Denmark Census, 1840 (FamilySearch Historical Records)

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Denmark

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Denmark Census, 1840 .
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This article describes a collection of records at FamilySearch.org.
Denmark
Flag of Denmark.png
Flag of Denmark
DK Counties 1793.png
Map of Denmark, 1793-1970
Denmark.png
Record Description
Record Type Census
Collection years: 1840
Language: Danish, German
Title in the Language: Danmark Folketælling, Dänemark Verzeichniß
Related Websites
Archive
State Archives of Denmark


Why Should I Look at This Collection?

This collection is an enumeration of all persons in the Kingdom of Denmark on 1 February 1840. If you had an ancestor living in Denmark at this time you should check this census to see where they were living, information about their age, occupation and other members of the family or household.

What is in This Collection?

This is an every-name index to the 1840 census of Denmark. This index was created by MyHeritage from images provided by the National Archives of Denmark. The census was taken on the first of February and includes Denmark and Schleswig. The enumeration was divided into four sections: Copenhagen city, other cities, rural areas and Schleswig. The enumeration for the areas included in Schleswig was printed in German.

The counties included in the Schleswig section are:

  • Eckernförde
  • Eiderstedt
  • Flensburg
  • Haderslev
  • Husum

  • Oldenburg
  • Rendsburg
  • Ribe
  • Schleswig
  • Südtondern

  • Svendborg
  • Sønderborg
  • Tønder
  • Vejle
  • Åbenrå

The National Archives of Denmark has cataloged this census with Rentekammeret, Danske Afdeling, Tabelkommissionen (Treasury Department, Danish Division, Statistical Office) as the responsible government office. More information about the records created by this office in connection with this census can be found at the National Archives of Denmark's online catalog, Daisy.

Reading These Records

These records are in Danish and German. For assistance with the Danish language, consult the Danish Word List. This is a list of common terms found in Danish genealogical records with their English translations, as well as links to more more comprehensive word lists. A PDF version of an older edition of this list may be downloaded at Danish Genealogical Word List October 2010.

What Can These Records Tell Me?

The census forms contain the following information.

Column Heading (Danish) Column Heading (German) Column Heading (English)
Byernes eller Stedernes Navne, med Anførsel af Gaarde, Huse, o.s.v. Nach des Jurisdiktionsbezirks, der Dörfer sowie der dazu gehörigen Wohnstätten Town's or place's name with reference of farms, houses, etc.
Antallet af Familierne i hver Gaard og hvert huus Anzahl der Familien in jedem Hause und jeder Wohnstelle Number of familes in each farm and each house.
Samtlige Personers Navne i hver Gaard, hvert Huus, hver Familie. Namen sämtlicher Personen in jedem Hause und jeder Familie All persons' names in each farm, each house, each family.
Enhver Personers Alder, det løbende Alders Aar iberegnet. Alter jeder Person, das laufende Jahr des Alters eingerechnet Each person's age, determined according to the current year.
Gift, ugift, enkemand eller enke. Ob verheiratet oder unverheiratet, Witwer oder Witwe Married, unmarried, widower or widow.
Personernes Titel, Embede, Forretning, Haandværk, Næringsvei, Stilling i Familien eller hvad de lever af. Titel, Amt, Geschäft, Handwerk, Nahrungszweig der Personen und ihre Stellung in der Familie, sowie ob sie ganz oder zum Teil von Almosen leben Persons' title, office, business, craft, occupation, position in the family or how they are provided for.

Collection Content

Sample Images

Digital Folder Number List

This collection was published as a DGS browse collection. The following list shows the first item on each of the DGS numbers.

DGS Number Roll Volume Page County District Parish City Quarter First Street
103918480 1 1 Burg 1 Breite Strasse
103918481 2 3 Flensborg Ugle Eggebæk
103918482 3 7 461 Haderslev Tyrstrup Dalby
103918483 4 12 Tønder Slogs Bylderup
103918484 5 15 Slesvig 2 Angler godsdistrikt Ballegård gods
103918458 1900 1 København Hofetaten Christiansborg Slot
103918459 1901 4 København Christianshavns Overgaden Neden Vandet
103918460 1902 12 København Nørre Studiestræde 92
103918461 1903 19 København Sankt Annæ Vester Kronprinsessegade 384
103918462 1904 27 København Vester Nytorv 1
103918463 1905 34 Hjørring Østergade
103918464 1906 40 Svendborg Gerritsgade
103918465 1907 43 Aalborg Slet Løgsted
103918466 1908 50 71 Frederiksborg Lynge-Frederiksborg Jørlunde
103918467 1909 55 342 Hjørring Hvetbo Jetsmark
103918468 1910 60 Holbæk Skippinge Vallekilde
103918469 1911 65 367 København Voldborg Gershøj
103918470 1912 69 81 Maribo Lollands Sønder Gurreby
103918471 1913 74 339 Odense Odense Visenbjerg
103918472 1914 79 Præstø Mønbo Damsholte
103918473 1915 83 Randers Djurs Nørre Anholt
103918474 1916 88 Ribe Vester Horne Ål
103918475 1917 94 Ringkøbing Skodbog Bøvling
103918476 1918 99 Sorø Ringsted Nordrupøster
103918477 1919 105 Svendborg Sunds Kværndrup
103918478 1920 112 Vejle Bjerre Rårup
103918479 1921 118 Viborg Houlbjerg Haurum

How Do I Search This Collection?

You can search the index or view the images. Before searching this collection it is helpful to know:

  • The name of the person you are looking for
  • The parish where the person lived

Search the Index

Search by name by visiting the Collection Page.
  1. Fill in the search boxes on the Collection Page with the information you have
  2. Click Search to show possible matches

View the Images

To view images in this collection:
  1. Look at the Denmark Census, 1840 article to determine the folder/film number for the images you want to see
  2. Go to the Browse Page
  3. Select the Film number to view the images


How Do I Analyze the Results?

Compare each result from your search with what you know to determine if there is a match. This may require viewing multiple records or images.

What Do I Do Next?

I Found the Person I Was Looking for, What Now?

  • Add any new information to your records
  • Check the image the index was taken from to see if there is additional information
  • Make sure to fully transcribe and cite the record entry for future reference; see the section Citing this Collection for assistance. Save or print a copy of the image.
  • Use the information to find more. For instance, use the age listed in the record to estimate a year of birth, if that is yet undetermined
  • Use the information to locate the individual in church records, if appropriate

I Can’t Find the Person I’m Looking for, What Now?

  • People enjoyed a higher level of personal mobility in Denmark than in other countries due to the easier terrain and absence of laws restricting movement. A well-developed system of transportation existed which facilitated moving from one place to another
  • Consider alternate spellings for names, such as Peder for Peter, and Maria for Maren. Law regarding surnames were not fully in effect at this time, so the person may be recorded with or without a patronymic surname
  • When looking for a person with a common name, look at all the entries for the name before deciding which individual is correct. Use other information, such as place of birth, age, occupation, or names of parents, to determine which candidate is the correct person. If listed, a personal title may be a clue to property ownership or occupation, either of which might be noted in other records
  • Check for variants of given names, surnames, and place names. Transcription errors could occur in any handwritten record; also, it was not uncommon for an individual be listed under a nickname or an abbreviation of their name.
  • Vary the search terms. For example, search by either the given name or surname to return broader list of possible candidates which can then be examined for matches
  • Search the records of nearby parishes. While it was uncommon for an individual in this period to move more than about 20 miles from their place of birth, smaller relocations were not uncommon
  • Look at the actual image of the record to verify the information found in the online description, if possible

Citing this Collection

Citations help you keep track of places you have searched and sources you have found. Identifying your sources helps others find the records you used.

Collection Citation

"Denmark Census, 1840." Database. FamilySearch. https://FamilySearch.org : 17 November 2017. From " Denmark Census, 1840." Database and images. MyHeritage. https://www.myheritage.com : n.d. Rigsarkivet, København (The Danish National Archives), Copenhagen.

Record Citation:
When looking at a record, the citation is found below the record.
Image Citation:
When looking at an image, the citation is found on the Information tab at the bottom left of the screen.

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