FamilySearch indexing project instructions: Virginia, United States - 1910 Federal Census

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General Information

Sample Images

Sample of an Indian schedule

Skill Level: Beginning

This project is recommended for new volunteers who are still becoming familiar with the indexing process and system.

Characteristics of This Project

  • There are two types of forms for this project.
  • Usually 50 records per image.
  • Contains only one image per batch.

Description of the Records

  • The 1910 U.S. Federal Census is handwritten on typed forms.
  • The Population schedules usually contain 50 records per image.
  • The Indian Schedules usually contain 20 records per image.

Additional Information

  • Basic indexing guidelines: For all projects.
  • Field-by-field helps: A list of all field helps.

Access Restrictions

The completed index will be freely accessible online to the general public when the collection is published. The digital images will be accessible to active FamilySearch account holders once an authentication system is put in place on Record Search. Until authentication is available, the images will not be accessible.

How To Help With This Project

  • If you have not already done so, you must register as an indexing volunteer. To do this, click here.
  • After you register, sign in to the indexing application, click the Download Batch... button, and select this project name from the list.

Project-specific Indexing Instructions

Account for Every Record on the Page

The data entry area is set at 50 records per image to match the Population Schedules. However, some pages may contain more or less than 50 records. All entry lines that are not needed must be marked as blank after all the records on the page have been indexed.

To mark an entry line as blank

  1. On the menu bar, click Edit.
  2. Select Mark Field/Record.
  3. Select Mark Record Blank.


  1. Press Ctrl+Shift+B.

To add entry lines

  1. On the menu bar, click Tools, and then click Records per image.
  2. Type the total number of records on the page, or click the up or down arrow to select the number of records on this image.
  3. Click OK.

Please remember to index all records in the order they appear on the page, regardless of line numbers. Do not mark records (or entry lines) as blank until the end of the batch.

How to Index Places

  • When a place has been misspelled, spell it correctly.
  • When a place has been abbreviated and you can determine what the abbreviation stands for, type the complete name instead of the abbreviation.
  • Use the lookup lists for assistance. However, if you are not sure what the locality should be, type the name of the place as it was written on the census.
  • If a race or nationality was recorded in any of the Place of Birth fields, only index the place of birth. For example, "Nor Norwegian" would be indexed as "Norway."

How to Index Ages

  • When anything less than a month is written for the age, enter a 0 in the Age: Month field. For example, 3 wks or 2 days would be indexed as 0.
  • When a fraction is used, change the fraction into months. For example, 0/12 would be indexed as 0; 1/4 would be indexed as 3 in the Age: Month field.

What to Index from the Previous Image

The image you download may begin with a partial family. The head of the household and other members of the family may be recorded on the previous image. The surname and the family number may have been written only once for the first member of the family. It needs to be repeated for each family member.

If the enumerator began recording a family at the bottom of the previous census page and continued at the top of the page you are indexing, you should be able to find the surname or family number from the previous image by doing the following:

  1. On the menu bar, click View.
  2. Click Show Previous/Next Image.
  3. The previous or next image will be the image you see on the right side of the double screen.
  4. Click the Previous Image button.
  5. Scroll to find the last surname or family number on the previous image.
  6. Type the surname or family number for each person in the family on the page you are indexing.
  7. Return to normal view by clicking View and then Show Previous/Next Image.

How to Use the Ruler

Because this project has two different types of registers, the highlights will only work for the Population Schedules. You may choose to use the ruler to follow the record across the page for the Indian Schedules. If so, please be aware that the ruler is not anchored to the indexing screen and does not automatically move as you move to a new entry. To see the ruler, follow these steps:

  1. On the menu bar, click View.
  2. Select Show Ruler.

Handwriting Helps

Most of these records are handwritten. It may be helpful to view the handwriting help now available on the data entry screen.

To access this help, on the toolbar just above the data entry area, click on the Handwriting Help icon (which looks like an inkwell with an orange feather quill).

Field-by-field Help

To see a complete list of the field-by-field helps for this project, click here.

Project Updates

Current information, questions and answers about this project; updated as needed.