Gadsden County, Florida Genealogy

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Gadsden County

Guide to Gadsden County, Florida ancestry, family history, and genealogy birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.


Gadsden County, Florida
Map of Florida highlighting Gadsden County
Location in the state of Florida
Map of the U.S. highlighting Florida
Location of Florida in the U.S.
Founded June 24, 1823
County Seat Quincy
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County Information

Gadsden County, Florida Record Dates

Known Beginning Dates for Major Records[1]
Birth* Marriage Death* Court Land Probate Census
1899 1849 1899 1849 1849 1926 1830
*Statewide registration of births and deaths began in 1899. General compliance by 1920.

County Courthouse

Gadsden County Courthouse
10 E Jefferson St; PO Box 1799
Quincy, FL 32351
Phone: 850.875.8622

County Judge has marriage and probate records
 Clerk Circuit has divorce, court and land records. [2]


Parent County

1823--Gadsden County was created 24 June 1823 from Jackson County.  County seat: Quincy [3]


The county was named for James Gadsden of South Carolina, who served as Andrew Jackson's aide-de-camp in Florida in 1818. Gadsden County is historically known for its tobacco crop which is obsolete today. The County Seat is Quincy and the county was created June 24, 1823. The County is located in the Northwest area of the state.[4]

Boundary Changes

For animated maps illustrating Florida county boundary changes, "Rotating Formation Florida County Boundary Maps" (1821-1997) may be viewed for free at the website.

Record Loss

1849 -- Courthouse burned and many records were damaged.
For further information on researching in burned counties, see the following:

Places / Localities

Populated Places

For a complete list of populated places, including small neighborhoods and suburbs, visit HomeTown Locator. The following are the most historically and genealogically relevant populated places in this county:[5]

Unincorporated communities
Census-designated places
  • Branchville
  • Concord
  • Darsey
  • Douglas City
  • Ebenezer
  • Florence
  • Freemont
  • Gibson
  • Hardaway
  • Hardin Heights
  • Jamieson
  • Juniper
  • Lake View Point
  • Littman
  • Rich Bay
  • River Junction
  • Rosedale
  • Santa Clara
  • Sawdust
  • Shady Rest
  • Sycamore

Neighboring Counties

Calhoun • Decatur County, Georgia • Grady County, Georgia
Jackson • Leon • Liberty • Seminole County, Georgia

African American


Cemeteries of Gadsden, Florida online and in print
Tombstone Transcriptions Online
TombstoneTranscriptions in Print (Often more complete)
List of Cemeteries in the County
See Florida Cemeteries for more information

The following web site may have additional information on Gadsden County cemeteries.


For tips on accessing Gadsden County, Florida Genealogy census records online, see: Florida Census.


Church records and the information they provide vary significantly depending on the denomination and the record keeper. They may contain information about members of the congregation, such as age, date of baptism, christening, or birth; marriage information and maiden names; and death date. For general information about Florida denominations, view the Florida Church Records wiki page.



Land and property records can place an ancestor in a particular location, provide economic information, and reveal family relationships. Land records include: deeds, abstracts and indexes, mortgages, leases, grants and land patents.

See Florida Land and Property for additional information about early Florida land grants. After land was transferred to private ownership, subsequent transactions were usually recorded at the county courthouse and where records are currently housed.

USGenWeb Florida Territorial Land Records

Local Histories

Local histories are available for Gadsden County, Florida Genealogy. County histories may include biographies, church, school and government history, and military information. For more information about local histories see the wiki page section Florida Local Histories.


Jackson CountyCalhoun CountyLiberty CountyLeon CountyGrady CountyDecatur CountyFL GADSDEN.PNG
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Click a neighboring county
for more resources


Civil War
World War I
Korean War
Vietnam War


Additional newspapers abstracts can sometimes be found using search phrases such as Gadsden County, Florida Genealogy newspapers in online catalogs like:



Probate records are held by the Gadsden County, Florida Genealogy Clerk of Court and are housed at the Gadsden County, Florida Genealogy Courthouse. See the wiki page Florida Probate Records for information about how to use probate records.

Content: Probate Records may give the decedent's date of death, names of his or her spouse, children, parents, siblings, in-laws, neighbors, associates, relatives, and their place of residence.

Record types: Wills, estates, guardianships, naturalizations, and adoptions.

Online Probate Records

  • 1784 – 1990 FamilySearch Florida Probate Records 1784-1990 — images
  • 1810 – 1974 $ Florida Wills and Probate Records 1810-1974 — index and images $


Taxes were levied on free white males over 21 and slaves aged 21 to 60. These persons are referred to as "polls." Tax listings, or digests, of a county generally list the taxable landowners and other polls and the amount of tax. The records for each county are divided by militia district. For more information see the wiki page Florida Taxation.

Vital Records

Vital Records consist of births, adoptions, marriages, divorces, and deaths recorded on registers, certificates, and documents. A copy or an extract of most original records can be purchased from the Florida Department of Health, Bureau of Vital Statistics, the County Clerk's office of the county where the event occurred or order electronically online. See also How to order Florida Vital Records

For some online statewide indexes, see the FamilySearch Historical Record Collections for Florida.

Birth Records
Death Records
Divorce Records
Marriage Records

Societies and Libraries

Gadsden County Historical Society
PO Box 231
Quincy 32351-0231

West Gadsden Historical Society
Post Office Drawer D
Greensboro, FL 32330-0803
Telephone Number:850-442-6434

Family History Centers

Family history centers provide one-on-one assistance and free access to premium genealogical websites. In addition, many centers have free how-to genealogy classes. See family history center for more information. Search the online FHC directory for a nearby family history center.



  1. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Gadsden County, Florida . Page 133-137 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002; Alice Eichholz, ed. Ancestry’s Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources, Third ed. (Provo, Utah: Ancestry, 2004), 143-145.
  2. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Gasden County, Florida. Page 134 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  3. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. (Draper, UT:Everton Publishers, 2002).
  4. Wikipedia contributors, "Gadsden County," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia,,_Florida 04/24/2017.
  5. Wikipedia contributors, "Gadsden County, Florida," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia,,_Florida, accessed 26 January 2019.