Essex County, Vermont Genealogy

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Guide to Essex County, Vermont ancestry, family history, and genealogy birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.

Essex County, Vermont
Map of Vermont highlighting Essex County
Location in the state of Vermont, United States Genealogy
Founded November 5, 1792
County Seat Guildhall
Address Essex County Courthouse
P.O. Box 75
Guildhall, VT 05905-0075
Fax: 802-676-3463
Essex County Website

Description[edit | edit source]

The County was named for the county of Essex in England. The County is located in the northeast area of the state. [1]

Essex County, Vermont Record Dates[edit | edit source]

Known Beginning Dates for Major County Records[2]
Birth* Marriage Death* Court Land Probate Census
1884 1800 1884 1800 1762 1791 1790
*Statewide registration for births and deaths began in 1857. General compliance year is unknown.

County Courthouse[edit | edit source]

County Clerk has birth and death records from 1884, marriage and burial records, a few divorce records, court records from 1800 and land records from 1762; Probate Judge has probate records from 1800.

Towns Organized Before 1800:

Wikipedia has more about this subject: Essex County, Vermont

Bloomfield 1762
Brunswick 1761
Canaan 1782
Concord 1780
Guildhall 1761
Lunenburg 1763
Maidstone 1761
Victory 1781 [3]

Quick Facts[edit | edit source]

Parent County[edit | edit source]

  • Created 5 November 1792 from Orange County. [3]

Boundary Changes[edit | edit source]

For animated maps illustrating Vermont County boundary changes, "Rotating Formation Vermont County Boundary Maps" (1764-1895) may be viewed for free at the website.

Record Loss[edit | edit source]

There is no known history of courthouse disasters in this county.

Places / Localities[edit | edit source]

Populated places[edit | edit source]

For a complete list of populated places, including small neighborhoods and suburbs, visit HomeTown Locator. The following are the most historically and genealogically relevant populated places in this county:[4]


VermontGrafton CountyCaledonia CountyEssex CountyOrleans CountyQuebecNew HampshireCoos CountyConcordVictoryEast HavenFerdinandBrightonAvery’s GoreWarren’s GoreWarner's GrantNortonAverillCanaanLemingtonBloomfieldLewisBrunswickMaidstoneGranbyGuildhallLunenburgLittletonBethlehemLymanMonroeBarnetWaterfordSaint JohnsburyKirbyLyndonBurkeSuttonNewarkWestmoreCharlestonMorganHollandDerbyStanstead EstBarnston OuestCoaticookDixvilleSaint HermenegildeEast HerefordPittsburgClarksvilleStewartstownColebrookColumbiaStratfordOdellNorthumberlandStarkLancasterKilkennyBerlinRandolphJeffersonWhitefieldDalton
Modern town borders in Essex County, Vermont.

Extinct Towns[5]

Unincorporated [6]

|} Community

  • Island Pond

Neighboring Counties

Caledonia | Orleans | Coös, New Hampshire | Grafton, New Hampshire | Compton, Quebec | Stanstead, Quebec

Resources[edit | edit source]

Archives and Libraries[edit | edit source]

Cemeteries[edit | edit source]

Tombstone Transcriptions Online Tombstone Transcriptions in Print List of Cemeteries in the county Family History Library
VTTombstone Project WorldCat Billion Graves
VTGenWeb VTInterment
Billion Graves FamilySearch Places
See Vermont Cemeteries for more information.

Census Records[edit | edit source]

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1800 1,479
1810 3,087 108.7%
1820 3,284 6.4%
1830 3,981 21.2%
1840 4,226 6.2%
1850 4,650 10.0%
1860 5,786 24.4%
1870 6,811 17.7%
1880 7,931 16.4%
1890 9,511 19.9%
1900 8,056 −15.3%
1910 7,384 −8.3%
1920 7,364 −0.3%
1930 7,067 −4.0%
1940 6,490 −8.2%
1950 6,257 −3.6%
1960 6,083 −2.8%
1970 5,416 −11.0%
1980 6,313 16.6%
1990 6,405 1.5%
2000 6,459 0.8%
2010 6,306 −2.4%
Source: "".

Church Records[edit | edit source]

List of Churches and Church Parishes

Court Records[edit | edit source]

Gazetteers[edit | edit source]

History[edit | edit source]

  • Jeffrey, William H. Successful Vermonters; a modern gazetteer of Caledonia, Essex, and Orleans Counties. East Burke, Vermont, The Historical Publishing Company, 1904. Internet Archive.
  • Child, Hamilton Gazetteer of Caledonia and Essex Counties, Vt. 1764-1887. Caledonia County, Vermont, Syracuse Journal Company, Printers and Binders, 1887. Google Books.

Land and Property[edit | edit source]

Maps[edit | edit source]

Quebec, CanadaOrleansCaledoniaCoos, New HampshireVT ESSEX.PNG
Click a neighboring county
for more resources

Military Records[edit | edit source]

Newspapers[edit | edit source]

The following historical newspapers cover Essex County.

Probate Records[edit | edit source]

Online Probate Indexes and Records

Taxation[edit | edit source]

Town Records[edit | edit source]

Vital Records[edit | edit source]

Vermont vital records were kept on the town level, and the date when formal record keeping began varied from place to place. A law requiring civil registration was enacted in 1779.

In 1857, the state began requiring town clerks to create records of the previous year’s vital events and send them to the secretary of state. The state sent cards to cities and towns, where clerks filled them out with data extracted from their vital records and then sent them back.

Those conducting research for a family that resided in one particular town should also contact the town clerk of the town where the vital event took place. A list of town clerks can be found on the Vermont Secretary of State website.

All of the vital records in the state registry are available online. There are no restrictions on public access to Vermont vital records.

See also How to order Vermont Vital Records, order electronically online or download an application for Vermont Birth Certificates, Marriage Certificates, Divorce Certificates and Death Certificates for applications to mail.

Societies, Libraries and Museums[edit | edit source]

See also a List of Vermont Archives, Libraries, Publications, Historical and Genealogical Societies

Historical Societies[edit | edit source]

  • Bakersfield Historical Society
    Bakersfield, VT 05441
    Phone: 802-827-3042
  • Canaan Historical Society
    27 Park Street
    Canaan, VT 05903
    Phone: 802-266-3989
  • Concord Historical Society
    PO Box 301
    Concord, VT 05824-0301
    Phone: 802-695-3330
  • Island Pond Historical Society
    PO Box 408
    Island Pond, VT 05846
    Phone: 802-723-4345
  • Lunenburg Historical Society
    PO Box 195
    Lunenburg, VT 05906

Family History Centers[edit | edit source]

Family History Center and Affiliate Library Locator map - search for local Family History Centers or Affiliate Libraries

  • Family History Centers provide one-on-one assistance, free access to center-only databases, and to premium genealogical websites.
  • FamilySearch Affiliate Libraries have access to most center-only databases, but may not always have full services normally provided by a family history center.

Local Centers and Affiliate Libraries

Websites[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. Wikipedia contributors, "Essex, Vermont" in,_Vermont accessed 6 Dec 2018
  2. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Essex County, Vermont . Page 698-699 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002; Alice Eichholz, ed. Ancestry’s Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources, Third ed. (Provo, Utah: Ancestry, 2004), 686-687.
  3. 3.0 3.1 Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), 698. At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  4. Wikipedia contributors, "Essex_ County,_Vermont," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia,,_Vermont accessed 24 October 2019.
  5. Michael J. Leclerc, Genealogist's Handbook for New England Research, 5th ed. (Boston, Mass.: New England Historic Genealogical Society, 2012), 394-95. At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 974 D27g 2012.
  6. Leclerc, 394-95.