France Occupations

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Occupations

Burgess rolls and guild records (Registres de bourgeoisie et corporations de métiers)

Research use: Sometimes a useful linkage tool where several generations are listed; town of origin of an ancestor may be given.

Record type: Citizen lists and inhabitants of a given town; lists of persons entitled to the rights, privileges, and protection of a town or community.

Time Period: 1300-1800. Some as early as the 12th century.

Content: Names, ages, sometimes social and economic status of citizens, occupations, town of origin, dates when citizenship rights in a town were acquired, sometimes family relationships.

Location: National, departmental, municipal and town archives.

Percentage in Family History Library: 1%.

Population coverage: 20%.

Reliability: Good.[1]

Public officials and government employee records (Dossiers personnels des fonctionnaires)

Research use: Primarily for family relationships and to extend lineage beyond other existing records.

Record type: Personnel records of government employees and officials.

Time Period: 1525-present.

Content: Names, genealogies, biographies of public officials, clergy, rabbis, doctors, businessmen, notaries, artisans, professors, etc.

Location: National, departmental, municipal archives.

Percentage in Family History Library: 0%.

Population coverage: 20%.[1]

French Occupations List

A

French English
accoucheur obstetrician
accoucheuse midwife
adjudicateur judge, awarder
admodiateur national agent
agent des postes post office employee
agent national federal agent
agent voyer road surveyor, inspector of highways
anspessade rigman, pikeman
apothicaire apothecary, druggist
appareilleur workman (construction)
apprêteur hat trimmer or finisher
arboriculteur (arboriste) arboriculturist, nurseryman
archichancelier grnd chancellor
archichapelain head chaplain
archidiacre archdeacon
archiviste records keeper
argenteur silver plater
argentier treasurer
argoulet mounted archer
argousin prison warden
armateur gérant ship's husband or manager
armurier armorer, gunsmith
arpète errand boy, apprentice
arquebusier gunsmith
arrimeur stevedore
artificier fire work marker
artilleur artilleryman
ascensionniste climber, balloonist
asservisseur slaver
assesseur assessor
assureur insurer
aubergiste innkeeper
avant-coureur herald, forerunner
aviculteur poultry farmer
avocat lawyer, barrister
avoyer Swiss cantonal magistrate

B

French English
bachoteur ferryman
bailleur lessor (baner)
bailli baillif
baliseur buoy tender
ballonnier balloon vendor
bandagiste truss maker
bardeur stone carrier
barilleur or barillier cooper
barnum showman
barreur helmsman
bateleur juggler
bêcheur ditch digger
bedeau church usher, verger
berger shepherd
bétonnière concrete mixer
beurrier butter man
biffin infantryman
billardier billiard, table maker
bineur hoer (farmer)
blasonneur interpreter of coats of arms
bloqueur brakeman
bluteur bolt maker
boiseur timberman (mining)
boisselier bushel maker and cooper
bossetier glass blower
boucher butcher
bouchonnier cork vendor or maker
bouilleur distiller of spirits
boulanger baker
bourgeois townsman, citizen
bourrelier harness maker
bousilleur adobe builder
boutillier cup bearer
boutonnier button maker
boyaudier gut spinner
braconnier poacher
briqueteur bricklayer
briquetier brick maker
bûcheron woodcutter
buffetier room keeper
burineur engraver

C

French English
cabaretier tavern-keeper
cadranier dial maker
cageur raftman
caillouteur roadman
calligraphe penman
calotin churchgoer, priest
calottier cap maker
calvanier laborer in harvest time
cambrioleur burglar
canetière spooler (woman)
canoteur oarsman
cantonnier roadman (worker)
canut silk weaver
capitoril town councellor
cardinaliste partisan of Richelieu or Mazarin
carreleur floor tiler
cartomancien fortune teller
cartonneur book binder
casernier barrack warden
catalogueur cataloguer
catégoriseur one who categorizes
centurier maker of belts
certificateur certifier
chagrinier shagreen maker
chaineur chain measurer
chainiste chain maker (surveyor)
chambrier chamberlain
chamelier camel driver
champêtre village policeman
champignonniste mushroom grower
chanoine canon
chansonnier song writer
chapelier hatter
chapier cope bearer
charcutier pork butcher
chargeur loader, stoker
chariot public executioner (eighteenth century Paris)
charpentier carpenter, shipwright
charretier waggoner
charron wheelwright
chasse-marée fish cart driver
chasseur hunter
chasublier church finisher
châtreur gelder
châtelain castellan
chaufournier lime merchant
chaulier lime burner
chaumier thatcher
chaussetier hosier
chausseur shoe salesman
chef d'escadron cavalry major
chef d'orchestre bandmaster, conductor
chef de gare station master
cheminot railwayman
chemisier shirt maker
chevalier-errant knight-errant
chevaucheur rider, horseman
chevau-léger light cavalryman
chevillard wholesale meat salesman
chevrière goat girl
chiffreur code maker, cipherer
chimiste chemist
chiromancien palmist
chirurgien surgeon
choriste chorister
Chrétien Christian
chroniqueur chronicler
chronométreur time keeper
cimentier cement maker
cingleur shingler
cirier wax worker
ciseleur carver, sculptor
cloutier nail maker
cocher coachman, driver
coédacteur co-editor
colocataire joint tenant
colombophile pigeon breeder
colon colonist, planter, farmer
coltineur coal porter
commercant trader, merchant
communard member of the Parish commune
commis clerk
compatable accountant, expert compatable auditor
concesseur grantor (will)
concierge doorkeeper, janitor
conclaviste attendant priest at conclave
condisciple schoolfellow
conférencier lecturer
confiturier preserve maker
connaisseur expert
sonteur story teller
contrebandier smuggler
contrefacteur counterfeiter
convayeur conveying officer, guard
copain pal, friend
copermutant one who exchanges with another
copreneur co-lessee, joint tennant
corailleur coral fisher
cornemuseur piper
corroyeur currier, leather worker
corsetier corset maker
courrier messenger, courier, post-boy
cousette apprentice of a dress maker
couturier seamstress
couventine nun, convent school girl
croque-note street musician
cuisinier cook
curé priest

D

French English
débâcleur water or port bailiff
déballeur unpacker
débardeur workman who unloads
décrueur or décruseur a person who prepares silk for dying
définiteur deputy curate
défricheur clearer, settler
dégraisseur wool scourer
dégrossisseur one who rough hews, trims
dégustateur wine taster
dentellier, ère lacemaker (male, female)
détrousseur highwayman, robber
dévaliseur thief, burglar
devancier predecessor, ancestor
diaconesse deaconess
diacre deacon
diseur sayer, teller (soothsayer)
domestique servant, domestic
donataire donee, receiver
donateur or donneur donor, giver
doreur gilder
douanier custom officer
draveur raftsman, wood floater
droguiste druggist
drousseur wool comber

E

French English
ébaucheur workman employed to rough-hew
ébéniste cabinet maker
éboueur road sweeper, scavenger
ébourgeonneur bud trimmer, vineyard pruner
écailler oyster man
échangiste exchanger, free trader
échanson cup bearers
échevin sheriff, alderman
éclusier sluceman, lock-keeper
écorcheur knacker, fleecer
écoreur supervisor
écosseur sheller
écraseur crusher
écureur de marmites sponger
édificateur builder
élagueur pruner
embatteur or embateur cooper, smith
embaumeur embalmer
emmancheur handle maker
émondeur pruner, trimmer
émouleur knife sharpener
émpailleur chair mender
encadreur frame maker
encaisseur cashier
encaqueur herring packer
enchérisseur bidder (auction)
engagé pledged to military, engaged to be married
enquêteur investigator
entrebâilleur door porter
entreposeur warehouse keeper
entrepreneur de transports forwarding agent
entrepreneur de pompes funèbres undertaker
entrepreneur de maçonnerie master mason
épistolographe letter writer
escrimeur fencer
essayeur assayer, estimator
essayiste essayist
estampeur stamper
étalonneur inspector of weights
étameur tinner, one who makes mirrors
évaluateur valuer, appraiser
éventailliste fan maker

F

French English
facteur maker, manufacturer, porter, postman
facturier invoice clerk
faisandier pheasant breeder
fantassin foot soldier, infantryman
farinier flour dealer
fauconnier falconer
femme de chambre parlor maid
femme de charge housekeeper
femme de lettres authoress
femme poète poetess
femme sculpteur sculptoress
femme médecin doctor (female)
femme-agent police woman
femme-soldat service woman
ferblantier tinman
fermier tenant farmer
ferrant shoeing smith
ferreur shoeing smith
ficeleur packer
flibustier buccaneer
flottard naval cadet
fondeur founder, caster
fontainier fountain maker
forban pirate
foreur borer, driller
forgeron blacksmith
fouilleur excavator
fouleur fuller, wine presser
fourbisseur furbisher, sword cutter
fourier social scientist
fournier oven keeper, parish baker
fourrageur forager, marauder
francs-tenancier freeholder
frangeuse fringe maker
fraudeur defrauder, smuggler
fréteur freighter, charterer
frocard (coll.) monk
fromager cheese maker
frotteur floor scrubber
fuyard fugitive, runaway

G

French English
gabelou workman who collects salt tariffs
gagne-deniers unskilled worker
gagne-pain breadwinner, livelihood
gagne-petit knife grinder
gainier sheath maker, scabbard maker
galibot pit boy
gantier glove maker
garant guarantor
garantisseur warranter
garçon de cabine cabin steward
garçon d'honneur bestman
garçon tailleur journeyman tailor
garae guard, watchman
garde de cheval horse guard
garde-port harbor master
gargotier keeper of cook shop
garnisaire bailiffs man, garrison member
garnisseur trimmer
gaureur gofferer, maker of waffles
gazier gas fitter
gazier gauze maker
gemmeur tapper
geôlier jailer
gérant manager, editor
giboyeur fowler, sportsman
gigolette street walker
giletier waistcoat maker
gindre or geindre journeyman baker
gitan gypsy (male)
gitane gypsy (female)
glaceur glazer
gobeletier cup maker or seller
godilleur sculler, oarsman
goujat soldiers' servant, hod carrier
gourgandine harlot
gradé noncommissioned officer
grainier seedman
graisseur oiler, lubricator
grand seigneur grand lord
grand-prêtre high priest
grand prévôt provost marshal
grand veneur master of the hounds
grappilleur grape gleaner
gréeur rigger
greffeur grafter
greffier registrar, recorder
grimpeur climber
griveleur pilferer
gruyer clerical position, prevot
guêtrier gaiter maker
gueusard, gueux beggar, ragamuffin

H

French English
habilleur dresser (theater)
hache-légumes vegetable mincer
hache-paille chaff cutter
hache-viande mincer
haleur hauler, boat tower
hallier market or stall keeper
harengère fish-wife
Hébraisant or Hébraiste Hebraist (specialist in Hebrew)
herbager grazier
herbière herb woman
herboriste herbalist, dealer in herbs
hercheur haulage boy
histrion actor, stage player
homme de cheval horseman
homme de journée day laborer
homme de loi lawyer
homme de peine laborer
homme de robe lawyer
homme-grenouille frogman
homme-sandwich sandwich man
horloger clock maker
hôte, hôtesse host, hostess
hôtelier innkeeper, host
houilleur coal miner
hucier bin maker
huissier crier of the court, usher

I

French English
immigré settler, immigrant
imprimeur printer, pressman
immolateur immolator, sacrificer
inconnu unknown person
indigotier indigo manufacturer
ingénieur engineer
inquisiteur inquisitor
instaurateur founder
interpellateur questioner

J

French English
Jardinier gardner
jaugeur gauger, one who measures capacity
journalier journeyman, day laborer
juge judge
juré juror, juryman

L

French English
laboureur plowman, farmer
laineur tea seller
lainier wool merchant, worker
lamaneur harbor or river pilot
lamier heddle maker
lamineur flattener, roller
lampiste lampmaker, lamplighter
langueyeur examiner of hog's tongue
larron thief, robber
laveur washer, scurrer
layetier box maker, packing case maker
le vicaire de Jésus Christ the pope
lecteur reader, proofreader
lépreux leper
lesteur ballast heaver
Lévite Levite, ecclesiastic
libraire bookseller, trader
lignager kinsman
limur filer, wood finisher
limonadier lemonade seller
lisseur polisher
littérateur literaryman, author
loueur hired out, hired hand
loueur de bateaux boat keeper
loueur de bicyclettes bicycle renter
lubrificateur lubricator
lunetier spectacle maker, optician
lutteur wrestler

M

French English
magister village schoolmaster
maieur (Belgium) mayor
mairesse mayoress
maître d'école school teacher
maître d'equipage boatswain
malletier trunk maker
malteur maltman, maltster
maltôtier tax gatherer
mandant employer
manieur handler, manager
manoeuvre common worker
manoeuvrier expert seaman, tactician
manutentionnaire manager, army storekeeper
maquignon horse dealer, go-between
maraîcher market gardener
marbreur marbler
marbrier marble cutter, polisher, quarry
marcaire stable person
marchand en détail retail merchant
maréchal marshal, field marshal
mareyeur fish salesman
marié married man
marieur matchmaker
marqueteur inlayer
marqueur (euse) marker, scorer, tally keeper
marteleur hammerman
matelot sailor, seaman
mastroquet pub keeper
mécanicien mechanic, machinist
mécanicienne sewing girl
médailleur die sinker
mégissier tawer, leather dresser
mendiant beggar
menuisier joiner, carpenter
mercier haberdasher
messire sire, master, squire
métreur appraiser
meunier miller
milicier militiaman
miroitier looking glass maker, vendor
modellist or modéliste dress designer
moine monk, friar
monnayeur coiner, minter
monseigneur my lord, archbishop
monteur setter, mounter of jewels
montreur showman, exhibitor
mousse cabin boy, ship boy
mulâtre mulatto
mytiliculteur mussel breeder

N

French English
nielleur enameller in niello
niveleur leveller
nocher pilot, boatman
nolisateur or noliseur freighter, charterer
nosologiste classificator of illnesses
notaire notary, solicitor
nourrice wet nurse
nourrisseur cow keeper, cattle feeder
nouvelliste newswriter, short story writer

O

French English
oenophile wine connoisseur
officier reformé half pay officer
officiers mariniers petty officers
oiseleur bird catcher, fowler
oiselier bird seller
oleiculteur olive grower or manufacturer
ornemaniste sculptor, painter of ornaments
orpailleur gold washer, seeker
ostréiculteur oyster growers
outilleur tool maker

P

French English
pailleur dealer in straw
palefrenier groom, ostler
panetier bread store keeper
pantouflier slipper maker
paqueteur packer
parcheminier parchment maker
parqueteur floor layer
patachon captain, steersman, coach driver
patenté licensed dealer
paumier tennis court keeper
payeur payer, pay clerk master
paysagiste landscape painter
peaussier skinner, skin dresser
pêcheur fisherman
pédiatre pediatrician, children's doctor
peigneur wool comber
peignier comb maker, seller
peintre painter
peintre verrier painter on glass, stained glass maker
peloteur ball maker
péquenot peasant, bumpkin
perrier quarryman
perruquier barber, wigmaker
peseur weigher
philatéliste stamp collector
piqueur outrider, overseer
piquier pike man
pilote pilot, guide
pisteur tout, tracker, spy
placeur placer, registry office keeper
plaqueur silver plater
plombeur stamper (custom house)
plombier lead worker, plumber
plumassier feather merchant
poêlier stove dealer or maker
pointilliste stipple engraver, pointillist
polisseur polisher
pompier pump maker, fireman
pompiste pump attendant
pontier bridge keeper
porcelainier porcelain maker, worker
porion fireman in coal mine
portageur toter, carrier
porte-auge hod carrier
porteballe pedlar, packman
porte-étendard standard bearer, coronet
portefaix porter, street porter
porteflambeau torchbearer, linkman
porte-masse mace bearer
poseur one who lays down stones
posticheur wig maker
postier post office employee
potard chemist's clerk
poudrier gunpowder maker
pouldiller poulterer
pousse-cailloux footslogger, infantryman
précepteur tutor, teacher
prêcheur preacher
premier-né firstborn
prêteur lender
prêteur sur gages pawnbroker
prêtre priest
prêtresse priestess
prévôt de salle d'armes fencing master's assistant
prévot des marchands provost of the guilds
prieur prior (superior of a covenant)
priseur snuff taker
prochain neighbor
procureur de la République public prosecutor
procureur général attorney general
propriétaire landholder
prosateur prose writer
protuteur acting guardian
proviseur headmaster
pugiliste boxer, fighter

R

French English
radoubeur ship repairer, caulker
raffineur sugar refiner
ramasseur gatherer, collector
rapetasseur piercer, patcher, cobbler
ravaudeur mender
rebrousseur striker (of skins)
recenseur census taker, enumerator
receveur des postes postmaster
rédacteur writer, clerk, editor
redresseur de torts knight-errant
rédacteur gérant managing editor
refouloir rammer (of a gun)
regleur regulator (of clocks), one who rules
regrattier huckster, dealer in vegetables and cheese
réhabilleur mender (furniture)
reître Germa horse soldier
renardier fox catcher
rentier renter
repasseur de couteaux knife grinder
répétiteur private teacher, coach, chorus master
requérant plaintiff, applicant
résignataire resignee
résinier resin tapper
riboteur tippler, boozer
rimeur rhymer, versifier
robin lawyer
robinetier brass smith
rocailleur rockwork maker
rochassier rock climber
rôdeur prowler, vagrant
romancier novelist
ronchonnot old retired officer
rosiériste rose grower
rôtisseur cook shop keeper
rouleur traveling journeyman
roulier wagoner, carter, carrier
rubanier ribbon maker or vendor

S

French English
sabotier sabot-maker, shoemaker
sabreur swashbuckler, cavalry soldier
sacristine vestry nun
saigneur bleeder, blood letter
saleur salter, curer
sandalier sandal maker
sans-emploi unemployed person
sans-filiste wireless operator
sans-patrie person without a country
sans-travail unemployed person
sapeur sapper
sapeur-telégraphiste soldier of the signal corps
sardinier sardine fisher or packer
sasseur sifter, winnower
satineur satiner, glazer
saucier sauce maker, sauce setter
saunier salt-maker, vendor
sauveteur rescuer, lifeboat man
savant scholar, scientist
savonnier soap boiler, manufacturer
scrutateur investigator
secouriste qualified first aider
sectateur follower, votary
seigneur lord, nobleman
sellier saddler
semainier officer, monk, actor
séranceur hackler
sergent-instructeur drill sergeant
serger or sergier serge weaver
serrurier locksmith
sertisseur setter, mounter
servreuse dry nurse
sicaire hired assassin
sioniste zionist
siroteur tippler
soiriste drama critic
soldat réformé invalid veteran
sommelier butler, cellarman
soudard old soldier, mercenary
souffleur de verre glass blower
sous-bibliothécaire assistant librarian
sous-chef deputy head clerk or manager
sous-commissaire undercommissary, assistant paymaster
souscripteur subscriber, underwriter
souscrivant underwriter
sous-diacre subdeacon
sous-directeur submanager
sous-économe subtreasurer
sous-fermier under-lessee
sous-governeur deputy-governor
sous-intendant deputy-commissary
sous-lieutenant second lieutenant
sous-lieutenant aviateur pilot officer
sous-Jocataire undertenant, subtenant
sous-officier noncommissioned officer
sous-préfet subprefect, under-sheriff
sous-secrétaire under-secretary
statuaire sculptor of statues
stockiste warehouseman or agent
sucrier sugar maker, vendor

T

French English
taillandier edge tool maker
tailleur d'habits tailor
tailleur de pierre stone cutter
talonnier heel maker
tamiseur sifter
tamisier sieve maker or vendor
tâteur feeler, taster, waverer
taupier mole catcher
tavernier tavern keeper
taxateur taxer, assessor
teilleur or tilleur scutcher
teinturier dyer
tendeur setter of snares
teneur de livres bookkeeper
theatin theatine (monk)
timbreur stamper
timonier steersman, helmsman
tirailleur sharpshooter, skirmisher
tireur marksman, rifleman
tisserand weaver
tisseur weaver
titulaire titular, incumbent, bearer
toilier dealer in linen, manufacturer of linen
toiseur measurer, quantity surveyor
tôlier manufacturer of sheet-iron
tombeur housebreaker, demolition worker
tondeur de drap cloth shearer
tonsuré cleric, priest
tordeur twister (silk)
tourbier peat worker, runner of peat bog
tourier monk or non attending the turn box
toumasseur thrower of pottery
traitant tax farmer
traiteur restaurant keeper, caterer
traqueur beater (in hunting)
travailleur worker, labourer
trayeur milker
treillageur or treillagiste trellis maker or vendor of lattice
trempeur temperer, whetter
trésorier treasurer
tresseur plaiter, braider
tricoteur knitter
trieur sorter, picker
trimardeur tramp, vagabond workman
tringlot trooper in the baggage train
tripotier gaming house keeper
trouveur discoverer, inventor
tulliste tulle maker or seller

U

French English
urbaniste city designer, town planner
usinier manufacturer, millowner
usurier usurer

V

French English
vaguemestre baggage master
vandevilliste vaudeville writer
vannier basket maker
veilleur de nuit night watchman
velite light armed soldier, skirmisher
veloutier velvet weaver
vendeur vendor, seller, salesperson
verdurier greengrocer
vergetier brush maker
vérificateur verifier, examiner, inspector
verrier glass maker
vicaire général vicar-general
vice-gérant deputy manager
vice-reine wife of viceroy
vice-roi viceroy
vidame vidame (minor noble)
vidangeur nightman, scavenger
vieux troupier old campaigner
vigie look-ut man
vigneron wine-dresser, wine grower
vignettiste vignette engraver
vilain village peasant
vinaigrier vinegar maker, merchant
viseur aimer (artillery)
viticulteur vine grower
vitrier glass maker, glazier
vivandier sutler, canteen manager
voilier sail maker, sailer
voleur thief, robber
voltigeur light infantry soldier, rifleman
voué one who vows
voyageur traveller
vrillier gimlet maker

W

French English
wattman tram driver

X

French English
xylographe xylographer, wood engraver

Z

French English
zingueur zinc worker

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 The Family History Department of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, “Family History Record Profile: France,” Word document, private files of the FamilySearch Content Strategy Team, 1984-1998.