Fairfield County, Ohio Genealogy

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Guide to Fairfield County, Ohio ancestry, family history, and genealogy birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.

This article is about a county in Ohio. For other uses, see Fairfield (disambiguation).

Fairfield County, Ohio
Boundary map of Fairfield County, Ohio
Map of the U.S. highlighting Ohio
Location of Ohio in the U.S.
Fairfield County, Ohio Courthouse.jpg
Address Fairfield County Courthouse
224 East Main Street
Lancaster, Ohio 43130
Fairfield County Website

Fairfield County, Ohio Record Dates[edit | edit source]

Known Beginning Dates for Major County Records[1]
Birth* Marriage Death* Court Land Probate Census
1867 1803 1867 1800 1803 1803 1820
Statewide registration for births and deaths started in 1908. General compliance year is unknown.
  • Parent Counties: Formed from Ross and Washington Counties in 9 December 1800.[2]
  • County Seat: Lancaster

Description[edit | edit source]

The county was named for a reference to the Fairfield area of the original Lancaster.[3] It's county seat is Lancaster and was founded December 9, 1800. It is located in the Mid-central area of the state.[4]

Places/Localities[edit | edit source]

Populated Places[edit | edit source]

For a complete list of populated places, including small neighborhoods and suburbs, visit Hometown Locator. Hometown Locator The following are the most historically and genealogically relevant populated places in this county: [5]

Unincorporated communities
Census-designated places

Neighboring Counties[edit | edit source]

Licking County  • Perry County  • Hocking County  • Pickaway County  • Franklin County

Boundary Changes[edit | edit source]

For animated maps illustrating Ohio county boundary changes, "Rotating Formation Ohio County Boundary Maps" (1788-1888) may be viewed for free at the MapofUS.org website.

Record Loss[edit | edit source]

There is no known history of courthouse disasters in this county.

Resources[edit | edit source]

Bible Records[edit | edit source]

For an extensive list of resources for Bible Records see Ohio Bible Records.

Biography[edit | edit source]

Business Records and Commerce[edit | edit source]

Cemeteries[edit | edit source]

Cemetery records often reveal birth, marriage, death, relationship, military, and religious information.

Online Grave Transcripts Published Grave Transcripts County Cemetery Directories


Family History Library




Names in Stone

USGW Tombstones

Billion Graves

Billion Graves

Ohio Gravestones

See Ohio Cemeteries for more information.

The Fairfield County Chapter of the Ohio Genealogical Society has published readings of all of the cemeteries in Fairfield County. A surname index is available on their website.

Census[edit | edit source]

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1810 11,361
1820 16,633 46.4%
1830 24,786 49.0%
1840 31,924 28.8%
1850 30,264 −5.2%
1860 30,538 0.9%
1870 31,138 2.0%
1880 34,284 10.1%
1890 33,939 −1.0%
1900 34,259 0.9%
1910 39,201 14.4%
1920 40,484 3.3%
1930 44,010 8.7%
1940 48,490 10.2%
1950 52,130 7.5%
1960 63,912 22.6%
1970 73,301 14.7%
1980 93,678 27.8%
1990 103,461 10.4%
2000 122,759 18.7%
2010 146,156 19.1%
Source: "Wikipedia.org".

Church Records[edit | edit source]

Church records and the information they provide vary significantly depending on the denomination and the record keeper. They may contain information about members of the congregation, such as age, date of baptism, christening, or birth; marriage information and maiden names; and death date. For general information about Ohio denominations, see Ohio Church Records.

Court Records[edit | edit source]

Emigration and Immigration[edit | edit source]

Ethnic, Political, or Religious Groups[edit | edit source]

Gazetteers[edit | edit source]

Genealogy[edit | edit source]

History[edit | edit source]

Local histories are available for Fairfield County, Ohio Genealogy. County histories may include biographies, church, school and government history, and military information. For more information about local histories, see the wiki page section Ohio Local Histories.

Local Histories[edit | edit source]

Land and Property[edit | edit source]

Land and property records can place an ancestor in a particular location, provide economic information, and reveal family relationships. Land records include: deeds, abstracts and indexes, mortgages, leases, grants and land patents.

See Ohio Land and Property for additional information about early Ohio land grants. After land was transferred to private ownership, subsequent transactions were usually recorded at the county courthouse and where records are currently housed.

Maps[edit | edit source]

Franklin CountyLicking CountyPerry CountyHocking CountyPickaway CountyOH FAIRFIELD.PNG
Click a neighboring county
for more resources

Military[edit | edit source]

Civil War[edit | edit source]

Civil War service men from Fairfield County served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Listed below are companies that were specifically formed in Fairfield County.

- 1st Regiment, Ohio Cavalry, Company F
- 114th Regiment, Ohio Infantry, Companies C, H, and K
World War I[edit | edit source]

Naturalization and Citizenship[edit | edit source]

Newspapers[edit | edit source]

Fairfield County, Ohio Genealogy newspapers may contain genealogical value including obituaries, births, marriages, deaths, anniversaries, family gatherings, family travel, achievements, business notices, engagement information, and probate court proceedings.

To access newspapers, contact public libraries, Ohio Genealogical Society chapters, college or university libraries, the Library of Congress, Google News, or the Ohio Memory. The Ohio Genealogical Society Obituary Database is another source of newspaper information.

For more Ohio newspaper information see the Newspaper Guides on the wiki page Ohio Newspapers and Obituaries.

Original & Microfilm:[edit | edit source]

Ohio History Connection Archives Library, 800 E. 17th Ave., Columbus, Ohio, 43211 Ohio History

  • American Lancaster gazette - American Lancaster gazette [npdb]. Lancaster, Ohio : Tom S. Slaughter, 1855-1860.
  • Baltimore Fairfield County News (Fairfield) - Baltimore Fairfield County News (Fairfield) [npdb] Baltimore 1889-1897
  • Baltimore Fairfield Leader (Fairfield) - Baltimore Fairfield Leader (Fairfield) [npdb] Baltimore 1977-1988
  • Baltimore Fairfield Recorder (Fairfield) - Baltimore Fairfield Recorder (Fairfield) [npdb] Baltimore 1970-1974
  • Baltimore News (Fairfield) - Baltimore News (Fairfield) [npdb] Baltimore 1962-1969
  • Baltimore News Recorder (Fairfield) - Baltimore News Recorder (Fairfield) [npdb] Baltimore 1968-1969
  • Baltimore Twin City News (Fairfield) - Baltimore Twin City News (Fairfield) [npdb] Baltimore 1897-1960
  • Bremen Derrick (Fairfield) - Bremen Derrick (Fairfield) [npdb] Bremen 1911-1977
  • The Buckeye news - The Buckeye news [npdb]. Canal Winchester, Ohio : O.P. Gayman
  • Canal Winchester times - Canal Winchester times [npdb]. Canal Winchester, Franklin Co., Ohio : C.M. Gould

Online Newspapers
Online Newspaper Abstracts

Newspaper Extracts and Abstracts in Book Form

Obituaries[edit | edit source]

Periodicals[edit | edit source]

Probate[edit | edit source]

From 1797 or the creation of the county, probate records were held by the Court of Common Pleas. After 1852, records are held by the {{{1}}} County Probate Court. Records include wills, estates, guardianships, naturalizations, marriage, adoption, and birth and death records (1867-1908 only). The records may give the decedent's date of death, name of spouse, children, parents, siblings, in-laws, neighbors, associates, relatives, and their place of residence.

See Ohio Probate Records for information about how to use probate records. Online Probate Records

Finding More Probate Records[edit source]

Additional probate records can sometimes be found using search phrases such as Fairfield County, Ohio Genealogy Probate Records in online catalogs like:

Public Records[edit | edit source]

Repositories[edit | edit source]

Courthouse[edit | edit source]

Fairfield County Courthouse
224 E Main Street PO Box 370
Lancaster, OH 43130-3842
Phone: 740.687.7030 

County Judge has birth records 1803-1907, marriage, death
and probate records; Clerk Court has divorce records from
1860 and court records from 1800; County Recorder  has
land records from 1803[6]

Family History Centers[edit | edit source]

Family History Centers provide one-on-one assistance, free access to center-only databases, and to premium genealogical websites.
FamilySearch Affiliate Libraries have access to most center-only databases, but may not always have full services normally provided by a family history center.

Local Centers and Libraries

Sandusky Ohio Family History Center

For additional nearby Family History Centers, search online in the FHC directory. Put your town name in the top search box.

Libraries[edit | edit source]
Fairfield Chapter of the Ohio Genealogical Society
503 Linwood Dr
Lancaster, Ohio, 43130
Wonderful resources, much more so than the Public Library
See Fairfieldgenealogy.org

Fairfield County District Library
Museums[edit | edit source]
Societies[edit | edit source]

Fairfield County Chapter of the Ohio Genealogical Society

Online Genealogy Research Groups[edit | edit source]

Taxation[edit | edit source]

Finding More Tax Records

Additional tax records can sometimes be found using search phrases such as Fairfield County, Ohio Genealogy Tax Records in online catalogs like:

Vital Records[edit | edit source]

Vital records consist of birth, death, marriage and divorce records. Marriages were usually recorded from the formation of the county and are held at the office of the County Probate Court. Divorce records are located with the county Clerk of Courts.

Any existing birth and death records from 1867 through December 19, 1908 are located at the County Probate Court. The Ohio Department of Health has birth records filed after December 20, 1908 and death records filed after January 1, 1954, while the Ohio History Connection houses death records from December 20, 1908 through December 31, 1953.

Birth[edit | edit source]

Online Birth Indexes and Records

Original Birth Records on Microfilm

Marriage[edit | edit source]

Online Marriage Indexes and Records

Original Marriage Records on Microfilm

Death[edit | edit source]

Online Death Indexes and Records

Original Death Records on Microfilm

Finding More Vital Records

Additional vital records can sometimes be found using search phrases such as Fairfield County, Ohio Genealogy Vital Records in online catalogs like:

Divorce[edit | edit source]

Websites[edit | edit source]

City Websites:[edit | edit source]

Township Websites[edit | edit source]

  1. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Fairfield County, Ohio. Page 540-547 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002; Alice Eichholz, ed. Ancestry’s Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources, Third ed. (Provo, Utah: Ancestry, 2004), 531-533.
  2. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), [FHL book 973 D27e 2002].
  3. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fairfield_County,_Ohio accessed 2/16/2017
  4. http://genealogytrails.com/ohio/fairfield/ accessed 2/16/2017
  5. Wikipedia contributors, "Fairfield County, Ohio," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fairfield_County,_Ohio, accessed 11 November 2018.
  6. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Fairfield County, Ohio. Page 541 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.