Esmeralda County, Nevada Genealogy

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United States
Esmeralda County

Guide to Esmeralda County, Nevada ancestry, genealogy and family history, birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.


County Facts
County seat: Goldfield
Organized: November 25, 1861
Parent County(s): Original county[1]
Neighboring Counties
Inyo (CA)  • Mineral  • Mono (CA)  • Nye
See County Maps
Location Map

County Information


The county was named for the Spanish word for emerald.[2] It is located in the northeastern area of the state.[3]

County Courthouse

Esmeralda County Courthouse
PO Box 547
Goldfield, NV 89013-0547
Phone: 775-485-6367
Esmeralda County Website

County Clerk and Treasurer Office has marriage records from 1898, divorce and probate records from 1908, court records from 1907 and naturalization records from 1904.[4]

Esmeralda County, Nevada Record Dates

Information for this chart was taken from various sources, often containing conflicting dates. This information should be taken as a guide and should be verified by contacting the county and/or the state government agency.

Known Beginning Dates for Major Records[5]
Birth* Marriage Death* Court Land Probate Census
1887 1898 1887 1807 1863 1908 1850
Statewide registration for births and deaths started in 1911. General compliance year is unknown.

Record Loss

There is no known history of courthouse disasters in this county.

Boundary Changes

Populated Places

For a complete list of populated places, including small neighborhoods and suburbs, visit Hometown Locator. The following are the most historically and genealogically relevant populated places in this county:[7]

Unincorporated communities
Ghost towns
Locations previously listed on this page:
  • Alkali
  • Coaldale Junction
  • Columbus
  • Coyote Hole
  • Florence Hill
  • Gemfield
  • Gold Hit
  • McLeans
  • Millers
  • Montezuma
  • Montezuma Wells
  • Tokop
  • Weepah
  • West Spring

History Timeline


Bible Records


Business, Commerce, and Occupations


Cemeteries of Esmeralda County, Nevada online and in print
Tombstone Transcriptions Online
Tombstone Transcriptions in
more complete
List of Cemeteries in the County
See Nevada Cemeteries for more information

The following web site has additional information on Esmeralda county cemeteries.

Census Records

Historical populations
Census Pop.  %±
1870 1,553
1880 3,220 107.3%
1890 2,148 −33.3%
1900 1,972 −8.2%
1910 9,369 375.1%
1920 2,410 −74.3%
1930 1,077 −55.3%
1940 1,554 44.3%
1950 614 −60.5%
1960 619 0.8%
1970 629 1.6%
1980 777 23.5%
1990 1,344 73.0%
2000 971 −27.8%
2010 783 −19.4%
Source: "".

The first enumeration for Nevada before it was a state in 1864, was in the 1850 Census in both New Mexico and Utah Territories, but the area had not been divided into counties. Those living there may be in the Utah 1851 Census. For 1860, Nevada was again enumerated in New Mexico and Utah Territories. [8] A partial state census exists for Nevada in 1862 and 1863 and a full state census exists for 1875. [9] See links listed below.

State and Territory Census Records

Federal Census Records

Federal Censuses were taken for the state of Nevada starting in 1870. Although, those living in south-eastern Nevada in 1870 may be enumerated in Utah or Arizona because of disputed boundaries with Nevada.[10] For links to Federal Census indexes, see Nevada Census.

Church Records

Most church records are held by individual churches. For contact information, check a phone directory, such as SearchBug or Dex Knows. Some denominations are gathering their records into a central repository. For more information about these major repositories, see Nevada Church Records.

Court Records


Emigration and Immigration

Ethnic, Political, and Religious Groups

Funeral Homes



Land and Property Records

The county recorder's office keeps land records once the land was transferred to private ownership. Abstracts and indexes for these records are generally available at the county courthouse.

In the FamilySearch Catalog, land records for Nevada are listed in the Place Search under: NEVADA, Esmeralda – LAND AND PROPERTY

For more information see Nevada Land and Property

Local Histories

County histories may include biographies of early settlers and residents, church and school information, and local military regiments at the time of publication.

  • Aurora, Nevada. By Larry Poag. Journal Article. FamilySearch Catalog.
  • Gold Mountain, Nevada: including: Oriental (Old Camp), Tokop, Thorp and Bonnie Clare. c2004. By Alan H. Patera. Lake Grove, OR (P.O. Box 2093, Lake Grove 97035) : Western Places. At various libraries(WorldCat).
  • History of Esmeralda County, Nevada. c1968. By M. B. Aston. Seattle, Washington : Shorey Book Store. At various libraries(WorldCat).

Online County Histories

Maps and Gazetteers

Mineral CountyNye CountyInyo CountyMono CountyNV ESMERALDA.jpg
About this image
Click a neighboring county
for more resources


Military Records

These collections are unique to Nevada. You will find nationwide databases for military records on U.S. Military Online Genealogy Records and Nevada Military Records.

Civil War

World War I

World War II

Korea War

Vietnam War

Other Conflicts

For further information see Nevada Military Records.

Naturalization and Citizenship


For more information, see Nevada Newspapers.


Other Records


Probate Records

Probate records may include, wills, bonds, petitions, accounts, inventories, administrations, orders, decrees, and distributions. They may include the decedent’s date of death, names of his or her spouse, children, parents, siblings, in-laws, etc. See Nevada Probate Records for additional information.

School Records

Tax Records

Nevada tax records complement land records and can be used to supplement the years between censuses. There may be gaps of several years in the tax records. Most tax records can be obtained from the county treasurer or assessor. For more information, see the wiki page Nevada Taxation. The Family History Library does not have copies of Nevada tax records (as of June 2013).

Vital Records

Vital Records consist of births, adoptions, marriages, divorces, and deaths recorded on registers, certificates, and documents.

A copy or an extract of most Nevada original records can be purchased from the Nevada Department of Health and Human Services or the County Clerk's office of the county where the event occurred. See also Nevada Vital Records. For information about restrictions and costs for certificates, see the CDC Where to Write for Vital Records site.





Research Facilities


Family History Centers

Family History Centers provide one-on-one assistance and free access to premium genealogical websites. In addition, many centers have free how-to genealogy classes.


  • Goldfield Public Library
    P. O. Box 430
    Goldfield, NV 89013
    Phone: 775-485-3236



  • Goldfield Historical Society
    Box 393
    Goldfield, NV 89013
  • Nevada State Genealogical Society
    P.O. Box 20666
    Reno, NV 89515
  • Clark County Nevada Genealogy Society
    PO Box 1929
    Las Vegas, NV 89125-1929
  • Nevada Historical Society
    1650 North Virginia Street
    Reno, NV 89503
    Phone: 775-688-1190
  • Tri-State Genealogical Society
    For Arizona, California, Nevada
    PO Box 21902
    Bullhead City, AZ 86439


  • USGenWeb project. May have maps, name indexes, history or other information for this county. Select the state, then the county.
  • FamilySearch Catalog - The FamilySearch catalog contains descriptions and access information for all genealogical materials (including books, online materials, microfilm, microfiche, and publications) in their collection.  Use Historical Records to search for specific individuals in genealogical records

Research Guides


  1. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. (Draper, UT: Everton Publishers, 2002).
  2. Genealogy Trails History Group, “Esmeralda County, Nevada Genealogy and History”, accessed 3/27/2017.
  3. Wikipedia contributors, "Esmeralda County," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia,,_Nevada 3/27/2017.
  4. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Esmeralda County, Oregon page 442, At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  5. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Esmerelda County, Nevada. Page 442. At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002; Alice Eichholz, ed. Ancestry’s Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources, Third ed. (Provo, Utah: Ancestry, 2004), 428.
  6. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. (Draper, UT: Everton Publishers, 2002).
  7. Wikipedia contributors, "Esmeralda County, South Dakota," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia, accessed 14 March 2017.
  8. William Thorndale and William Dollarhide, Map Guide to the U.S. Federal Censuses (Bountiful, UT: American Genealogical Lending Library, 1985), page 211.
  9. ’'Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), 437. At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002; Alice Eichholz, ‘’Ancestry’s Red Book: American State, County and Town Sources,’’ 3rd ed. (Salt Lake City: Ancestry, 2004), 422. Free online version; FHL Book 973 D27rb 2004; WorldCat entry.
  10. William Thorndale and William Dollarhide, Map Guide to the U.S. Federal Censuses (Bountiful, UT: American Genealogical Lending Library, 1985), page 212.