Garland County, Arkansas Genealogy

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United States
Garland County

Guide to Garland County, Arkansas ancestry, genealogy and family history, birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.

County Facts
County seat: Hot Springs
Organized: April 5, 1873
Parent County(s): Saline[1]
Neighboring Counties
Hot Spring  • Montgomery  • Perry  • Saline  • Yell
See County Maps
Location Map
Downtown Hot Springs, Garland County, Arkansas

County Information


Downtown Hot Springs, Garland County, Arkansas]]

County Courthouse

Garland County Courthouse
501 Ouachita Avenue
Hot Springs, AR 71901
Phone: 501.622.3610
Garland County Website

County Clerk has marriage and probate records.
Clerk Circuit Court has divorce, court and land records[2]

Garland County, Arkansas

Information for this chart was taken from various sources, often containing conflicting dates. This information should be taken as a guide and should be verified by contacting the county and/or the state government agency.

Known Beginning Dates for Major Records[3]
Birth* Marriage Death* Court Land Probate Census
1914* 1874 1914* 1874 1873 1877
*State birth and death records began in 1914. Limited compliance until 1920's

Record Loss

  • 1905 - On February 25, 1905 a fire damaged or destroyed everything except tax books of 1904. Some records have been reconstructed as much as possible, particularly deed and mortgage books.

For suggestions about research in places that suffered historic record losses, see:

Boundary Changes

  • 1873--Garland County was created 5 April 1873 from Saline County.
  • County seat: Hot Springs[4]

For animated maps illustrating Arkansas county boundary changes, "Rotating Formation Arkansas County Boundary Maps" (1813-1925) may be viewed for free at the website.

Populated Places

The following are locations in Garland County, Arkansas:

History Timeline

Emphasis for this timeline is on events that affected migration, records, or record-keeping. Unless otherwise mentioned, the events below were taken from the Garland County page on the website, The Encyclopedia of Arkansas History and Culture. [5]

  • 1682-1762 - France claimed all of Arkansas.
  • 1762 - France ceded Louisiana (including the area that became Garland County) to Spain.
  • 1803 April 30 - Emperor Napoleon Bonaparte and U.S. President Thomas Jefferson agreed on the Louisiana Purchase. For about three cents an acre, the future Garland County became part of a U.S. territory.
  • 1818 August 24 - The Quapaw ceded the land around Hot Springs to the United States.
  • 1860-1865 - The county was never occupied by Union troops, but almost the entire population fled to Texas and Louisiana. The citizens feared not only the soldiers but the renegade bands that would terrorize and destroy much of the county.
  • 1873-1900 - Tremendous change occurred in the county.


Bible Records


Business, Commerce, and Occupations


Cemeteries of Garland, Arkansas online and in print
Tombstone Transcriptions Online
TombstoneTranscriptions in Print (Often more complete)
List of Cemeteries in the County
See Arkansas Cemeteries for more information

Census Records

Church Records


  • 1878-1942 - St. Lukes Episcopal Church, Hot Spring, Baptism Index 1878-1942. Batch C586801 at FamilySearch - free.</ref>
  • 1878-1895 - St. Lukes Episcopal Church, Hot Spring, Marriage Index 1878-1895. Batch M586801 at FamilySearch - free.


  • 1874-1887 - First Methodist Church Baptism Index 1874-1887. Batch C586791 at FamilySearch - free.</ref>
  • 1876-1884 - First Methodist Church Marriage Index 1876-1884. Batch M586791 at FamilySearch - free.

Court Records


Emigration and Immigration

Ethnic, Political, and Religious Groups

Funeral Homes



Land and Property Records

Local Histories

Local histories are available for {{{1}}} County. They may include biographies, church, school and government history, and military information. Click for a brief Timeline History of the county. For more about local histories, see Arkansas Local Histories.

  • Biographical and Historical Memoirs of Pulaski, Jefferson, Lonoke, Faulkner, Grant, Saline, Perry, Garland, and Hot Spring Counties, Arkansas. Chicago, Nashville, and St. Louis, USA: Goodspeed Publishing, 1889. Online at: ($)

Maps and Gazetteers

Click on a neighboring county to go to the wiki page.
Garland CountySaline CountyGrant CountyHot Spring CountyPike CountyMontgomery CountyYell CountyLogan CountyPerry CountyFaulkner CountyPulaski CountyDallas CountyClark CountyHoward CountyPolk CountyScott CountyFranklin CountyPope CountyConway CountyARGarland.JPG


Military Records

Civil War

Naturalization and Citizenship


Finding More Arkansas Newspapers Additional newspapers abstracts can sometimes be found using search phrases such as Garland County, Arkansas Genealogy newspapers in online catalogs like:


Other Records


Probate Records

Online Probate Records

School Records

Tax Records

Vital Records

See also How to order Arkansas Vital Records





Research Facilities


Family History Centers

Family History Centers provide one-on-one assistance and free access to premium genealogical websites. In addition, many centers have free how-to genealogy classes.





  • ARGenWeb. Free. Data may be submitted by individuals or complete transcriptions
  • USGenWeb Archives. Free. Data may be submitted by individuals or may be complete transcriptions
  • RootsWeb. Free. Data may be submitted by individuals or may be complete transcriptions
  • Linkpendium. Free. Click links. Some sites they link to may have fees ($)
  • CyndisList. Free. Click links. Some sites they link to may have fees ($)
  • FamilySearch Catalog - The FamilySearch catalog contains descriptions and access information for all genealogical materials (including books, online materials, microfilm, microfiche, and publications) in their collection.  Use Historical Records to search for specific individuals in genealogical records

Research Guides


  1. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. (Draper, UT: Everton Publishers, 2002).
  2. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. (Draper, UT: Everton Publishers, 2002).
  3. Alice Eichholz, Red Book: American State, County and Town Sources, 3rd ed. (Salt Lake City: Ancestry Pub., 2004), 65-67. At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27rb 2004.
  4. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. (Draper, UT: Everton Publishers, 2002).
  5. Charles William Cunning, The Encyclopedia of Arkansas History & Culture, ( : accessed January 13, 2016), “Garland County.”
  6. FamilySearch Wiki contributors, "Arkansas County Marriages (FamilySearch Historical Records)," in FamilySearch Wiki, accessed 18 April 2013.
  7. Genealogical Society of Utah, Parish and Vital Records List (July 1998). Microfiche. Digital version at