Five Civilized Tribes Indian Agency (Oklahoma)
Indian Tribes Associated With This Agency
The Five Civilized Tribes Agency was created in 1914 by the consolidation of the Union Agency and the Commission to the Five Civilized Tribes (Dawes Commission). The Dawes Commission had been appointed in 1893 to exchange tribal lands for individual allotments. The Curtis Act (30 Stat. 495) of 1898 set forth the conditions for enrollment, allotments, jurisdictions of Federal courts, creation of town sites, leasing of mineral rights, etc.
The Five Civilized Tribes Agency had district or field offices in Ardmore, Durant, Holdenville, Okmulgee, Stilwell, Vinita, and Wewoka. Several of these district offices, established in 1908,maintained separate records from the main body of agency records.
The Five Civilized Tribes Agency was absorbed by the Muskogee Area Office in 1948.
The majority of records of individuals were those created by the agencies. Some records may be available to tribal members through the tribal headquarters.They were (and are) the local office of the Bureau of Indian Affairs, and were charged with maintaining records of the activities of those under their responsibility. Among these records are:
- Allotment records
- Annuity rolls
- Census records
- Health records
- School census and records
- Vital records
Records in the Fort Worth Archive include:
- Census rolls dating from 1852 (the early years are very incomplete)
- Records of the Commission to the Five Civilized Tribes, including tribal citizenship, enrollment and allotments
- Case files on allotees and dependents, 1908-1917
- Probate attorneys' individual case files, 1910-1952, including records of probate attorneys from:
- Ardmore, 1914-1935
- Durant, 1914-1940
- Muskogee, 1916-1927
- Vinita, 1922-1940
- Wewoka, 1920-1943
- Individual case files, 1916-1929
- Records from the individual district offices at:
- Ardmore (for Choctaw and Chickasaw), 1908-1947
- Durant (for Choctaw and Chickasaw), 1908-1948
- Holdenville, 1934-1946
- Okmulgee (for Creek), 1925-1952
- Stilwell, 1936-1947
- Vinita (for Cherokee), 1927-1951
- Wewoka (for Seminole), 1916-1951
At Fort Worth, there are also many other administrative and financial records of the agency. In addition, there are school enrollment records and records of pupils and administrative affairs of several schools, including:
- Mekasukey Academy (Seminole)
- Arstrong Academy (Choctaw)
- Wheeler Academy (Choctaw)
- Euchee Boarding School (Creek)
In the Oklahoma Historical Society, there are many more records of the Five Civilized Tribes, including:
- Court records, 1847-1898
- School records, 1867-1912
- Tribal census rolls, 1883-1890
- and many other administrative and financial records.
Wiki articles describing online collections are found at
- Oklahoma Applications for Enrollment of the Commission to the Five Civilized Tribes (FamilySearch Historical Records)
- Oklahoma Applications for Allotment, Five Civilized Tribes (FamilySearch Historical Records)
- Hill, Edward E. (comp.). Guide to Records in the National Archives of the United States Relating to American Indians. Washington DC: National Archives and Records Service, General Services Administration, 1981, pp. 168-170.
- Guide to Federal Records, Records of the Bureau of Indian Affairs, Record Group 75. Available online.
- American Indians: A Select Catalog of National Archives Microfilm Publications. Washington DC: National Archives Trust Fund Board, National Archives and Records Administration, 1998.
- Hill, Edward E. (comp.). Guide to Records in the National Archives of the United States Relating to American Indians. Washington DC: National Archives and Records Service, General Services Administration, 1981.
- Hill, Edward E. The Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880: Historical Sketches. New York, New York: Clearwater Publishing Company, Inc., 1974.
- Historical Sketches for Jurisdictional and Subject Headings Used for the Letters Received by the Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880. National Archives Microcopy T1105.
- Preliminary Inventory No. 163: Records of the Bureau of Indian Affairs. Washington DC: National Archives and Records Services. Available online