England, Durham, Probate Commissions, Monitions and Citations (FamilySearch Historical Records)
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England, Durham, Probate Commissions, Monitions and Citations, 1650-1858 .
|This article describes a collection of records at FamilySearch.org.|
|Flag of England|
|Location of Durham, England|
|Record Type||Probate Commissions, Monitions and Citations|
What is in This Collection?
This collection will include probate records from 1650-1858 from the county of Durham in North East England near the German Ocean. The name "Durham" comes from the Old English "dun", meaning hill, and the Old Norse "holme", which translates to island. It is about 40 miles in length and 30 miles in width. This county was formerly under the special jurisdiction of the bishop of Durham.
These records are linked to an index on Durham University's website: http://familyrecords.dur.ac.uk/nei/data/advanced.php
Probate courts deal in the legal administration of wills and estates. Probate agreements guarantee that a person will faithfully perform the tasks assigned to him by a probate court.
Commissions are authorizations to carry out particular acts, usually, in probate cases, to administer an oath to an executor or administrator of an estate.
Monitions are normally general summonses issued to kindred or others with an interest in a will or administration of an estate, or else instructions to do or refrain from doing a specific action.
Citations are summonses issued usually to a named person but sometimes to anyone concerned, ordering them to appear before a court for some specific purpose.
Probate Records may include:
- Name of Testator
- Name of Executor
- Names of Beneficiaries
- Place of Residence
- Witness Name(s)
How Do I Search This Collection?
As you are searching it is helpful to know such information as your ancestor's given name and surname, some identifying information such as residence, age, and family relationships. Remember that there may be more than one person in the records with the same name as your ancestor and that your ancestor may have used nicknames or different names at different times.
To search by image:
To search the collection you will need to follow this series of links:
⇒Select "Browse through images" on the initial collection page
⇒ Select the 'Reference number' category which takes you to the images.
Search the collection by image comparing the information with what you already know about your ancestors to determine if the image relates to them. You may need to look at several images and compare the information about the individuals listed in those images to your ancestors to make this determination.
- Use the name of the testator, along with the date and place, to locate death records.
- Use the information given in the probate record to determine wealth and status.
- Try to locate the names of family members or wards.
Tips to Keep in Mind
- When looking for a person who had a common name, look at all the entries for the name, or variant spellings of the name, before deciding which is correct.
- Check for variant spellings of the names.
- Titles may be clues to property ownership, occupations, rank, or status within the community.
- Search the records of nearby localities (Northumberland on the North, Cumbria on the West, North Yorkshire on the South).
- Be aware that, as with any index, transcription errors may occur.
- Probate records sometimes omit the name of the eldest son who received his inheritance according to law; the names of others who had previously received their inheritance; or any deceased family members.
- Realize that some of the mentioned children may be from a spouse’s previous marriage.
- The records may also mention a spouse who is not the parent of the children named or give inaccurate relationships of people mentioned in the document.
Citing This Collection
Citations help you keep track of places you have searched and sources you have found. Identifying your sources helps others find the records you used.
- Collection Citation
“England, Durham Probate Commissions, Monitions and Citations, 1650-1858.” Images. FamilySearch. http://FamilySearch.org : accessed 2017. Special Collections, Palace Green Library, Durham University, Durham.
When looking at an image, the citation is found on the Information tab at the bottom left of the screen.
How Can I Contribute to the FamilySearch Wiki?
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