Tax lists in Florida can be an important supplement to early census and land records. After Florida became a state, tax records of various kinds were kept in the counties and towns. Examples of the kind of tax records you might find are: land taxes, poor taxes, school taxes, and county road taxes.
Many tax records are housed in the county seats of each county. They include assessors’ books, railroad tax books, collectors’ books, taxable land lists, delinquent taxes, and road tax books.
The Family History Library has 66 microfilms of tax rolls for 43 counties from as early as 1839 and as late as 1891 for some counties. (Family History Library films 06888-953.
Copies of these microfilms are also available from the State Archives of Florida. The archives also has manuscript tax records.