FYROM (Macedonia) History

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History

Macedonia is a country in the Balkan peninsula in Southeast Europe. It is one of the successor states of the former Yugoslavia, from which it declared independence in 1991. The country became a member of the United Nations in 1993, but, as a result of an ongoing dispute with Greece over the use of the name Macedonia, was admitted under the provisional description the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia

On 17 June 2018, Macedonia and Greece signed the Prespa agreement which would see the country change its name to the Republic of North Macedonia, pending approval from parliament. A 30 September non-binding national referendum on the matter passed with 90% approval, although it did not reach the required 50% turnout, leaving the final decision with parliament to ratify the result. On 19 October 2018, parliament approved of the name change with the required two-thirds majority needed to enact constitutional changes being reached. The government have now begun the procedure of completing the constitutional change needed to change the country's name, which is expected to be completed by January at the latest.

Τhe area was part of the Byzantine Empire, and was often raided and settled by Slavic tribes beginning in the sixth century of the Christian era. Following centuries of contention between the Bulgarian, Byzantine and Serbian empires, it gradually came under Ottoman dominion from the 14th until the early 20th century, when following the Balkan Wars of 1912 and 1913, the modern territory of Macedonia came under Serbian rule. In the aftermath of the First World War it became incorporated into the Serb-dominated Kingdom of Yugoslavia, which after the Second World War was re-established as a republic and which became the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia in 1963. Macedonia remained a constituent socialist republic within Yugoslavia until its peaceful secession in 1991.
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Timeline

1453 - 1912 Came under Ottoman rule until 1912
1912 - 1913 The two Balkan Wars and the dissolution of the Ottoman Empire, most of its European-held territories were divided between Greece, Bulgaria and Serbia
1913 - 1915 After the end of the First World War, the area returned to Serbian control as part of the newly formed Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes
1915 - The Serbian government pursued a policy of forced Serbianisation in the region, which included systematic repression of Bulgarian activists, altering family surnames, internal colonisation, forced labor, and intense propaganda
1929 - The Kingdom was officially renamed the Kingdom of Yugoslavia, and divided into provinces called banovinas. Southern Serbia, including all of what is now the Republic of Macedonia, became the Vardar Banovina of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia
1941 - 1945 During World War II, Yugoslavia was occupied by the Axis powers and the Vardar Banovina was divided between Bulgaria and Italian-occupied Albania
1991 - The country officially celebrates 8 September 1991 as Independence day, with regard to the referendum endorsing independence from Yugoslavia, legalizing participation in the future union of the former states of Yugoslavia
1999 - The Kosovo War, when an estimated 360,000 ethnic Albanian refugees from Kosovo took refuge in the country
2012 -Inter-ethnic tensions flared in Macedonia, with incidents of violence between ethnic Albanians and Macedonians

Internet Resources

References