|England Wiki Topics|
|Local Research Resources|
English newspapers began in 1620. At first content was limited to foreign news. A tax on each printed sheet of paper limited the number of pages and the amount of information now useful to family historians. The first successful newspaper was the London Gazette, a biweekly government list of bankruptcies, naturalizations, official acts, and public notices. It began in 1665/6 and still continues today.
In 1690 the first local newspaper began in Worcester. The content was still very limited because of taxes, but useful items published from 1690 to 1800 include the following:
- Ads with physical descriptions of runaway apprentices, giving the apprentices’ names, addresses, occupations and the names of their fathers and masters.
- Ads to locate runaway or kidnapped children, military deserters (with physical description, previous occupation, age, and place of birth), and missing heirs or family members.
- Marriage, engagement, and death notices (since 1730) [But do bear in mind only a very small percentage of Marriages and Deaths were reported due to the limited physical size of the newspaper].
Local newspapers did not flourish until the paper tax was lowered in 1836. When the tax was abolished in 1855 hundreds of newspapers started.
If a newspaper is not online then it is necessary to search newspapers on microfilm and determine if there are paper indexes. Microfilmed newspapers can be found in County Record Offices and the British Newspaper Library.
The following works may help you decide if newspapers contain the information you need:
- Nicholson, Cregoe D. P. The Genealogical Value of Early English Newspapers. London, England: C.D.P. Nicholson, 1934. FHL 1468841 item 7; FHL 6026113
- College of Arms, comp. Gentleman’s Magazine Index. Bound unpublished manuscript. N.p., 1958–60. FHL 942 B2g Index; FHL 599738 – FHL 599761; FHL 6026701
Increasingly Digitalisation is opening up access to "trapped data" in newspapers for example:
- Thomson-Gale The Times Online for example adds significantly to Palmer's Index
- British Library Burney Collection of 18th Newspapers
- British Library Digitalisation of 19th Century Newspapers
- The Scotsman, The Guardian etc are also available on a Pay per View Basis
Archives and Libraries
Copies of British newspapers are at many repositories and libraries. The most complete collection is in the Newspaper Library section of the British Library (see England Archives and Libraries for the address).
The British Library has made many county newspapers available online with an every name index. The history is recorded as it happened. You may think that only more prominent people would be mentioned in the newspapers.
- Mention of births, deaths, and marriages was for the more prominent people in the area. Obituaries for those that lived near 100 years old.
- Court cases that mention witnesses and detailed account of the event.
- Quarter Session reports on those that broke the law or were disorderly.
- Quarter Session reports for business licenses, gun licenses, etc.
- Sporting Events with names of those participating.
- Coroner inquests; sudden death was a reason for an inquest, they're more common than one might think; many go into detail about what led up to the death. Accidents recorded in detail.
- Special events in a parish or area of a county.
- National News and World News.
- Accounts of battles during war time.
Now with an every name index it is possible to determine whether your ancestor is recorded in the newspaper for any number of reasons. To use this valuable resource it must be determined if there is an indexed newspaper for the area and time period that is desired. Not every area is covered in this collection. It covers papers from 1800 to 1900.
The following work lists holdings by town of publication:
- Catalogue of the British Newspaper Library. Eight Volumes. London, England: British Museum Publications, 1975. FHL 942 A5cn
Other lists of holdings of British newspapers include:
- Bibliography of British Newspapers. London, England: The Library Association, 1975–. FHL 942 B33b This bibliography is an ongoing series. It lists newspapers by county and gives background information on the papers.
- Crane, R. S., and F. B. Kaye. A Census of British Newspapers and Periodicals, 1620–1800. Second Edition. London, England: Holland Press, 1966. FHL 942 B3ce This lists holdings at major U.S. libraries.
- Gibson, J. S. W. Local Newspapers, 1750–1920. Revised Edition. Birmingham, England: Federation of Family History Societies Publications, Limited, 1987. FHL 942 B33g This book lists holdings in English repositories, arranged by county and city.
- It's worth bearing in mind that Regional Newspapers may be a much better source for your ancestors than National Newspapers (the Gibson Guide listed above is an invaluable resource to track local holdings).
Digital Issues Online
- British Newspaper Archive, Family Notices, index and images.
- The British Library in London ($) has made many county newspapers available online with an every name index.
- British Newspapers Archive ($)
- Richard Heaton's Index to Digitalised British and Irish Newspapers Online
- On the Gentleman's Magazine FamilySearch Wiki page, a list of digitized volumes free to read online is being compiled.
- Palmer's Index: online through the Internet Archive
The London Times published notices of deaths, marriages, and births of prominent families. Abstracts with semiannual indexes from 1785 to 1933 have been prepared in Abstracts of Birth, Marriage, and Death Announcements, a manuscript on film at the Family History Library, listed in the Place Search of the FamilySearch Catalog under:
- ENGLAND, LONDON - NEWSPAPERS - INDEXES
For an index to key topics, events, deaths notices, and obituaries appearing in The London Times from 1790 to 1901, see:
- Palmer, S. Palmer’s Index to the Times Newspaper. Reprint. Nendeln, Liechtenstein: Kraus Reprint, 1965–1978. FHL 942.1/L1 B32pa
Family History Library
The Family History Library has a few English newspapers listed in the Place Search of the FamilySearch Catalog under:
- ENGLAND, [COUNTY] - NEWSPAPERS
The Family History Library usually does not collect newspapers. However, the library does collect indexes and abstracts of genealogical information from newspapers. Look in the Place Search of the FamilySearch Catalog under:
- GREAT BRITAIN - NEWSPAPERS
- ENGLAND - NEWSPAPERS
- ENGLAND, [COUNTY] - NEWSPAPERS
- British Newspaper Archives, Obituaries
- Genuki-Newspapers Online
- Online Newspapers
- Richard Heaton's Newspaper Collection