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District of Columbia Court and Emancipation Records - FamilySearch Historical Records

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District of Columbia Court and Emancipation Records, 1820-1863
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This article describes a collection of records at FamilySearch.org.
District of Columbia, United States
United States flag.png
Flag of the United States of America
Flag of the United States (1820-1822).png
US Flag July 4, 1820 - July 3, 1822 (23 stars)
NARA logo circular black on white.jpg
National Archives and Records Administration Logo
Record Description
Record Type Federal Court and Commission Records
Record Group RG 21 and 217: Records of the District Courts of the United States (RG 21) and Records of the Accounting Officers of the Department of the Treasury (RG217)
Collection years 1820-1863
Microfilm Publication M433. Records of the U.S. Circuit Court for the District of Columbia, Relating to Slaves,1851-1863. 3 rolls.
  M434. Habeas Corpus Case Records of the U.S. Circuit Court for the District of Columbia,1820-1863. 2 rolls.
  M520. Records of the Board of Commissioners for the Emancipation of Slaves in the District of Columbia, 1862-63. 6 rolls.
National Archives Identifier 4314538 6277088
FamilySearch Resources
Related Websites
Archive
National Archives and Records Administration



What is in This Collection?[edit | edit source]

The collection consists of images of National Archives records from three microfilm publications:

  • Records of the Board of Commissioners for the Emancipation of Slaves in the District of Columbia, 1862-1863, M520, 4 rolls in Records of the Accounting Officers of the Department the Treasury, RG 217
  • Records of the United States District Court for the District of Columbia relating to slaves, 1851-1863 M433, 2 rolls
  • United States, Circuit Court (District of Columbia), Habeas Corpus Case Records, 1820-1863, M434, 2 rolls in Records of the District Courts of the United States in RG 21. The collection covers the years 1820 to 1863.

National Archives Catalog

National Archives: Know Your Records Program Power Point Presentation

Related Publications

To Browse This Collection[edit | edit source]

You can browse through images in this collection by visiting the browse page for District of Columbia Court and Emancipation Records, 1820-1863.

What Can These Records Tell Me?[edit | edit source]

The following information may be found in these records:

  • Name
  • Age or birth date (these may be approximated)
  • Gender
  • Name of former owner
  • Residence
  • Names of other family members or witnesses
  • Document dates

Collection Content[edit | edit source]

Sample Images[edit | edit source]

How Do I Search This Collection?[edit | edit source]

Before searching this collection, it is helpful to know:

  • The name of the individual
  • The approximate court date or emancipation date

View the Images[edit | edit source]

View images in this collection by visiting the Browse Page:

  1. Select the NARA Roll Number and film description to view the images.

How Do I Analyze the Results?[edit | edit source]

Compare each result from your search with what you know to determine if there is a match. This may require viewing multiple records or images. Keep track of your research in a research log.

What Do I Do Next?[edit | edit source]

I Found the Person I Was Looking For, What Now?[edit | edit source]

  • Use the age to find vital records such as birth, baptism, marriage, and death
  • Use the information found in the record to find additional family members in censuses
  • Emancipated individuals may still have family members who are slaves. Be sure to look for other individuals who may be related
  • Look for the slave holder and records they kept which may provide information about those who were enslaved

I Can't Find the Person Who I'm Looking For, What Now ?[edit | edit source]

  • If your ancestor does not have a common name, collect entries for every person who has the same surname. This list can help you find possible relatives
  • If you cannot locate your ancestor in the locality in which you believe they lived, then try searching records of a nearby town or county
  • Try different spellings of your ancestor’s name
  • Remember that sometimes individuals went by nicknames or alternated between using first and middle names

Research Helps[edit | edit source]

The following articles will help you in your research for your family in the state of District of Columbia.

Citing This Collection[edit | edit source]

Citations help you keep track of places you have searched and sources you have found. Identifying you sources helps others find the records you used.

Collection Citation:
The citation for this collection can be found on the Collection Details Page in the section Citing this Collection.
Image Citation:
When looking at an image, the citation is found on the Information tab at the bottom left of the screen.

How Can I Contribute to the FamilySearch Wiki?[edit | edit source]

We welcome user additions to FamilySearch Historical Records wiki articles. We are looking for additional information that will help readers understand the topic and better use the available records. We also need translations for collection titles and images in articles about records written in languages other than English. For specific needs, please visit WikiProject FamilySearch Records.

Please follow these guidelines as you make changes. Thank you for any contributions you may provide.