Denmark Census, 1870 (FamilySearch Historical Records)

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Denmark Census, 1870
This article describes a collection of records at
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Map of Denmark, 1793-1970
Record Description
Record Type Census
Collection years: 1870
Language: Danish
Title in the Language: Danmark Folketælling
FamilySearch Resources
Related Websites
State Archives of Denmark

Why Should I Look at This Collection?

This collection is an enumeration of all persons in the Kingdom of Denmark on 1 February 1870. If you had an ancestor living in Denmark at this time you should check this census to see where they were living, information about their age, occupation and other members of the family or household.

What is in This Collection?

This is an every-name index to the 1870 census of Denmark. This index was created by MyHeritage from images provided by the National Archives of Denmark. The census was taken on the first of February.

The census was taken on the first of February and included Denmark, Faeroe Islands, Greenland and the Danish West Indies. The enumeration for Denmark was divided into four sections: Copenhagen city, other cities, rural areas and trade centers (handelsplads). This publication includes only Denmark. The localities included in the Handelsplads section are:

Amt Handelsplads
Frederiksborg Frederiksværk
Skanderborg Silkeborg
Svendborg Marstal
Ålborg Løgstør
Ålborg Nørresundby

The National Archives of Denmark has cataloged this census with Danmarks Statistik (Dennmark Statistical Office) as the responsible government office. More information about the records created by this office can be found at the National Archives of Denmark's online catalog, Daisy.

Reading These Records

These records are written in Danish. For help reading these records see the following:

What Can These Records Tell Me?

This census contained two different schedules. The first is for persons present at their residence on the date of the enumeration, and a second, abbreviated schedule for persons temporarily absent. The census forms contain the following information.

Persons Present

Column Heading (Danish) Column Heading (English)
Byernes eller Stedernes Navne, med Anførsel af Gaarde, Huse, o.s.v. Town's or place's name with reference of farms, houses, etc.
Familiernes Antal Number of families
Personernes Løbenummer The person's consecutive number
Samtlige Personers fulde Navne (Udøbte Børn anføres som "Udøbt Drengebarn" eller "Udøbt Pigegebarn") All persons' full names (Unbaptized children listed as unbaptized boys or unbaptized girls)
Kjøn - Mandkjøn (M) eller Kvindekjøn (K) Sex - Male (M) or Female (F)
Alder - Alderen anføres med det fyldte Aar, men for Børn der ikke have fyldt 1 Aar, anføres "Under 1 Aar" Age - Age reported as at last birthday, but for children who have not reached their first birthday, reported as "under 1 year"
Ægteskabelig Stilling - Ugift (U), Gift (G), Fraskilt (F), Enkemand eller Enke (E) Marital Status - Unmarried (U), Married (G), Divorced (F), Widower or widow (E)
Troesbekjendelsen Religion
Fødested - nemlig Kjøbstadens eller Sognets og Amtets Navn og for de i Bilandene og i Colonierne Fødte samt for Udlandinge Landet hvor de ere fødte Birthplace - namely the city or in the country the parish and county's name and for foreigners and those born in the dependency and in the colonies where they are born.
Stilling i Familien - Huusfader, Huusmoder, Børn, Slægtninge, Tjenestetyende, Logerende, o.s.v. Position in the family - Head of house, housewife, children, relative, servant, lodgers, etc.
Titel, Embede, Forretning, Næringsvei eller av hvilket Erhverv de leve som Hovedperson eller Medhjælper, (Forvalter, Svend eller Dreng o.s.v.) eller om de forsørges af Fattigvæsenet Title, position, business, occupation, or from what means they live as a main person or assistant (manager, apprentice, or farmhand, etc) or wheter provided for by the Poor Commission
Forstanden Berøvet / Fra Fødselen / Fra et senere Tidspunkt Robbed of intelligence / From birth / From a latter time
Anmærkinger Remarks

Persons Absent

Column Heading (Danish) Column Heading (English)
Løbenummer Consecutive number
Personers fulde Navne Person's full name
Kjøn Sex
Alder Age
Troesbekjendelsen Religion
Fødested Birthplace
Stilling i Familien Position in the family
Næringsvej eller Erhverv Occupation or means of livlihood
Nuværende Opholdsted Present residence
Hvor længe fraværende How long absent

Collection Content

For additional details about these records and help using them see Denmark, Censuses (FamilySearch Historical Records)

Sample Images

Digital Folder Number List

This collection was published with a digital browse. Only the DGS numbers are displayed. A table listing each DGS number and its contents can be found at Denmark Census, 1870 Digital Folder Number List. The list can be sorted by DGS number and locality.

How Do I Search This Collection?

You can search the index, view the images or both. Before searching this collection it is helpful to know:

  • The name of the person you are looking for
  • The parish where the person lived

Search the Index

Search by name by visiting the Collection Page.
  1. Fill in the search boxes on the Collection Page with the information you have
  2. Click Search to show possible matches

View the Images

To view images in this collection:
  1. Look at the Denmark Census, 1870 Digital Folder Number List article to determine the folder/film number for the images you want to see
  2. Go to the Browse Page
  3. Select the Film number to view the images

How Do I Analyze the Results?

Compare each result from your search with what you know to determine if there is a match. This may require viewing multiple records or images. Keep track of your research in a research log.

What Do I Do Next?

I Found the Person I Was Looking For, What Now?

  • Add any new information to your records
  • Check the image the index was taken from to see if there is additional information
  • Make sure to fully transcribe and cite the record entry for future reference; see the section Citing this Collection for assistance. Save or print a copy of the image
  • Use the information to find more. For instance, use the age listed in the record to estimate a year of birth, if that is yet undetermined
  • Use the information to locate the individual in church records, if appropriate

I Can’t Find the Person I’m Looking For, What Now?

  • People enjoyed a higher level of personal mobility in Denmark than in other countries due to the easier terrain and absence of laws restricting movement. A well-developed system of transportation existed which facilitated moving from one place to another
  • Consider alternate spellings for names, such as Peder for Peter, and Maria for Maren. Law regarding surnames were not fully in effect at this time, so the person may be recorded with or without a patronymic surname
  • When looking for a person with a common name, look at all the entries for the name before deciding which individual is correct. Use other information, such as place of birth, age, occupation, or names of parents, to determine which candidate is the correct person. If listed, a personal title may be a clue to property ownership or occupation, either of which might be noted in other records
  • Check for variants of given names, surnames, and place names. Transcription errors could occur in any handwritten record; also, it was not uncommon for an individual be listed under a nickname or an abbreviation of their name
  • Vary the search terms. For example, search by either the given name or surname to return broader list of possible candidates which can then be examined for matches
  • Search the records of nearby parishes. While it was uncommon for an individual in this period to move more than about 20 miles from their place of birth, smaller relocations were not uncommon
  • Look at the actual image of the record to verify the information found in the online description, if possible

Research Helps

The following articles will help you in your research for your family in Denmark.

Citing This Collection

Citations help you keep track of places you have searched and sources you have found. Identifying your sources helps others find the records you used.

Collection Citation
"Denmark Census, 1870." Database with images. FamilySearch. : 16 October 2017. From “1870 Denmark Census”. Database and images. MyHeritage. : 20 December 2016. Citing Rigsarkivet, København, Danmark (National Archives, Copenhagen, Denmark).
Record Citation:
When looking at a record, the citation is found below the record.
Image Citation:
When looking at an image, the citation is found on the Information tab at the bottom left of the screen.

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