at Andersonville were moved to other prison camps throughout the South after Sherman’s march through Georgia. Andersonville was closed in April–May of 1865 after General Robert E. Lee surrendered to General Ulysses S. Grant at Appomattox Courthouse in Virginia.

To Browse This Collection

You can browse through images in this collection by visiting the browse page for Georgia, Andersonville Prison Records, 1862-1865.

What Can These Records Tell Me?

The following information may be found in these records:

Prison

  • Name of prisoner
  • Date of entry in the report, list, or ledger
  • Reason for entry in the repost, list, or ledger
  • Birth date and place
  • Death date and place
  • Burial date and place
  • Cause of death
  • Age
  • Physical description
  • Names of relatives or friends
  • Enlistment date and place
  • Last residence prior to enlistment
  • Monies exchanged
  • Release or transfer date

Collection Content

Sample Image

How Do I Search This Collection?

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  • The name of the soldier
  • The date of the event

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Record Finder

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Citing this Collection

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Collection Citation
"Georgia, Andersonville Prison Records, 1862-1865." Images. FamilySearch. http://FamilySearch.org : 14 June 2016. Citing NARA microfilm publication M1303. Washington D.C.: National Archives, n.d.
Image Citation:
When looking at an image, the citation is found on the Information tab at the bottom left of the screen.

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