Finland, Tax Lists - FamilySearch Historical Records

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Finland

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Finland Tax Lists, 1810-1915
CID2704794
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This article describes a collection of records at FamilySearch.org.
Finland
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Flag of the Republic of Finland
LOC FI 1939 Counties.jpg
Map of Finland, 1939-1960
Finland Location in Europe.jpg
Record Description
Record Type: Taxation
Collection years: 1810-1915
Language: Swedish, Finnish
Title in the Language: Finland, Mantallslängder; Suomi, Henkikirjat
FamilySearch Resources
Related Websites
Archive
National Archives Service of Finland


Why Should I Look at This Collection?[edit | edit source]

While the primary purpose of these records was the assessment of taxes, they also serve as a quinquennial (every five years) census of most of the population for the years 1810 to 1915. In 1809, during the Finnish War between Sweden and Russia, the occupied portions of Finland pledged their allegiance to Tsar Alexander I of Russia in return for allowing Finland to keep their laws and religion. The Treaty of Frederiksham ceded Finland to the Russian Empire as the Autonomous Grand Duchy of Finland (Suomen suuriruhtinaskunta or Storfurstendömet Finland), and the Tsar assumed the title Grand Duke of Finland. This relationship lasted until 1917 when Finland declared independence following the Russian October Revolution.

What is in This Collection?[edit | edit source]

Index and images of tax lists which were recorded every 5 years beginning in 1810 and continuing to 1915. These documents are called henkikirjatin Finnish and mantallslängder in Swedish. The index includes those individuals who were recorded with first and last names or patronymics, usually the head of household or property owner. The images may also include given names, ages, and relationships of other family and household members.

Image Visibility[edit | edit source]

Whenever possible FamilySearch makes images and indexes available for all users. However, rights to view these data are limited by contract and subject to change. Because of this there may be limitations on where and how images and indexes are available or who can see them. Please be aware some collections consist only of partial information indexed from the records and do not contain any images.

For additional information about image restrictions see Restrictions for Viewing Images in FamilySearch Historical Record Collections.

Reading These Records[edit | edit source]

These records are written in Swedish and Finnish. For help reading these records see the following:

What Can These Records Tell Me?[edit | edit source]

This record gives the names of all persons resident who are eligible to pay taxes. In addition to their names it generally provides their age or birth year, occupation, and relationship to the head of household. The information varies over time, and is generally more complete in later years. It also identifies the number of persons eligible to pay taxes, the number of persons exempt, their religious affiliation and after 1810 may also indicate if any hold a Russian passport.

1810, 1815, 1820, 1825, 1830[edit | edit source]

The following fields on this census may contain valuable genealogical information.

Column (Swedish) English
Bya Namn Village name
Åboernes Namn Head of household's name
(Usually no heading) Names, relationship and age of other residents

1835, 1840, 1845[edit | edit source]

The following fields on this census may contain valuable genealogical information.

Column (Swedish) English
Bynamn Village name
(Usually no heading) Name of residence or address, names of residents
Männer / Hustrar / Enker / Söner, Dränger / Döttrar, Pigar Number of : Married men / married women / widowed / sons, male servants / daughters, female servants
Summa personer Total number of persons eligible to pay taxes
Annotations / Anmärkingar Comments

1850, 1855, 1860[edit | edit source]

The following fields on this census may contain valuable genealogical information.

Column (Swedish) English
Bynamn Village name
(Usually no heading) Name of residence or address, head of household, occupation
Männer / Hustrar / Enker / Söner, Dränger / Döttrar, Pigar Number of : Married men / married women / widowed / sons, male servants / daughters, female servants
Summa personer Total number of persons eligible to pay taxes
(Usually no heading) Names of other persons, relationship to head of household, occupation

1865, 1870, 1875[edit | edit source]

The following fields on this census may contain valuable genealogical information.

Column (Swedish) English
Bynamn Village name
Hemman, hemmansdelar och ovrige lagenheter samt vardsfolket i hvarje hushåll Name of residence and other dwellings with names of persons living there
Personernes namn och orsakerne til befrielse från mantalspenningar Names of persons exempt from paying taxes
Summa personer Total number of persons eligible to pay taxes

1880, 1885[edit | edit source]

The following fields on this census may contain valuable genealogical information.

Column (Swedish) English
By Village name
Hemmans och personers namn, samt de senares födelseår jemte orsaken til befrielse från mantalspenningar Residence and persons names, with the latter's birth year along with the reason for exemption from paying taxes
Hemman, hemmansdelar och ovrige lagenheter samt vardsfolket i hvarje hushåll Name of residence and other dwellings with names of persons living there
Summa folkmängd / Män / Qvinde Total number of persons / Men / Women
Icke lutheraner / Greker / Öfrige kristna förvandter / Icke kristna Non-Lutherans / Greek orthodox / other Christian / non-Christian
Värneplitige män af 21 års ålder Conscriptable men over 21 years of age

1890[edit | edit source]

The following fields on this census may contain valuable genealogical information.

Column (Finnish) English
Kylän nimi Village name
Tilain ja henkilöiden nimet sekä viimemainittuen syntymävuosi ja syyt vapautukseen henkirahain maksista y. m. Names and status of persons as well as their year of birth and reasons for exemption from paying taxes
Henkirahoja maksavia / Miehiä / Naisia Taxable persons / Male / Female
Yhteenlaskettu väkiluvun määrä / Miehiä / Naisia Total number of residents / Male / Female
Henkilöt, jotka ovat toisten palveluksessa, sekä heidän vaimot ja lapset Persons who are employed by others, as well as their wives and children
Ei luterilaisia / Kreikkalaisia / Muita kristinuskov / Ei kristityitä Non-Lutherans / Greek orthodox / other Christian / non-Christian
Asevelvollisia 21 vuoden ikäisiä miehiä Conscriptable men 21 years of age

1895, 1900, 1905, 1910, 1915[edit | edit source]

The following fields on this census may contain valuable genealogical information.

Column (Finnish) English
Kylän nimi Village name
Asiakirja, johon omistustahi hallinto-oikeus perustun / Laji / Antopäivä How is this property owned? / Rented, owned or mortgaged / Date
Tilan sekä maakirja- että muu paikkakunnalla käytetty nimi kuin myös henkilöin nimi ja syntymävuosi ynnä syy vapautukseen henkirahasta y. m. Name of dwelling, names and years of birth of occupants
Summa väkilukua Miehiä / Naisia Total Males / Females
Ei luterilaisia / Kreikkalais-oikeauskoisia / Muita kristityitä uskolaisia / Ei kristityitä Non-Lutherans / Greek orthodox / other Christian / non-Christian
Asevelvollisia miehiä 21 vuoden iällä Conscriptable men 21 years of age

Collection Content[edit | edit source]

These records generally include the following:

  • Persons's name
  • Age
  • Occupation
  • Residence

Sample Images[edit | edit source]

Image samples are grouped together by the form being used. Forms changed in 1810, 1835, 1850, 1865, 1880, 1890, and 1895. Prior to 1890 the forms were in Swedish. After that date they were in Finnish.

1810, 1815, 1820, 1825, 1830[edit | edit source]

1835, 1840, 1845[edit | edit source]

1850, 1855, 1860[edit | edit source]

1865, 1870, 1875[edit | edit source]

1880, 1885[edit | edit source]

1890[edit | edit source]

1895, 1900, 1905, 1910, 1915[edit | edit source]

How Do I Search This Collection?[edit | edit source]

Before searching this collection, it is helpful to know:

  • The name of the person
  • Where they lived
  • What years they were there

Search the Index[edit | edit source]

Search by name by visiting the Collection Details Page.
  1. Fill in the search boxes in the Search Collection section with the information you know
  2. Click Search to show possible matches

How Do I Analyze the Results?[edit | edit source]

Compare each result from your search with what you know to determine if there is a match. This may require viewing multiple records or images. Compare each result from your search with what you know to determine if there is a match. This may require viewing multiple records or images. Keep track of your research in a research log.

What Do I Do Next?[edit | edit source]

I Found the Person I Was Looking For, What Now?[edit | edit source]

Update your records and determine if there is any new information supplied by this record. Decide how this information can help you continue your search to find additional information.

I Can’t Find the Person I’m Looking For, What Now?[edit | edit source]

  • Consider expanding your search to neighboring villages. Consult a Finnish gazetteer to help you identify nearby areas.
  • Check the parish registers to see if the individual died or moved to another parish.
  • The person recording the information may have recorded the person with their name in Swedish or Finnish. Make sure you look for both forms of the name.

Research Helps[edit | edit source]

The following articles will help you in your research for your family in Finland.

Citing This Collection[edit | edit source]

Citations help you keep track of places you have searched and sources you have found. Identifying your sources helps others find the records you used.

Collection Citation:
The citation for this collection can be found on the Collection Details Page in the section Citing this Collection.
Record Citation:
When looking at a record, the citation can be viewed by clicking the drop-down arrow next to Document Information.

How Can I Contribute to the FamilySearch Wiki?[edit | edit source]

We welcome user additions to FamilySearch Historical Records wiki articles. We are looking for additional information that will help readers understand the topic and better use the available records. We also need translations for collection titles and images in articles about records written in languages other than English. For specific needs, please visit WikiProject FamilySearch Historical Records/Guidelines for Articles.

Please follow these guidelines as you make changes. Thank you for any contributions you may provide.