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Censuses have been enumerated in Estonia in 1881, 1897, 1922, 1934, 1959, 1970, 1979, 1989, 2000, 2011. The 1897 census was conducted by Imperial Russia. General information about these censuses can be found at Statistics Estonia.
1897 Russian Empire Census
The 1897 census was a population enumeration primarily for statistical purposes in the Russian Empire. The census was enumerated in Estonia on January 28, 1897. Two copies were created, one kept locally and the other sent into the Ministry. The Ministry copy was eventually destroyed, but the local copy has survived in some regional archives and at the Estonian Historical Archive in Tartu. About 70% of the population can be found in the census.
There is a separate list for each household. The first page of each enumeration form notes state (guberniia), county (uezd), district (volost), village, name of head of household, number of dwellings, number of souls found on day census was taken (divided by sex), number living there permanently, how many people are there who are not peasants, those who live there but are not official residents, and signature of person who compiled the form. On the following pages is listed: name; note if blind, deaf, mute, or insane; relationship to head of family and head of household; age; marital status; social rank; birthplace; where registered; residence; note if person is absent at the time of the census; native tongue; literacy; place of study or graduation; main profession; additional profession; and military status.
A second census was anticipated in 1914 but World War I intervened.
- The Family History Department of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, “Family History Record Profile: Estonia,” Word document, private files of the FamilySearch Content Strategy Team, 1994-2002.