Dawes County, Nebraska Genealogy

From FamilySearch Wiki
(Redirected from Dawes County, Nebraska)
Jump to: navigation, search
United States
Dawes County

Guide to Dawes County, Nebraska ancestry, genealogy and family history, birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.

County Facts
County seat: Chadron
Organized: February 19, 1885
Parent County(s): Sioux[1]
Neighboring Counties
Box Butte  • Fall River (SD)  • Shannon (SD)  • Sheridan  • Sioux
See County Maps
Location Map
200px-Map of Nebraska highlighting Dawes County svg.bmp

County Information


Dawes County was a part of the unorganized area of northwestern Nebraska until February 19, 1877, when it became a part of Sioux County. It was separated February 19, 1885 when it was officially formed and was given its present name. Box Butte County was taken from Dawes on January 29, 1887, leaving Dawes County with its present area.[2] The county was named for James W. Dawes.[3]

County Courthouse

Dawes County Courthouse
451 Main Street
Chadron, NE 69337-2649
Phone: 308.432.0116
Dawes County Website

County Clerk has land records from 1880.
County Judge has marriage and probate records.
Clerk District Court has divorce records. [1]

Dawes County, Nebraska Record Dates

Information for this chart was taken from various sources, often containing conflicting dates. This information should be taken as a guide and should be verified by contacting the county and/or the state government agency.

Known Beginning Dates for Major Records[4]
Birth* Marriage Death* Court Land Probate Census
1886 1885 1885 1890

Record Loss

There is no known history of courthouse disasters in this county.

Boundary Changes

Populated Places

The following are locations in Dawes County, Nebraska:[5]


Chadron Crawford


  • Whitney

Unincorporated communities

  • Bordeaux
  • Dakota Junction
  • Horn
  • Marsland
  • Pine Ridge

Ghost town

  • Belmont

History Timeline


Bible Records


Business, Commerce, and Occupations


Cemeteries of Dawes County, Nebraska online and in print
Tombstone Transcriptions Online
Tombstone Transcriptions in Print (Often more complete)
List of Cemeteries in the County
See Nebraska Cemeteries for more information


Census Records

Historical populations
Census Pop.  %±
1890 9,722
1900 6,215 −36.1%
1910 8,254 32.8%
1920 10,160 23.1%
1930 11,493 13.1%
1940 10,128 −11.9%
1950 9,708 −4.1%
1960 9,536 −1.8%
1970 9,761 2.4%
1980 9,609 −1.6%
1990 9,021 −6.1%
2000 9,060 0.4%
2010 9,182 1.3%
Source: "Wikipedia.org".

Federal Censuses were taken for Nebraska starting in 1860. For links to Federal census indexes, see Nebraska Census.

For tips on accessing Dawes County, Nebraska Genealogy census records online, see: Nebraska Census.

State Census Records

Church Records

Church records vary significantly depending on the denomination and the record keeper. They may contain information about members of the congregation, such as age, date of baptism, christening, or birth; marriage information and maiden names; and death date. For general information about Nebraska denominations, view the Nebraska Church Records wiki page.

Court Records


Emigration and Immigration

Ethnic, Political, and Religious Groups

Funeral Homes



Land and Property Records

Land and property records can place an ancestor in a particular location, provide economic information, and reveal family relationships. Land records include: deeds, abstracts and indexes, mortgages, leases, grants and land patents.

See Nebraska Land and Property for additional information about early Nebraska land grants. After land was transferred to private ownership, subsequent transactions were usually recorded at the county courthouse, where records are currently housed.

For more information see Nebraska Land and Property

Local Histories

Local histories are available for Dawes County, Nebraska Genealogy. County histories may include biographies, church, school and government history, and military information. For more information about local histories, see the wiki page section Nebraska Local Histories.

Maps and Gazetteers



Military Records

Revolutionary War

Civil War

World War I

Naturalization and Citizenship


For information on Nebraska newspapers, see Nebraska Newspapers.

Nebraska Newspapers Online

Nebraska Newspaper Catalogs


Other Records


Probate Records

In most counties in Nebraska, probate records have been kept by the county judge. They include wills, fee books, claim registers, legacy records, inheritance records, probate ticklers, and dockets. The records are available at the county courthouse.

The FamilySearch Catalog lists films of probate records. To find the records for this county, use the Place Search for Nebraska - Dawes - Probate records.

Online Probate Records

School Records

Tax Records

Nebraska tax records complement land records and can be used in place of censuses before 1820 or to supplement the years between censuses. There may be gaps of several years in the records.

Vital Records

Vital Records consist of births, adoptions, marriages, divorces, and deaths recorded on registers, certificates, and documents. A copy or an extract of most original records can be purchased from the Nebraska Department of Health and Human Services or the County Clerk's office of the county where the event occurred.





Research Facilities


Family History Centers

Family History Centers provide one-on-one assistance and free access to premium genealogical websites. In addition, many centers have free how-to genealogy classes.





Research Guides


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Nebraska. At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  2. http://dawes-county.com/ Dawes County accessed 09/29/2016
  3. https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dawes_County,_Nebraska accessed 10/26/2016
  4. Alice Eichholz, Ancestry’s Red Book: American State, County and Town Sources, Revised ed. (Salt Lake City: Ancestry, 1992), 452-465. At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27rb 1992
  5. Wikipedia contributors, "Dawes County, Nebraska," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dawes_County,_Nebraska, accessed 29 July 2016.