Fluvanna County, Virginia Genealogy

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Fluvanna County

Guide to Fluvanna County, Virginia ancestry, family history and genealogy birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, immigration records, and military records.


Fluvanna County, Virginia
Boundary map of Fluvanna County, Virginia
Map of Virginia highlighting Fluvanna County
Location in the state of Virginia
Map of the U.S. highlighting Virginia
Location of Virginia in the U.S.
Founded 1777
County Seat Palmyra

County Information


Fluvanna County is located in the Central portion of the Commonwealth of Virginia and was named for the Fluvanna River, the name given to the James River west of Columbia, Virginia. Fluvanna means "Annie's River" in honor of Queen Anne of England[1].

Fluvanna County Virginia Courthouse

Fluvanna County Courthouse
P O Box 299
Palmyra, Virginia 22963
Phone: 804-589-8011

Clerk Circuit Court has birth and death records 1853-1896,
marriage, divorce, probate court and land records from 1777
and some burial records[2]

Known Beginning Dates for Major County Records[3]
Birth* Marriage Death* Court Land Probate Census
1853 1777 1853 1777 1777 1777 1810
Statewide registration for births and deaths began in 1912.
General compliance year is unknown.

Fluvanna County Virginia History

Parent County

1777--Fluvanna County was created 5 May 1777 from Albemarle County.
County seat: Palmyra [2]

Boundary Changes

For animated maps illustrating Virginia county boundary changes, "Rotating Formation Virginia County Boundary Maps" (1617-1995) may be viewed for free at the MapofUS.org website.

Record Loss

There is no known history of courthouse disasters in this county.

  • Lost censuses: 1790, 1800, 1890

Fluvanna County Virginia Places/Localities

Populated Places

Fluvanna County Virginia Genealogy Resources

Research Guides

  • "A Guide to the Counties of Virginia: Fluvanna County," The Virginia Genealogist, Vol. 10, No. 2 (Apr.-Jun. 1966):76-77. Available at FHL; digital version at American Ancestors ($).
  • Murphy, Marie Martin. "Fluvanna County Research," The Virginia Genealogical Society Newsletter, Vol. 23, No. 6 (Jun. 1999):1-3. Available at FHL; digital version at Virginia Genealogical Society website.

African American

Fluvanna County, Virginia Genealogy cohabitation records are available online.

Freedmen's Bureau Letters or Correspondence, 1865-1872

Bible Records

Images of the Virginia Historical Society's family Bible collection have been digitized:


Tombstone Transcriptions Online Tombstone Transcriptions in Print List of Cemeteries in the county
Findagrave.com Family History Library Findagrave.com
VAGenWeb WorldCat Billion Graves
VAGenWeb Archives
Tombstone Project
Virginia Gravestones
Billion Graves
See Virginia Cemeteries for more information.


For tips on accessing Fluvanna County, Virginia Genealogy census records online, see: Virginia Census.

Historical populations
Census Pop.

1782 Enumeration

1890 Union Veterans

Church Records


Early Baptist churches (with years constituted):

  1. Fork (1774)[4]
  2. Lyle's (1798), Wilmington, Va.[4] A history, which includes membership lists 1799-1815, 1877-1974, was published in 1974: FHL Book 975.547 K2t.[5] Another history was published in the Fluvanna County Historical Society Bulletin, Issue 59 (Spring 1995), as well as back in Issue 18 (April 1974).

The 10,000 name petition (dated 16 October 1776) has been digitized at the Library of Congress website. It was signed by people from all over Virginia who wanted an end to persecution of Baptists by the Established Church. Baptists and Baptist sympathizers alike signed the petition. To find your ancestor in this record, first check Hall's transcription in the Magazine of Virginia Genealogy (Vols. 35-38, with annotations in Vol. 39), which is available online at Ancestry ($). It is also available in book form at the Family History Library: FHL Book 975.5 B2vs v. 35-39. Then proceed to the Library of Congress website to see the original images.

Fluvanna County fell within the bounds of the Albemarle Association.

  • King, Mrs. James E. "First Minute Book, Upper Beaver Dam Church, Fluvanna, Virginia," [1830s-1850s] The Virginia Genealogist, Vol. 14, No. 3 (Jul.-Sep. 1970):99-104. FHL; digital version at American Ancestors ($).
Church of England

Gotoarrow.png See also Fluvanna Parish

Meade's 1861 history of parishes in Fluvanna County is available online.[6]



More than 25 genealogies have been published about Fluvanna County families. To view a list, visit Fluvanna County, Virginia Compiled Genealogies.


During the War of 1812, American officials reported finding a total of 1 British alien living in Fluvanna County.[7]

Land and Property

Grants and Patents

Land patents (pre-1779), land grants (after 1779) and surveys are available online at the Library of Virginia website. For step-by-step instructions on retrieving these records, read the Virginia Land and Property article.

Local Histories

  • Fluvanna County Historical Society. The Bulletin of the Fluvanna County Historical Society. Issues 1-12. The Society, 1965-1971. Digital version at Google Books (full-view).


Albemarle CountyLouisa CountyGoochland CountyCumberland CountyBuckingham CountyVA FLUVANNA.PNG
About this image
Click a neighboring county
for more resources


French and Indian War
  • Bockstruck, Lloyd DeWitt. Virginia's Colonial Soldiers. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1988. Available at FHL. [Identifies some Fluvanna County veterans; see place name index.]
Revolutionary War

Regiments. Service men in Fluvanna County served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Fluvanna County supplied soldiers for the:

- Fluvanna County Militia

Additional resources:

  • A Census of Pensioners for Revolutionary or Military Services: With their Names, Ages, and Places of Residence, as Returned by the Marshalls of the Several Judicial Districts, Under the Act for Taking the Sixth Census]. 1841. Digital versions at U.S. Census Bureau and Google Books et. al. 1967 reprint: FHL Collection 973 X2pc 1840. [See Virginia, Eastern District, Fluvanna County on page 130.]
  • Rejected or Suspended Applications for Revolutionary War Pensions. Washington, D.C., 1852. Reprinted by Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., 1969, and 1991. Reprints include "an Added Index to States." FHL Book 973 M24ur; digital version at Ancestry ($). [Includes veterans from this county; Virginia section begins on page 238.]
  • Virginia Militia in the Revolutionary War. By J.T. McAllister. 1913. Hot Springs, Va.: McAllister Pub. Co. Online at: Internet Archive
War of 1812

Fluvanna County men served in the 12th Regiment.[8]

  • Douthat, James L. Roster of War of 1812, Southside, Virginia. Signal Mountain, Tenn.: Mountain Press, 2007. Free online surname index and purchase details at Mountain Press website. FHL Collection 975.5 M2djL. [Includes Fluvanna County.]
  • List of Pensioners on the Roll, January 1, 1883; Giving the Name of Each Pensioner, the Cause for Why Pensioned, the Post-Office Address, the Rate of Pension Per Month, and the Date of Original Allowance... Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1883. FHL Collection 973 M2Lp v. 5; digital versions at Google Books and Internet Archive. [See Vol. 5, Virginia, Fluvanna County, pp. 79-80. Identifies War of 1812 veterans living in this county in 1883.]
Civil War

Regiments. Service men in Fluvanna County, Virginia Genealogy served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Listed below are companies that were specifically formed in Fluvanna County, Virginia Genealogy:

- 14th Regiment, Virginia Infantry (Confederate). Company C (Fluvanna Rifle Guard).[9]
- 44th Regiment, Virginia Infantry (Confederate). Company D (Ambler Grays), Company F (Fluvanna Hornets) and Company K (Fluvanna Guards).[10]
- 46th Regiment, Virginia Infantry (Confederate). Company D (Scottsville Grays).[11]

Online Records

Miscellaneous Records



The Virginia Newspapers Project identifies local Fluvanna County, Virginia Genealogy newspapers.

Indexed images of the Virginia Gazette (1736-1780) are available online through the Colonial Williamsburg website. In addition, Professor Tom Costa and The Rector and Visitors of the University of Virginia have created a database of all runaway advertisements for slaves, indentured servants, transported convicts, and ship deserters listed in this source and other Virginia newspapers (1736-1803), see: The Geography of Slavery in Virginia. These newspapers are valuable resources for all regions of Virginia.

Private Papers

Virginia, Historical Society Papers, 1607-2007


A free index to Fluvanna County, Virginia Genealogy wills and administrations (1777-1800) is available at the Library of Virginia.


How can Virginia tax lists help me?

  • 1782-1812 Fluvanna County Personal Property Tax Lists 1782-1812 (images); digital version in Tax List Club at Binns Genealogy ($).
  • 1782-1850 - Fluvanna County, Virginia Personal Property Tax Lists, 1782-1850. Original records, Library of Virginia, Richmond, Va.; also available on microfilm at FHL.
  • 1782-1818 - Heinegg, Paul. "Fluvanna County Personal Property Tax List 1782-1818," Free African Americans.com, available online. [Heinegg abstracted free blacks listed in these records.]
  • 1782-1800, 1863-1864, 1892 - Fluvanna County, Virginia Land (Tax) Books, 1782-1800, 1863-1864, 1892. Original records, Fluvanna County Courthouse, Palmyra, Va.; also available on microfilm at FHL.
  • 1783 - Personal Property (or Land) Tax List, 1783; index online at Revolutionary War Service website - free.
  • 1787 - Schreiner-Yantis, Netti and Florene Speakman Love. The 1787 Census of Virginia: An Accounting of the Name of Every White Male Tithable Over 21 Years, the Number of White Males Between 16 & 21 Years, the Number of Slaves over 16 & Those Under 16 Years, Together with a Listing of Their Horses, Cattle & Carriages, and Also the Names of All Persons to Whom Ordinary Licenses and Physician's Licenses Were Issued. 3 vols. Springfield, Va.: Genealogical Books in Print, 1987. Online at FamilySearch - free; FHL. (The source of this publication is the 1787 personal property tax list. Fluvanna County is included in Vol. 1.)
  • 1790, 1802 - Indexed images of the 1790 and 1802 Personal Property Tax Lists of Fluvanna County, Virginia are available online, courtesy: Binns Genealogy.
  • 1800 - "Fluvanna County, Virginia, 1800 Tax List," The Virginia Genealogist, Vol. 22, No. 1 (Jan.-Mar. 1978):16-22. Available at FHL; digital version at American Ancestors ($).
  • 1815 - Ward, Roger D. 1815 Directory of Virginia Landowners (and Gazetteer). 6 vols. Athens, Georgia: Iberian Pub. Co., 1997-2000. Available at FHL. [The source for this publication is the 1815 land tax. Fluvanna County is included in Vol. 1.]

Vital Records

Indexes to Fluvanna County, Virginia Genealogy births, marriages, and deaths are available online. These collections are incomplete, but are easy to search. Most records can also be ordered electronically online as well. Courtesy: FamilySearch. See also How to order Virginia Vital Records

Vital Record Substitutes

The Virginia Historical Society's Marriage and Obituary Index, 1736-1820 (newspaper abstracts) is available at FamilySearch. Images of the original index cards are browseable, arranged alphabetically by surname.

Funeral home records can be browsed on the following online FamilySearch collection: Virginia, Fluvanna County Colbert Funeral Home Records, 1929-1976

Fluvanna County Virginia Genealogy Societies and Libraries

Family History Centers

Family history centers provide one-on-one assistance and free access to premium genealogical websites. In addition, many centers have free how-to genealogy classes. See family history center for more information. Search the online FHC directory for a nearby family history center.

Fluvanna County Virginia Genealogy Websites

Fluvanna County Virginia Genealogy References

  1. https://www.fluvannacounty.org/ced/page/fluvanna-county-history
  2. 2.0 2.1 Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Fluvanna County, Virginia. Page 713 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  3. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Fluvanna County, Virginia . Page 710-723 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002; Alice Eichholz, ed. Ancestry’s Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources, Third ed. (Provo, Utah: Ancestry, 2004), 715-720.
  4. 4.0 4.1 Robert Baylor Semple and George William Beale, A History of the Rise and Progress of the Baptists in Virginia (Pitt and Dickinson, 1894), 221. Digital version at Google Books.
  5. Archie Paul Thompson, Lyles Baptist Church, 1774-1974, Fluvanna County, Virginia (Va.: A.P. Thompson and Trustees of Lyles Baptist Church, 1974). FHL Book 975.547 K2t.
  6. William Meade, Old Churches, Ministers and Families of Virginia, 2 vols. (Philadelphia: J.B. Lippincott and Co., 1861). Digital versions at Internet Archive: Vol. I and Vol. II.
  7. Kenneth Scott, British Aliens in the United States During the War of 1812 (Baltimore, Md.: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1979), 320-333. FHL Book 973 W4s; digital version at Ancestry ($).
  8. Stuart Lee Butler, A Guide to Virginia Militia Units in the War of 1812 (Athens, Ga.: Iberian Pub. Co., 1988), 84. FHL Book 975.5 M2bs.
  9. Edward R. Crews and Timothy A. Parish, 14th Virginia Infantry (Lynchburg, Va.: H.E. Howard, 1995). FHL Book 975.5 M2vr v. 117.
  10. Kevin C. Ruffner, 44th Virginia Infantry (Lynchburg, Va.: H.E. Howard, 1987). FHL Book 975.5 M2vr v. 39.
  11. Darrell L. Collins, 46th Virginia Infantry (Lynchburg, Va.: H.E. Howard, 1992). FHL Book 975.5 M2vr v. 85.
  12. Genealogical Society of Utah, Parish and Vital Records List (July 1998). Microfiche. Digital version at https://www.familysearch.org/wiki/en/images/3/37/Igivirginia.pdf.