Fairfield County, Connecticut Genealogy

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United States
Fairfield County
This article is about a county in Connecticut. For other uses, see Fairfield (disambiguation).

Guide to Fairfield County, Connecticut ancestry, family history, and genealogy birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.


Fairfield County, Connecticut
Map of Connecticut highlighting Fairfield County
Location in the state of Connecticut
Founded May 10, 1666
County Seat

County Courthouse

Towns Organized Before 1800:
Brookfield 1788
Danbury 1685
Fairfield 1639
Greenwich 1640
Huntington (Shelton) 1789
New Fairfield 1740
Newtown 1711
Norwalk 1651
Redding 1767
Ridgefield 1708
Stamford 1641
Trumbull 1798
Weston 1787

  • There is no county government.
  • The government is at the town level.

Quick Facts

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Wikipedia has more about this subject: Fairfield County, Connecticut
  • Named for the hundreds of acres of salt marsh that bordered the coast.

Parent County

  • Created 10 May 1666 from the Colonial lands, one of four original counties.[1]


The county was named referring to the beauty of its fields. The county seat has none since 1960 and the county was created 1666. The County is located in the southwest area of the state.[2]

Boundary Changes

  • North part was taken to form Litchfield County 14 October 1751.

For animated maps illustrating Connecticut county boundary changes, "Rotating Formation Connecticut County Boundary Maps" (1643-1960) may be viewed for free at the MapofUS.org website.

Record Loss

There is no known history of courthouse disasters in this county.

Places / Localities



Extinct town:   • Huntington

Borough:  Newtown

Unincorporated Communities:  Auburn | Bourne | Cableville | Carroll | Carson | China Town | Clarksville | Encina | Jett | Rye Valley | Sanger | Sparta | Whitney

Aspetuck | Botsford | Black Rock | Branchville | Byram | Cannondale | Compo | Cos Cob | Cranbury | East Norwalk | Georgetown | Glenbrook | Glenville | Greenfield Hill | Greens Farms | Hattertown | Hawleyville | Huntington Center | Long Ridge | Lordship | Mianus | Nichols | Old Greenwich | Riverside | Round Hill | Rowayton | Sandy Hook | Silvermine | South Norwalk | Southport | Springdale | Unity

Neighboring Counties:  Litchfield | New Haven | New York Counties:  Dutchess | Nassau | Putnam | Suffolk | Westchester


African American

African American Civil War Memorial in Danbury, CT


  • William Willard Roberts, Pioneers and patriots of Pequannock, 1639-1799, (Salt Lake City, Utah : Filmed by the Genealogical Society of Utah, 1983).  Includes sections of old Fairfield, Stratford, and Stratfield.  "This historical synopsis...makes no pretense of being complete." Pequannock now known as Bridgeport, Connecticut.  Available at the Family History Library, FHL US/CAN Fiche 6019422.
  • J.H. Beers & Company, Commemorative biographical record of Fairfield County, Connecticut containing biographical sketches of prominent and representative citizens, and of many of the early settled families, (Chicago, Illinois : J.H. Beers, 1899).  Includes fullname index.  Available at the Family History Library, FHL US/CAN Film 1421858 Items 4-5, or FHL US/CAN Book 974.69 D3c pt.2.


Cemeteries of Fairfield County, Connecticut online and in print
Tombstone Transcriptions Online
Tombstone Transcriptions in Print (Often more complete)
List of Cemeteries in the County
See Connecticut Cemeteries for more information


Local Histories

Online County Histories

Societies, Libraries and Museums

Bridgeport Public Library – History Center
925 Broad Street(3rd floor)
Bridgeport, CT 06604
203 576-7400, ext. #7
203 576-8255 fax
E-Mail: hclibrarian@bridgeportpubliclibrary.org

Brookfield Museum and Historical Society
165 Whisconier Road
P.O. Box 5231
Brookfield, CT 06804
203 740-8140
E-Mail: brookfieldhistsoc@snet.net

Danbury Museum & Historical Society
43 Main Street
Danbury, CT 06810
203 743-5200
E-Mail: info@danburymuseum.org

Darien Historical Society
45 Old Kings Highway North
Darien, CT 06820
203 655-9233

Fairfield Museum and History Center
370 Beach Road
Fairfield, CT 06824
203 259‑1598

Gaelic American Club, Inc.
74 Beach Rd, Fairfield
CT 06824

Genealogy Club of Newtown, Connecticut
25 Main Street
Newtown, CT 06470
203 426-4533

Greenwich Library
101 West Putnam Avenue
Greenwich, CT 06830-5387
203 622-7948

Middlesex Genealogical Society
P. O. Box 1111
Darien, CT 06820
E-Mail: stevenaanderson@gmail.com

New Canaan Historical Society
13 Oenoke Ridge Road
New Canaan, CT 06840
203 966-1776
203 972-5917 fax

Ridgefield Historical Society
4 Sunset Lane
Ridgefield CT 06877
203 438-5821

Family History Centers

Family history centers provide one-on-one assistance and free access to premium genealogical websites. In addition, many centers have free how-to genealogy classes. See family history center for more information. Search the online FHC directory for a nearby family history center.



  1. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), 181. At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  2. Wikipedia contributors, "Fairfield County," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fairfield_County,_Connecticut 04/27/2017.