Gates County, North Carolina Genealogy

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United States
North Carolina
Gates County

Guide to Gates County, North Carolina ancestry, family history, and genealogy birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.


Gates County, North Carolina
Map of North Carolina highlighting Gates County
Location in the state of North Carolina
Map of the U.S. highlighting North Carolina
Location of North Carolina in the U.S.
Founded April 14, 1778
County Seat Gatesville
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County Information


Gates County is located in the Eastern portion of North Carolina and shares a border with Virginia. It was named for General Horatio Gates, an American brigadier general in the Revolutionary War[1].

County Courthouse

Gates County Courthouse
P O Box 345
Gatesville NC 27938
Phone: 252-357-0850

Reg of Deeds has birth, marriage and death records
Clerk Superior Court has divorce, probate and Court records from 1780[2]

Register of Deeds
PO Box 471
Gatesville, NC. 27937
Telephone: 252-357-0850
Fax: 252-357-1568

Clerk of Superior Court
PO Box 31
Gatesville, NC 27938
Telephone: (252) 357-1365


Gates County was formed in 1779 from Chowan, Hertford, and Perquimans counties. It was named in honor of General Horatio Gates, who commanded the American Army at the Battle of Saratoga. Gates County is in the northeastern section of the State and is bounded by Camden, Pasquotank, Perquimans, Chowan and Hertford counties, and the state of Virginia. The present land area is 340.67 square miles. The act establishing the county provided that commissioners be appointed to select a site centrally located for the erection of a courthouse, etc., and to have the building erected. In 1781, an act was passed to levy an additional tax for the completion of the public buildings. The Legislature of 1830-1831 passed an act which said that the place now known as Gates Court House, in the county of Gates, shall in the future be known and described by the name of Gatesville. Gatesville is the county seat.

Gates County was a part of an area originally called "Albemarle", named for George, Duke of Albemarle. Later, what is now Gates County was split into three separate entities: Hertford, Chowan, and Perquimans counties. Most of the land within the present boundaries was considered to be Nansemond County, VA, until 1728, when William Byrd had surveyed the "dividing line" between Virginia and North Carolina.

Parent County

1778--Gates County was created 14 April 1778 from Chowan, Hertford, and Perquimans Counties.
County seat: Gatesville [3]

Boundary Changes

For animated maps illustrating North Carolina county boundary changes, "Rotating Formation North Carolina County Boundary Maps" (1664-1965) may be viewed for free at the website.

Record Loss

There is no known history of courthouse disasters in this county.


Populated Places

Neighboring Counties




Tombstone Transcriptions Online Tombstone Transcriptions in Print List of Cemeteries in the county Family History Library
NCGenWeb WorldCat Billion Graves
NCGenWeb Archives
Tombstone Project
North Carolina Cemeteries
Billion Graves
See North Carolina Cemeteries for more information.


For tips on accessing Gates County, North Carolina Genealogy census records online, see: North Carolina Census.


County Records


Family Histories

  • Southall - Warner, Seth. "Descendants of the Reverend Daniel Southall of Eastern North Carolina," The Genealogist, Vol. 21, No. 2 (Fall 2007):175-190; Vol. 22, No. 1 (Spring 2008):107-127; Vol. 22, No. 2 (Fall 2008):221-240.


Gates County Register of Deeds
202 Court Street
P.O. Box 471
Gatesville, NC 27938
Phone: (252) 357-2411

Online Records Search Page

Gates County Register of Deeds office contains records concerning real estate recordings, including Deeds and Deeds of Trust. Copies of survey maps are recorded in the Register of Deeds office. Also recorded in this office are Marriage, Birth & Death Records, as well as Military Discharge Records. Discharge records 50 years of age or older are available for public view. More recent discharge recordings are only available for the Veterans' needs.

Local Histories



Early migration routes to and from Gates County for European settlers included:[4]


Revolutionary War
War of 1812

Muster Rolls 7th Company from Gates County - on

Civil War

Online Records

Regiments. Service men in Gates County, North Carolina Genealogy served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Listed below are companies that were specifically formed in Gates County, North Carolina Genealogy:

- 5th Regiment, North Carolina Infantry
- 2nd Regiment, North Carolina Cavalry, Company C
- 5th Regiment, North Carolina Infantry, Company B
- 5th Regiment, North Carolina Infantry, Company H
World War I
World War II



Online Probate Records


Vital Records 


Societies and Libraries 

Gates County Historical Society
PO Box 98
Gates 27937

Family History Centers

Family history centers provide one-on-one assistance and free access to premium genealogical websites. In addition, many centers have free how-to genealogy classes. See family history center for more information. Search the online FHC directory for a nearby family history center.



  2. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Gates County, North Carolina. Page 509 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  3. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. (Draper, UT:Everton Publishers, 2002).
  4. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), 847-61. (FHL Book 973 D27e 2002) WorldCat entry., and William E. Myer, Indian Trails of the Southeast. (Nashville, Tenn.: Blue and Gray Press, 1971), 12-14, and the book's pocket map "The Trail System of the Southeastern United States in the early Colonial Period" (1923). (FHL Book 970.1 M992i) WorldCat entry.
  5. Genealogical Society of Utah, Parish and Vital Records List (July 1998). Microfiche. Digital version at