Ecuador Emigration and Immigration

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Online Sources[edit | edit source]

Finding the Town of Origin in Ecuador[edit | edit source]

If you are using emigration/immigration records to find the name of your ancestors' town in Ecuador, see Ecuador Finding Town of Origin for additional research strategies.

Ecuador Emigration and Immigration[edit | edit source]

"Emigration" means moving out of a country. "Immigration" means moving into a country.
Emigration and immigration sources list the names of people leaving (emigrating) or arriving (immigrating) in the country. These sources may be passenger lists, permissions to emigrate, or records of passports issued. The information in these records may include the emigrants’ names, ages, occupations, destinations, and places of origin or birthplaces. Sometimes they also show family groups.===Immigration to Ecuador=== Ecuador's population is ethnically diverse. The largest ethnic group (as of 2010) is the Mestizos, who are Amerindians with mixture or cultural influence from Spanish colonists, and constitute about 71% of the population.

  • The White Ecuadorians (White Latin American) are a minority accounting for 6.1% of the population of Ecuador and can be found throughout all of Ecuador, primarily around the urban areas.
  • Ecuador's white population during its colonial era were mainly descendants from Spain. Today Ecuador's white population is a result of a mixture of European immigrants, predominantly from Spain with people from Italy, Germany, France, and Switzerland who have settled in the early 20th century.
  • Ecuador also has a small population of Asian origins, mainly those from West Asia, like the economically well off descendants of Lebanese and Palestinian immigrants', and an East Asian community mainly consisting of those of Japanese and Chinese descent, whose ancestors arrived as miners, farmhands and fishermen in the late 19th century.
  • The Afro-Ecuadorians are a minority population (7%) in Ecuador.
  • 5,000 Romani people live in Ecuador.[1]

Emigration From Ecuador[edit | edit source]

  • Emigration from Ecuador is a relatively recent phenomenon.
  • Eleven percent of Ecuadorians (1.5 million people) live outside Ecuador, primarily in Spain and the United States. Between 400,000 and 500,000 Ecuadorians were estimated to live in the United States in 2003; nearly 500,000 were estimated to live in Spain in 2005.
  • Ecuadorians have also settled in Italy, the Netherlands, France, and Canada.
  • Ecuadorian nationals are residents in more than 60 countries.[citation needed]
  • Early emigration from Ecuador was triggered by the collapse of Ecuador's Panama hat industry in the 1950s. Emigrants at this time often traveled to New York City, where many had connections with hat importers.
  • In the United States, Ecuadorians are most concentrated in New York City and New Jersey; approximately 90,000 Ecuadorians live in Queens, particularly in Corona and Jackson Heights.
  • During the late 1990s financial crisis in Ecuador, a mass migration to Spain occurred. The number of Ecuadorians in Spain climbed from less than 10,000 in 1998 to 200,000 in 2002 to over 500,000 in 2005. [2]

Records of Ecuador Emigrants in Their Destination Nations[edit | edit source]

Dark thin font green pin Version 4.png One option is to look for records about the ancestor in the country of destination, the country they immigrated into. See links to immigration records for major destination countries below.

For Further Reading[edit | edit source]

There are additional sources listed in the FamilySearch Catalog:

References[edit | edit source]

  1. "Ecuador", in Wikipedia,, accessed 13 June 2021.
  2. "Emigration from Ecuador", in Wikipedia,, accessed 13 June 2021.