Effingham County, Georgia Genealogy

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Effingham County

Guide to Effingham County, Georgia ancestry, family history, and genealogy birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.


Effingham County, Georgia
Map of Georgia highlighting Effingham County
Location in the state of Georgia
Founded February 5, 1777
County Seat Springfield
Effingham County Court House Springfield, Georgia.jpg
Address Effingham County Courthouse
901 N Pine Street
Springfield, GA 31329
Phone: 912.754.2101
Effingham County Website

County Information

Effingham County, Georgia Record Dates

Beginning Dates for Effingham County, Georgia Genealogy Government Records
Birth Marriage Death Census Land Probate

County Courthouse

Effingham County Courthouse
901 N Pine Street
Springfield, GA 31329
Phone: 912.754.2101

Probate Court has birth and death records from 1927, and marriage and probate records from 1790. Clerk Superior Court has divorce and court records from 1777.[1]

Clerk of Superior Court
700 N. Pine Street, Suite 110
Springfield, GA 31329
Telephone: (912) 754-2146
Fax: (912) 754-6023

Probate Court of Effingham County
700 North Pine Street, Suite 146
Springfield, GA 31329
Telephone: 912-754-2112
Fax: 912-754-2894


Parent County

1777--Effingham County was created 5 February 1777 from St. Matthew and St. Philip Parishes.
County seat: Springfield [2]

Boundary Changes

For animated maps illustrating Georgia county boundary changes, "Rotating Formation Georgia County Boundary Maps" (1758-1932) may be viewed for free at the MapofUS.org website.

Variant Spellings

Record Loss

There is no known history of courthouse disasters in this county.[3]


Populated Places

Neighboring Counties

Bryan County  • Bulloch County  • Chatham County  • Hampton County  • Jasper County  • Screven County

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Genealogy Resources

Research Guides

African Americans

Bible Records


Cemeteries of Effingham, Georgia online and in print
Tombstone Transcriptions Online
TombstoneTranscriptions in Print (Often more complete)
List of Cemeteries in the County
See Georgia Cemeteries for more information

The following web site may have additional information on Effingham County cemeteries.


Church Records

Church records and the information they provide vary significantly depending on the denomination and the record keeper. They may contain information about members of the congregation, such as age, date of baptism, christening, or birth; marriage information and maiden names; and death date. For general information about Georgia denominations, see the Georgia Church Records wiki page.

  • Ebenezer Record Book: Containing Early Records of Jerusalem Evangelical Lutheran Church, Effingham, Ga., More Commonly Known as Ebenezer Church. Savannah, Ga.: C.A. Linn, 1929. Digital version at Ancestry ($).
  • Saltzburgher Births and Baptisms 1756-1787 (digital images) Georgia Pioneers ($).
  • Constitution and By-Laws of the Georgia Saltburger Society, 1734-1925 Georgia Pioneers ($).



Land and Property

Land and property records can place an ancestor in a particular location, provide economic information, and reveal family relationships. Land records include deeds, abstracts and indexes, mortgages, leases, grants and land patents.

See Georgia Land and Property for additional information about early Georgia land grants from the government. After land was transferred to private ownership, subsequent transactions (generally buying and selling deeds) were usually recorded at the county courthouse and where records are currently housed.

Effingham County - Probate Court - Land Warrants, 1783-1787 at Georgia Archives

Local Histories

Local histories are available for Effingham County, Georgia Genealogy. County histories may include biographies, church, school and government history, and military information. For more information about local histories, see the wiki page section Georgia Local Histories.




  • Georgia Military - USGenWeb Archives Project
Civil War

Online Records

Regiments. Service men in Effingham County, Georgia Genealogy served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Listed below are companies that were specifically formed in Effingham County, Georgia Genealogy:

- 47th Regiment, Georgia Infantry (Confederate) , Companies E, and I
- 54th Regiment, Georgia Infantry (Confederate) , Company I
- Georgia USGenWeb Archives Project



Newspapers abstracts can sometimes be found using search phrases such as Effingham County, Georgia Genealogy newspapers in online catalogs like:


Probate Records

Online Probate Records

Colonial courts kept some early probate records.  From 1777 to 1798 and since 1852, the court of ordinary or register of probates has kept probate and guardianship records.  The inferior court handled probate and guardianship matters from 1798 to 1852.

Many probate records to the 1930s and 1940s are at the Georgia Department of Archives and History and the Family History Library on microfilm.

Content: Probate Records may give the decedent's date of death, names of his or her spouse, children, parents, siblings, in-laws, neighbors, associates, relatives, and their place of residence.

Record types: Wills, estates, guardianships, naturalizations, marriage, adoption, and birth and death records (not all years).

The organization Strictly By Name provides free online indexes to early Effingham County probate records. They offer a record retrieval service to photocopy and transcribe microfilm copies of the original documents for a small fee. Available indexes:

Other Sources


Taxes were levied on free white males over 21 and all slaves up to age 60. These persons are referred to as "polls." Tax listings, or digests, of a county generally list the taxable landowners and other polls and the amount of tax. The records for each county are divided by militia district.

Vital Records

Vital Records consist of births, adoptions, marriages, divorces, and deaths recorded on registers, certificates, and documents. A copy or an extract of most original records can be purchased from the Georgia State Department of Health , the County Clerk's office of the county where the event occurred or order electronically online.

For some online statewide indexes, see the FamilySearch Historical Record Collections for Georgia. See also How to order Georgia Vital Records

  • 1756 - 1787 - Saltzburgher Births and Baptisms 1756-1787 (digital images) Georgia Pioneers $
Marriage Records
  • 1750 - 1875 - Effingham County Marriage Index 1750-1875. Batch M002547 at FamilySearch - free.[4]
  • 1750 - 1875 - Marriage records, Effingham County, Georgia, 1750-1875  Lane, Jane Warren Hollingsworth, b. 1883
  • 1791 - 1834 - Effingham County Marriage Books 1 and 2 Index 1791-1834. Batch M712711 at FamilySearch - free.</ref>
  • 1832 - 1891 - Effingham County Marriage Books 3 and 4 Index 1832-1891. Batch M712712 at FamilySearch - free.</ref>
  • 1890 - 1895 - Effingham County Marriage Books B and C Index 1890-1895. Batch M712713 at FamilySearch - free.
Death Records
Vital Record Substitutes

Voter Records

Genealogy Societies and Libraries

Historic Effingham Society
1002 Early Street
P. O. Box 999
Springfield, Georgia 31329
{Open Sundays 2-5 PM}

Family History Centers

Family history centers provide one-on-one assistance and free access to premium genealogical websites. In addition, many centers have free how-to genealogy classes. See family history center for more information. Search the online FHC directory for a nearby family history center.



  1. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Effingham County, Georgia. Page 154 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  2. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. (Draper, UT:Everton Publishers, 2002).
  3. Paul K. Graham, Georgia Courthouse Disasters (Decatur, Georgia: Genealogy Co., 2013), 29-30. At various libraries (WorldCat).
  4. Genealogical Society of Utah, Parish and Vital Records List (July 1998). Microfiche. Digital version at https://www.familysearch.org/learn/wiki/en/images/5/57/Igigeorgiael.pdf.