Gabon History

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Since its independence from France in 1960, the sovereign state of Gabon has had three presidents. In the early 1990s, Gabon introduced a multi-party system and a new democratic constitution that allowed for a more transparent electoral process and reformed many governmental institutions.

Abundant petroleum and foreign private investment have helped make Gabon one of the most prosperous countries in Sub-Saharan Africa but because of inequality in income distribution, a significant proportion of the population remains poor.


1885 - France officially occupied Gabon
1910 - 1959 Gabon became one of the four territories of French Equatorial Africa, a federation that survived until 1959