Gaston County, North Carolina Genealogy

From FamilySearch Wiki
Jump to: navigation, search
United States
North Carolina
Gaston County

Guide to Gaston County, North Carolina ancestry, family history, and genealogy birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.


Gaston County, North Carolina
Map of North Carolina highlighting Gaston County
Location in the state of North Carolina
Map of the U.S. highlighting North Carolina
Location of North Carolina in the U.S.
Founded December 21, 1846
County Seat Gastonia
Adopt-a-wiki page
Logonew small.gif This page adopted by:
NCGenWeb Project
who welcome you to contribute.
County Coordinator
Gaston Co. NCGenWeb
Adopt a page today

County Information


Gaston County is located in the Southwestern portion of North Carolina and shares a border with South Carolina. It was named for William Gaston, member of the U.S. House of Representatives and justice of the Supreme Court of North Carolina[1].

County Courthouse

Beginning Dates for Gaston County, North Carolina Genealogy Government Records

Gaston County Courthouse
325 N Marietta St
Box 1578
Gastonia, NC 28053
Phone: 704-868-7684

Register of Deeds has birth, marriage and death records from 1913
Land records from 1847
Clerk Superior  Court has divorce and court records[2]

Register of Deeds
PO Box 1578
Gastonia, NC 28021
Telephone: 704-862-7680
Fax: 704-862-7519

Clerk of Superior Court
325 N Marietta St #1004
Gastonia, NC 28052
Telephone: (704) 852-3100


The earliest European settlers of Gaston County were principally Scots Irish, Pennsylvania Dutch, and English. In the 1750s, Dutch settler James Kuykendall and others constructed the Fort at the Point at the junction of the Catawba and South Fork Rivers. The fort was built because of ongoing hostilities with the Cherokee, but it was apparently never attacked. Tensions between the settlers and the Native American inhabitants (primarily of the Catawba tribe) were eased considerably when the boundary dispute between North Carolina and South Carolina was settled in 1772, after which most of the Catawba settled on a reservation near Fort Mill, South Carolina.

Most early farms were small, cultivated primarily by White yeoman farmers of English ancestry. North Carolina's colonial policy restricted the size of land grants, and in Gaston County they tended to be about 400 acres (1.6 km2) each. One of the earliest grants in the area was given to Captain Samuel Cobrin, commander of a local militia company, on September 29, 1750.

Between 1845 and 1848, Gaston County experienced an industrial boom. During this three-year period, the first three cotton mills in the County were established. Some authorities[who?] say that the first one was established by Thomas R. Tate on Mountain Island, near the present site of Duke Energy's Mountain Island Dam and Hydroelectric Station. Other sources say that the first mill was established by the Linebergers and others on the South Fork River near McAdenville. Most sources agree that among the first three mills in operation in the County was the Stowesville Mill, founded by Jasper Stowe and Associates in the South Point Community south of Belmont. Gaston County still leads all other counties in the country both in the number of spindles in operation and in the number of bales of cotton consumed.

(Source: Wikipedia)

Parent County

1846--Gaston County was created 21 December 1846 from Lincoln County.
County seat: Gastonia [3]

Boundary Changes

For animated maps illustrating North Carolina county boundary changes, "Rotating Formation North Carolina County Boundary Maps" (1664-1965) may be viewed for free at the website.

Record Loss

1874--Courthouse fire destroyed many court records.


Populated Places

Neighboring Counties




Tombstone Transcriptions Online Tombstone Transcriptions in Print List of Cemeteries in the county Family History Library
NCGenWeb WorldCat Billion Graves
NCGenWeb Archives
Tombstone Project
North Carolina Cemeteries
Billion Graves
See North Carolina Cemeteries for more information.


For tips on accessing Gaston County, North Carolina Genealogy census records online, see: North Carolina Census.


County Records



  • The Bureau of Land Management General Land Office web site has searchable land records for North Carolina.

Local Histories



Early migration routes to and from Gaston County for European settlers included:[4]


Revolutionary War
Civil War

Online Records

Regiments. Service men in Gaston County, North Carolina Genealogy served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Listed below are companies that were specifically formed in Gaston County, North Carolina Genealogy:

- 11th Regiment, North Carolina Infantry
- 11th Regiment, North Carolina Infantry, Company A
- 11th Regiment, North Carolina Infantry, Company I
- 16th Regiment, North Carolina Infantry, Company M
- 1st Regiment, North Carolina Detailed Men, Company B
- 2nd Regiment, North Carolina Junior Reserves, Company C
- 4th Regiment, North Carolina Senior Reserves, Company E
- 5th Regiment, North Carolina Senior Reserves, Company E
World War I
World War II



Online Probate Records



Vital Records


Societies and Libraries 

Gaston-Lincoln Genealogical Society
PO Box 584
Mt. Holly, NC 28120

Family History Centers

Family history centers provide one-on-one assistance and free access to premium genealogical websites. In addition, many centers have free how-to genealogy classes. See family history center for more information. Search the online FHC directory for a nearby family history center.



  2. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Gaston County, North Carolina. Page 509 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  3. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. (Draper, UT:Everton Publishers, 2002).
  4. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), 847-61. (FHL Book 973 D27e 2002) WorldCat entry., and William E. Myer, Indian Trails of the Southeast. (Nashville, Tenn.: Blue and Gray Press, 1971), 12-14, and the book's pocket map "The Trail System of the Southeastern United States in the Early Colonial Period" (1923). (FHL Book 970.1 M992i) WorldCat entry.
  5. Genealogical Society of Utah, Parish and Vital Records List (July 1998). Microfiche. Digital version at