Denmark Census

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Census

Census Records

A census is a count and description of the population. Censuses have been taken by the Danish government primarily for population studies and taxation purposes.

You Can Use this Record to Find...

Census records can provide personal information about family relationships, age, year of birth, description of property, religion, birthplace, and so forth. Census records are especially valuable because they list a large portion of the population. They can provide information where all or portions of other records are missing. Generally, you will find more complete family information in more recent censuses. Use the information with caution since some information may be incorrect.

The first census in Denmark with genealogical information was taken during the summer of 1787. Unfortunately, this meant that most seamen and seasonal workers were away. The next census was taken in 1801, and then again in 1834. Beginning in 1840, a census was taken every five years until 1860. After 1860, the census was taken every ten years until the end of the century. Beginning in 1901, censuses were again taken every five years.

Online Records

FamilySearch

The following censuses available at FamilySearch:

MyHeritage

The following censuses indexes and images are available at MyHeritage ($):

Research Tutorials at FamilySearch

List of Danish Census Records:

Censuses have been held in Denmark at various intervals. The first census of interest to the Genealogist was held in 1787, and thereafter in 1801, 1834, 1840, 1845, 1850, 1855, 1860, 1870, 1880, 1890, 1901, 1911, 1916, 1921, 1925, 1930, 1940, 1950, 1960, 1965 and 1970.
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The census of 1845 is of particular interest, since this was the first census to provide place of birth.

The most recent Danish census at the Family History Library is for 1911. Census records less than sixty-five years old are confidential and may not be searched by individuals. The most recent census which has been released is the 1916 census. The government will make limited searches in the 1920 and 1925 censuses. Census records less than 75 years old are confidential and not available to private individuals. The most recent census which has been released is 1940, which will be fully scanned and available during 2016.

The Danish government has been working to index the Danish Census records. Accordingly, the Danish Census records have been digitized and made available at: The Danish National Archives. These images can be viewed page by page. An effort is being made to index all of these digitized census records. Although indexing has not been completed, many Danish censuses have been indexed. This index is available at Danish Demographic Database census search page. A description of the information available is found at Records and Registries. Another location within the National Archives web site is Folketællinger (Census) See Online Census Strategy below for more tips on how to use these websites.

Census taking was also conducted in the other provinces and territories under Danish rule: Greenland, since 1834; , the Faroe Islands, since1801; , the West Indies, (now US Virgin Islands), 1841-1916; Trankebar, India in 1835; and Frederiksnagor (now Serampore), India in 1840

Northern Schleswig (the counties Aabenraa, Haderslev, Sønderborg and Tønder) were under German rule 1864-1920, and no censuses were held in this period in the region. For Southern Schleswig, which remained under German rule in 1920, there are census records from 1801/1803, 1834/1835, 1845, 1855 and 1860, but they are not complete.

Information in Danish Census Records

You will find the following types of information in census records:

1787, 1801, 1834, and 1840. These censuses give the names of all members of the household, their ages, sexes, occupations, relationships to the head of the household and marital statuses.

1845 and later. These censuses list the names, ages, occupations, relationships to the head of the household, religious affiliations, and birthplaces (county and parish) of all members of the household.

Searching Census Records.

When searching census records, it is important to remember the following:

  • Accept the ages with caution.
  • Women are usually listed by their maiden surnames until the beginning of 20th century.
  • Read here about Danish naming practice: Denmark Names, Personal.
  • Given names Names of persons may not always be spelled exactly the same or be as complete as those recorded in vital church records, which should be consulted when in doubt.
  • Information may be incorrect.
  • Spelling for names and places varies.
  • Search the surrounding area if you do not find a family at the expected address.
  • When you find your family in one census, be sure to search that same location in the earlier and later census records for additional family members.

Searching in Big Cities

Finding your ancestors' family in the census records of a large city can be time consuming. It is helpful to know the street address. Beginning in 1870, the census is arranged alphabetically by street for the large cities in Denmark. Sometimes you can find the street address in the church records at the time of a birth, marriage, or death in the family. Other sources for street address are business directories; civil certificates of birth, marriage, or death; probate records; or court records.

To find census records in the FamilySearch Catalog, look in the Place search under—

DENMARK, [COUNTY] - CENSUS RECORDS

You will find the parishes listed in the order they appear on the microfilm.

Kommunal Censuses

Through the years, there have been a few special censuses taken at the kommune (city or parish) level in certain areas throughout Denmark. These kommunal censuses were taken whenever they were needed, usually in the bigger cities. They had the same information as the national census plus extra information (example: ). It is always good to check if there is a kommunal census for the area you are researching, as they can help fill in gaps that national censuses miss.The following are some of the communal censuses available (italicized if available at the Family History Library):

Odense
1645,1660,1672
Randers
1726
Hobro
1727, 1811, 1847
Fredericia
1717
Aalborg
1818
Horsens
1824
Hjørring
1825
Frederikshavn
1827
Store Hedinge
1830
Kalundborg
1874-1922
Ringsted
1888-1933
Nibe
1818, 1875-1899
Nørre Sundby
1896-1954
Viborg
1901-1938
Århus
Every year, 1885-1952
Copenhaven*
1885, 1895
  • In Copenhagen the police made records continually 1890-1923 of all adult inhabitants, which have been scanned. It is possible to search for persons here: Copenhagen City Archives

Also there are in Copenhagen the police made a kind of census records 1865-1923, which are less easy to search into, unless you know a specific address and year, but then they can be a valuable addition to the census records. They have been scanned and are available here: Poletiets Registerblade (Police Register Leaves)

DANISH CENSUS HEADINGS WITH ENGLISH TRANSLATIONS

Danish censuses have standardized column headings, which allowed the census taker to record the requested information in the correct place. Click on the following links to bring up the census headings. The Danish wording AND the English translations will appear. By knowing what is asked for in the various census years, you will be able to better plan your research strategy.

Danish Census Headings 1787 and 1801

Danish Census Headings 1834 and 1840

Danish Census Headings 1845

Danish Census Headings 1850

Danish Census Headings 1855

Danish Census Headings 1860

Danish Census Headings 1870 Page 1

Danish Census Headings 1870 Page 2

Danish Census Headings 1870 Page 3

Danish Census Headings 1880 Page 1

Danish Census Headings 1880 Page 2

Danish Census Headings 1880 Page 3

Danish Census Headings 1890 Page 1

Danish Census Headings 1890 Page 2

Danish Census Headings 1890 Page 3

Danish Census Headings 1901 Page 1

Danish Census Headings 1901 Page 2

Danish Census Headings 1901 Page 3

Danish Census Headings 1901 Page 4

Danish Census Headings 1906 Page 1

Danish Census Headings 1906 Page 2

Danish Census Headings 1906 Page 3

Danish Census Headings 1911 Page 1

Danish Census Headings 1911 Page 2

Danish Census Headings 1911 Page 3

Danish Census Headings 1911 Page 4

Online Census Extractions

Web pages containing extracted Census records  by Aurelia Clemons.

Danish Family Search - available in English and (mostly) indexed as family groups. Also includes parish church books.

Dansk Demografisk Database

Folketællinger

MyHeritage MyHeritage puts exclusive Scandinavian records online

Online Census Strategy

Danish Demographic Database

Search the Danish Demographic Database at http://www.ddd.dda.dk/ddd_en.htm for census transcriptions of all individuals in a household.

Search the Statens Arkivers Arkivalieronline at http://www.sa.dk/ao/SoegeSider/Folketaelling.aspx for census images.

References

Skaaning, Jytte and Bente Klercke Rasmussen. Find Din Slægt - og Gør den Levende: Håndbog i Slægtshistorie, 2d ed. Syddansk Universitetsforlag, 2006.