Danish to English Genealogical Word List

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Danish Genealogical
Word List
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Genealogical Word Lists
Danish Word List
Danish to English

A

Danish English
aa see å
aaben open
aandsvag mentally deficient
aar year
aar gammel, aar gl. year old
aaret the year
aarlig yearly, annual
aarsag cause
aarti decade
A.D.(Latin) year of the Lord
ablutus est (Latin) he was baptized
abort miscarriage
a (ab) (Latin) from, by
abscessus (Latin) death
absolvere to give absolution
abstersus (Latin) baptized
addresse address
adel nobility
adelig noble
adelsmand nobleman
adjudant adjutant
advokat, sagfører lawyer, attorney
aetas (aetatis) (Latin) age
af of, at, by, from
af første (lste) ægteskab of first marriage
af sognet of the parish
afdeling part, division, portion
afdød deceased
afgangne departed
afgangsliste moving-out record
afgift rent, duty, monetary fee
afkom offspring
afsked leave, resignation, departure
afstraffe punish
afstaa, afstige resign, give up
aftægt provide support
aftægtsfolk retired people
aftægtskone retired woman
aftægtsmand retired man
alder age
alderdomssvaghed weakness from old age
aldrig never
alenstok yardstick (equivalent of 24 inches, or 0.63 modern-day meters)
alkove alcove, bed closed with doors or curtains, shared by 2-3 people
alle all
alle felter all fields
almindelig common
almisse alms, welfare
almisselem pauper, welfare recipient
alt all
altid always
altsaa consequently, accordingly, therefore, so
amt county
amtet the county
amtmand chief county administrator
anden 2nd
anden gang second time
andre others
anetavle pedigree
anfald seizures
anført entered, mentioned, placed
ankomst arrival
anmode request
anmærkninger remark, notice, note
anno (Latin) in the year (of)
anno domini (Latin) in the year of (our) Lord
annus (Latin) year
antal number, count
April April
arbejder worker
arbejdsmand worker, laborer
arkiv archive
arme\' army
arv inheritance
arve inherit
arvinger heirs
at that, at,
atten 18
attende 18th
attest certificate
August August
af = av of, at, by, from

B

Danish English
baade both
bager baker
band excommunication
baptisatus (Latin) baptized
bar carried
bar barnet held child at font
barn, børn child, children
barndom childhood
barnebarn grandchild
barnedaab child’s baptism
barnefader the child-'s father
barneløs childless
barsel birth
barselseng birthing bed
bd.(bind) volume
beboer occupant, resident
bedstefader grandfather
bedstemoder grandmother
befandtes was found
befolkning population, inhabitants
begge both
begravelse burial
begrv. = begravet buried
begynder begin
behersker ruler, lord, master
behørig proper, due
bekræfter confirm
bemærkning remark
ben leg,bone, limb
besidder owner
beskrive describe
bestefar grandfather
bestemoder grandmother
bestemor grandmother
bestilling occupation
betalt for paid for
betjent policeman
betler, tigger beggar
bevise prove, demonstrate
beværter innkeeper
bibliotek library
bikube beehive
bimpel small barrel, used for transporting beer to/from the fields
bind volume
biografi biography
birk court district
bismer small portable scale
bispedømme diocese
blikkenslager tinsmith
blind blind
blive, blev, blef become, became
blod blood
blodgang dysentery
bo to live at, home
boede lived
boelsmand farmer, resides at
bog book
boghandler bookseller
bogholder bookkeeper, accountant
bolig residence, house
bonde farmer
bopæl residence, home, domicile
bor live
borger citizen
borgerskab citizenship
borgmester mayor
brev letter, correspondence
broder brother
broderdatter brother’s daughter
brodersøn brother’s son
bror brother
brudefolk couple being married
bruden the bride
brudgommen the bridegroom
brygmester brewer
bryllup marriage ceremony
brændehugger woodcutter
brændevinsbrænder distiller of spirits
brødre brothers
by city, town, village
byen the town, city, village
bygge build
bygmester builder
byld abscess
bære, bar, baaret carry, carried
bødker cooper
børn children
børn af første ægteskab children of first marriage
børnebørn grandchildren
børnene the children
børstenbinder brush-maker
bøssemager gunsmith
baad boat, ship
baadebygger shipbuilder
baadsmand boatswain, bosun
baaret carried
baaret til daaben carried to the christening (font)

C

Danish English
christened, xtened baptized
circa (Latin) about, around, round about
commune municipality (community)
communionsbog communion book
confirmeret confirmed
conjugatus (Latin) married
coppeattest, koppeattest vaccination certificate, smallpox
copulati sunt (Latin) they were married, joined
copulationis (Latin) of marriage
copulerede married
copuleret married

D

Danish English
dag, dage day, days
dagleje day work
daglejer day worker
dal valley
Danmark Denmark
dansk danish
dato date
datter daughter
datterdatter daughter’s daughter
dattersøn daughter’s son
datum (Latin) date, given
de they, those, the
December December
defunctus est (Latin) he died
degn parish clerk, deacon
degnen the parish clerk, deacon
dejtrug dough trough, used for kneading and raising bread overnight
del part
del af samling part of collection
deling distribution
dem them
den, det the, it, that
denne this
denunciatio (Latin) publication of marriage, banns
der those, who, which, that
deres theirs, yours
derfor therefore
det it, that, the
det vil sige that is (to say), (in other words)
dette this
dies (diei) (Latin) day
difteritis diphtheria
din, dit your, yours
disse these
ditto ditto, the same
dom abrev. dominica
dommer judge
domhus court, law-courts, house
dominica the Lords day, Sunday, sabbath
domkirke cathedral
dr.(dreng) abreviation for dreng (boy)
drager porter, carrier
dragon a dragoon (a member of a military unit
composed of heavily armed mounted troops)
dranker drunkard
dreier, drejer turner-lathe, lathe operator, turner
dreier-keramisk thrower-ceramic
dreng boy
drengebarn male child
drengen the boy
dronning queen
druknet drowned
drøftetrug sifting trough, used to clean chaff from the grain
dysenteri dysentery
døbt christened, baptized
død dead, deceased
døde deceased, died
døden the death
dødfødt stillborn
dødsattest certificate of death
dødsdag day of death
dødsfald death
dødsaarsag cause of death
døtre daughters
døv deaf
døvstum deaf and dumb
daab christening, baptism
daaben the christening

E

Danish English
efter after
efter hans salig after his death
efterkommer descendant
efterladte survivors, remaining
efterlevende surviving
eftermiddag afternoon
efternavn surname, last name
egen own
egentlige actual
ej not
eje to own
ejendom property, real estate
ejusdem (Latin) the same
eller or, or else
elleve 11
ellevte 11th
embede public office
embedsmand public official
emigrant emigrant
emigrere emigrate
en og tredive 31
en og tredivte 31st
en og tyve 21
en og tyvende 21st
endnu yet, still
enebarn only child
enhver each
enk. = enke, enkekone widow
enkem. = enkemand widower
eodem, eodem die (Latin) the same, on the same day
epilepsy epilepsy
er is, are
erhverv livelihood
erhvervsted work place
et, en a, one, someone, somebody
etage story, floor

F

Danish English
fabrik factory
fabriksarbejder factory worker
fadder godfather, godmother, sponsor
fader, far father
falde, faldt to fall, be killed in war
familie family
fange prisoner
far father
farbroder uncle, father’s brother
farfader paternal grandfather
farfar father\'s father
farmoder father\'s mother
farmor father\'s mother
farver dyer
faster aunt, father’s sister
fattig poor, indigent
fattiglem pauper
feber fever
Februar February
fem 5
fem og tyve 25
fem og tyvende 25th
femte 5th
femten 15
femtende 15th
feria (Latin) day, holiday
festum (Latin) feast, festival, wedding
findested finding place
fire 4
fire og tyve 24
fire og tyvende 24th
firs 80
firsindstyvende 80th
fiskehandler fishdealer
fisker fisherman
fjerde 4th
fjorten 14
fjortende 14th
flere several, more
flittig hardworking
flod river
fluefanger fly catcher
flygte run away
flytte move
fod foot
foged sheriff
folio double page
folk people
folketallet the population
folketælling census
for for, at, before, by
for endelig skifte og deling for final probate and distribution
forblinde blind
forblødning bleeding to death
forbryder criminal
forbrænde burn
forbyde, forbuden against, ban, prohibit
fordrukken drunken
forening union
forespurgt inquired
forevist shown, exhibit
forfatterens navn the writers name
forfædre ancestors
forhandler dealer
forhenværende former, formerly
forhus house in front, often the
main or owner’s house
forklaring explanation
forlade leave
forlovelse engagement
forlover he that gives the bride away, best man
forloverne sponsors, bondsmen at marriage
forlovet engaged (to be married)
formiddag morning
formynder guardian
fornavn first name
fornødne requisite, necessary, needful
forpagter lessee, tenant
forretning business
forrige former
forstand intellect, mind
forstoppelse constipation
forsørges af is supported by
fortælle tell
forvalter manager
forældre parents
forældreløs orphan
forældrene the parents
fosterbarn foster child
fosterbørn foster children
fosterdatter foster daughter
fostersøn foster son
fourer quartermaster sergeant
fra from,off, since
fraflytte leave, move from
fraskilt divorced
fraværende absent
Fredag Friday
fredsdommer justice of the peace
frembragt carried forth
fremstille present
frille mistress, concubine
frimand freeholder
fripas deferment (passed by)
frisør hairdresser
frue mrs., wife, lady, not a peasant women
fruen the wife, the lady
fruentimmer unmarried mother
frugtsommelig pregnant
frøken miss., not a peasant woman
fuglebur birdcage
fulde full, complete
fuldmægtig head clerk (with power of attorney)
fyldt attained (age)
fyr young man, fellow, fire
fyrmester lighthouse keeper
fyrre 40
fyrretyvende 40th
fælles common, joint
fængsel prison
fæstebonde copyholder, leaseholder, farmer
fæstegaardmand copy holder, leaseholder, farmer
fæstehusmand copyholder, small holder
fæster person who is leasing
fætter cousin (male)
fødested birthplace
fødsel birth
fødselsdagen the birthday
født born
før before
første first
første gang gift in first marriage
faar sheep
faarehyrde shepherd

G

Danish English
gade street
galskab insanity, madness
gammel, gl. old, aged
garde guard
gartner gardener
garver tanner
gejstlig ecclesiastical
genealogi genealogy
gennem through
geografisk leksikon gazetteer
gesandt minister, envoy
gevær soldat rifle soldier
gift, givt married
gigt rheumatism
gjørtlemager brazier, castings maker
glarmester glazier
god good
godsejer estate owner
gratis free
grav grave
graver sexton
graverkarl grave digger
gravida (Latin) pregnant
gravør engraver
gren branch
grenader infantryman
greve count (nobility)
grevinde countess
gris pig
grosserer merchant
grovsmed blacksmith
grubearbejder miner
grund ground, reason
grønthandler greengrocer
gudfader godfather
gudmoder godmother
gulsot jaundice
gyldig current, valid
gældsfængsel debtors prison
gæstgiver innkeeper
gørtler brazier
gaa go (walk)
gaar i dagleje hired on a daily basis
gaar ud walk out
gaard farm
gaardbeboer people living on a farm
gaardbrug farm
gaardbruger farmer
gaarde farms, homes
gaardejer farm owner
gaardfæster copyholder, tenant
gaardmand farmer, owner, independant
gåse-hilde goose tether

H

Danish English
h. often abrev. for hustru (wife)
hakkebræt chopping board
hakkekniv chopping knife
halshugget decapitated
halv half
halvfems 90
halvfemsindstyvende 90th
halvfjerds 70
halvfjerdsindstyvende 70th
halvtreds 50
halvtredsindstyvende 50th
han, ham, hans he, him, his
handelsmand merchant, trader, salesman
handler merchant, trader
handskemager glove maker
hans his
har has, have
hattemager hatmaker
havde had
havn harbor, port
hedder named, is
heks witch
heller neither
hellig holy, sacred
hende, hendes her, hers
hensat set aside, begravet
her here
herom about this
herred judicial district
herremand lord of the manor
herskabskusk coachman
herskerinde mistress
hest horse
hestehandler horse dealer
himmelseng canopy bed
hindring obstacle, hindrance
hittebarn foundling (an abandoned infant)
hjem home
hjemme, hiemme at home
hjemmedøbt, hiemmedøbt baptized at home
hjerte heart
hjertefejl heart disease
hjul wheel
hjulmand wheelwright
holde hold, stop, keep
hor adultery
hos with, at, in
hospital hospital
hospitalslem hospital patient, welfare recipient
hoste cough
hovedbogholder chief accountant
hovedgaard manor
hovedliste main list
hovedperson head of house
hovedrulle complete list of military recruits
hovmester butler
hr. mr.
hugaf old soldier
huggehus workshop
hugger sculptor
hun, hende, hendes she, her, hers
hundred 100
hundrede 100th
hus (huus) house
husar, hussar cavalryman
husbonde husband, head of house
husejer owner of house
husfader head of the household
husfolk small farmers, about a couple
husholderske housekeeper
husmand cottager, small farmer
husmand med Jord cottager with land
husmoder, huusmoder wife, homemaker
husstand household
hustru wife
husfader head of house
hvad what
hvalfanger whaler
hvem whom
hver every
hvid white
hvilken which
hvis if, whose
hvor where
hvornaar when
hvorvidt whether
hyrde herdsman, shepherd
hængt sig hanged him/her self
høj tall, high, hill
højre right
højædle og velbaarne noble and welborn
høker small shop keeper, grocer
håndsarbejdere manual workers
håndkværn, haand qvern hand mill, often used to grind malt for beer brewing
håndtering occupation
håndværk trade, handicraft

I

Danish English
i in, at, to, into
ibidem ib, ibid (Latin) in the same place
idem (Latin) the same
ifølge according to
igen again
igennem through
igaar yesterday
ihjel, slaa ihjel kill
ikke not
ild fire
imellem between, among
imod against
imorgen tomorrow
inderste tenant, renter
indestaar vouch for the correctness of
indfandt appeared
indhold content
indlade let in, admit
indsidder tenant, renter
indskrive record, enroll, enter
indvandrer immigrant
indvandring immigration
infans (Latin) infant, child
indflytning moving in
ingen none
initiatus est (Latin) he was baptized
intet no, none, neither, nothing
introduceret introduced in church after childbirth

J

Danish English
Jagtbøsser hunting rifles - originally for nobles, but lower classes were allowed to hunt after 1840
Januar January
jeg (ieg) I, self, ego
jomfru maiden, miss., not a peasant woman, virgin
jord land, soil
jordbrug farming
jordmoder midwife
jordet buried
jordløs without land
jordløshusmand small farmer without land of his own.
Juli July
Juni June
jurist lawyer
jæger hunter
Jøde Jew

K

Danish English
Kakkelovn small stove for light dishes
kaldet called, named, appointed
kammerjomfru lady’s maid
kammerpige lady’s maid
karetmager coach builder
karl youth, farmhand
kaste jord bury, throw earth
kategori category
katolsk Catholic
kendskab knowledge
kendt known
Kgl. abrev. for royal
kighoste whooping cough
kirke church
kirkebetjent sexton
kirkebog church book, parish register
kirkegaard cemetery, churchyard
kirkeværge church warden
kirkeaar church year
kirkegang church attendance
kiste chest, coffin
kjøn (køn) sex (gender)
kjønnet (kønnet) the sex
kleinsmed locksmith
klerk clergyman, clerk
klinket fad mended dish, sometimes mended with staples inserted in small drilled holes
klokker bell ringer
klokkernes brug use of church bells
ko cow
koffardiskib merchantman
kommis shop assistant, clerk
kone, hustru wife, a married woman
konen the wife,
konfirmation confirmation
konfirmerede confirmed
konge king
kongedømme kingdom
kongelig royal
kongsbonde king’s yeoman
kontorist clerk
kopper smallpox
kort map, short, card
krage til flæsk bacon rack, for smoking meat in the chimney
krampetrækning convulsion
krig war
kristen Christian (name)
Kristi, Kristus Christ
kromand innkeeper
kropsarbejder manual worker
kræft cancer
kræmmer shopkeeper
krøbling a cripple
kulgrosserer coal merchant
kun only
kunskab knowledge
kusine cousin (female)
kusk coachman, teamster
kvinde, qvinde woman
kvindefadder, qvindefadder godmother
kvindekjøn (køn) females, female gender
kvindemenneske woman
kvinden the woman
kvæg cattle
kvæghyrde herdsman
kvæle choke, strangle
kyllinger chickens (young)
kyst coast
købe to buy
køber buyer
købman, købmand merchant, storekeeper
købstad market place, incorporated city
køn sex (gender)

L

Danish English
lade, lod permit, let, allow to
land boelsmand tenant farmer
landet rural area
landmand farmer
landsarkiv state or provincial archive
landsby village
landsoldat soldier
langbænk bench, used at a dining table
lappeskomager cobbler
laugværge guardian
lavværge widow’s spokesman (guardian)
leje hire
lejer tenant
lensherre feudal overlord
leve, levede live, lived
lever is sustained
leverandør supplier, contractor
liden little, small
lidt af suffered from (cause of death)
lig corpse
ligeledes also, as well, likewise
ligesaa the same, likewise
ligprædiken sermon at funeral
lille small, little
liv life
livløs dead
lod fate, lot, destiny
logerende tenant
lokal local
lov law
lovlig legal, lawful
lovlydelig respect for the law
lovstridende illegal
lud fattig destitute
lungebetændelse pneumonia
lysestøbekar candle maker
lysning banns (marriage)
lægd military levying district
lægdsrulle military levying roll
læge doctor, deputy doctor
længe long
lærer teacher
lærling student, apprentice
læse read
løbenummer serial number
Lørdag Saturday

M

Danish English
m.v. = med videre with more
maaned month
madmoder woman of the house, housewife
maitresse mistress
Maj May
maler painter
malkepige dairymaid
mand man
Mandag Monday
manden the man
mandfadder godfather
mandkjøn (køn) males, male gender
mange many
marine naval, navy
marinesoldat seaman in military
mark field
Marts March
matrikel land registration
matros sailor
mavesyge stomach ailment, diarrhea
med with
med afdøde with deceased
med videre with more
medhjelper assistant
medhustru concubine, secondary wife
mejerist dairyman
mejerske dairymaid
men but
mere more, additional
menighed congregation
mester master (trade)
middag noon
midlertidig temporarily
midnat midnight
mig me
mil metric mile (10 kilometers)
militær military
min, mit mine, my, mine
minde consent, permission,
remind, rememberance
mindste smallest, youngest
minearbejder miner
minut minute
modtage receive
moder, mor mother
moderen the mother
morbroder uncle, mother’s brother
mord murder
morfader, morfar mother\'s father
morgen morning
mormoder, mormor mother\'s mother
mortis (Latin) of death
mose moor, bog
moster aunt, mother’s sister
murer mason
musiker musician
myndig of age (legal)
mælkekusk milkman
mænd men
mæslinger measles
maiden, virgin
møbelhandler furniture dealer
mødom virginity
mødte met
mølle mill
møllebygger millwright
møller miller
maaned month
maaske perhaps, maybe

N

Danish English
nabo neighbor
nat night
nati, nativitas (Latin) birth
natus (Latin) born
natvægter night watchman
navn name
navneklud embroidery
navnet named, the name
navnlig especially
nedbrændte burned down
nedslagte butcher
nej no
nemlig namely
nevø nephew
ni 9
ni og tyvende 29th
niece niece
niende 9th
nitten 19
nittende 19th
nogen, nogle some, any
nomine (Latin) by/with the name (of)
nord north
Norge Norway
Norsk Norwegian
November November
nu now
nulevende living
nummer number
nutid present
ny new
nyfder almisse, nyder almisse receives alms, welfare
nyfder ophold, nyder ophold living at the place
nylig lately
nytaar new year
nær near, close
næringsdrivende tradesman
næringsvej livelihood, trade
næste next, neighbor
nævning juror
naar when, if, reach

O

Danish English
o.s.v. etc.
oberst colonel
offentlig public
ofte often
og and
ogsaa also
Oktober October
oldefader great-grandfather
oldemoder great-grandmother
om if, about
omboende neighboring
omdannet ostekar re-used cheese vat
omegn neighborhood, neighboring place
omflakkende vagabond
omkomme be killed
omkring about, approximately
omstrejfer vagabond, tramp, vagrant
omtrent about, almost
onkel uncle
Onsdag Wednesday
op up
opfostringshus orphanage
opholde sig reside(s), stay
opholder live
opholdsted place of residence
opløsning dissolution of marriage or partnership
oppe above, upstairs
optegnelse record
opvaskepige scullery maid
ordentlig correct
os us
otte 8
otte og tyvende 28th
ottende 8th
ovenmeldte, ovennævnte above mentioned
overgartner head gardener
overrække present, give

P

Danish English
paa on, upon
parcellist holder of a small plot of land
pagina (Latin) page
parcel plot of land
pastorat parish
penge money
pension pension
person, personer person, persons
personerne the persons, the people
pige girl, maid, servant
pigebarn girl, young girl
pigen the girl
plejebarn foster child
plejebørn foster children
plejedatter foster daughter
plejefader foster father
plejeforældre foster parents
plejemoder foster mother
plejesøn foster son
plovmand ploughman, 500 kroner note
portner doorkeeper, porter
portvagt gatekeeper
positivspiller organ grinder
post, p. (Latin) after
postbud postman
pottemager potter
prammand bargeman
prins prince
prinsesse princess
proclamation proclamation
protokollere enter, record, register
provst rural dean
provsti deanery
provstinde deans wife
prygl flogging
prædike preach
præst, præsten priest, the priest, clergyman, minister
publicere publish
pude, puude, puder pillow(s)
pyramide, pyramidehylde pyramid-shaped shelf, used for displaying a household's finest items until abt 1920s-1930s
paa on, at
paa stedet at this place
paadømmelse judgement

Q

Danish English
qvinde, quinden woman. the woman
qvindekiøn females, female gender
qvindemenneske woman

R

Danish English
rebslager rope maker
rector headmaster
reder shipowner
rederi shipping company, nest
register index
registering og vurdering inventory and appraisal
regnskab account
rejse travel
rekvirent claimant
religion religion
renatus (Latin) baptized
resultat result
ret court
retslig legal
ridder knight
ringere mindre, smaller than
ritmester captain (milit., of horse)
rodemester tax collector
roekniv beet knife
rytter cavalryman
rød red
røgter herdsman
rømt deserted
røver robber, highwayman
raadmand councilman, alderman

S

Danish English
Sabbat Sabbath
sadelmager saddler
sagfører, advokat lawyer, attorney
salig deceased, blessed
samfund society
samme same, equal
sammen together
sammenavlede begotten
sammenviede married together
samme sted same place
samtlige all
samtykke consent
seddel slip of paper, note about
seks 6
seks og tyve 26
seks og tyvende 26th
seksten 16
sekstende 16th
selv self
selvejer owner, freeholder
selvmord suicide
selvtilhørig, selftilhørig self-owned
senere later
seng bed
sengeliggende bedridden
separeret separated
September September
session session
side page
siden since, long ago
sidste last
sig himself, herself, oneself, itself
sin, sit, sine his, hers, ones, its
sindssyg mentally ill
sjette 6th
skarlagensfeber scarlet fever
skat tax
skatteopkræver tax collector
skedte happened
skibsbygger ship builder
skibsfører ship master
skibskaptajn ship master, captain
skifte probate
skifteprotokoll probate record
skiftesamling meeting of heirs
skilsmisse divorce
skilt divorced
skoflikker cobbler
skole school
skoleholder school master, teacher
skolelærer school master, teacher
skomager shoemaker
skorstensfejer chimney sweep
skovarbejder woodman, lumberjack
skovfoged forester, forest ranger
skovridere head forester, forest ranger
skriver scribe
skrædder tailor
skæppemål bushel measure; abt 1/8 of a grain barrel, or about 17 liters
skøde deed (property)
slag stroke, blow
slagfredsdatter illegitimate daughter
slagfredssøn illegitimate son
slagter butcher
slavehandler slave dealer
slettet removed (released)
sliibe steen, slibesten grindstones
slot castle
slusemester lock keeper
slusepasser locksman
slutte finish
slutter jailer
slægt family, lineage, relatives
slægtninge relatives
slægtsbog family book
slægtsforskning genealogy
slægtsnavn family name
slå ihjel kill
smed smith
snart soon
snedker cabinetmaker
cutting bench, work bench
sogn, sogne parish
sognebarn parishioner
sognefoged constable, sheriff
sognet the parish
sognepræst parish priest, clergyman, minister
sognepræsten the parish priest
soldat soldier
soldaten the soldier
som who, whom, which, that,
som formynder for børnene as guardian for the children
som mødte who was present
som værge for de umyndige børn as guardian for the minor children
sort black
spillemand musician, fiddler
spiserkammer pantry
spædbarn infant, baby
stambøger muster rolls
stampekærne butter/cream churn
stamtavle descendancy chart
stand social position
sted place (location)
stedbarn stepchild
stedbørn stepchildren
steddatter, stedsøn, stedmoder, stedfader stepdaughter, stepson,
stepmother, stedfather
stednavn local place name
stedsøn stepson
stenhugger stonecutter
stifbarn stepchild
stift diocese
stilling status, position, occupation
stor big, great
strygejern iron, typically used on smaller items; early irons were made of brass, 18th/19th century irons were made of cast iron
studehandler horsetrader
stuehus farmhouse
stuepige housemaid
stum dumb (can’t speak)
sukkertang sugar cutter
sulekammer larder
summa (Latin) totals
svag weak
svaghed weakness
svend journeyman
svensk swedish
Sverige Sweden
svigerdatter daughter-in-law
svigerfader father-in-law
svigerfader father-in-law
svigerinde, svogerske sister-in-law, (see svogerske)
svigermoder mother-in-law
svigersøn son-in-law
svoger brother-in-law
svogerske sister-in-law, (see svigerinde)
svulst tumor
syd south
syersker seamstress
syg sick
sygdom disease
sypige seamstress
sytten 17
syttende 17th
syv 7
syv og tyvende 27th
syvende 7th
sea, lake
søfolk seamen, sailors
søge search
søkaptajn sea captain
sølv silver
sømand sailor
søn son
Søndag Sunday
sønder southern
sønnedatter son’s daughter
sønnekone son’s wife
sønnen the son
sønnerne the sons
sønnesøn son’s son
søskende siblings
søster sister
saa saw (see), if so, so, sow (seed)
saadan such
saaledes thus

T

Danish English
tal number, count
tandlæge dentist
tante aunt
tater gipsy
teglbrænder brick burner
teglmager brickmaker
teglværk brickyard
tehandler tea dealer
tengsel small ax for hollowing out wood
testamente last will
testes (Latin) witnesses
ti 10
tid time
tidlig, tidligt early
tidsskrift periodical
tiende 10th
tjenestefolk servants, employees
tigger, betler beggar
til to, until, for, of, into
til hindring hindrance, prevent,obstruction
til lysning publication of the banns
tilforn earlier, before
tilgang arrivals
tilgangsliste moving-in records
tilladelse permission
tilligemed together with
tillægsliste supplement list
tillægsrullen the supplement roll
tilstede present
tilvidere following
time hour
ting court
tingsret the law of property
Tirsdag Tuesday
titel title
tjene, tiene serve, work
tjenende serving, serves
(followed by employers name)
tjener, tiener serve, work
tjeneste service
tjenestedreng servant (male)
tjenestefolk servants, employees
tjenestekarl farm hand (male)
tjenestepige maid, servant (female)
to 2
to og tyve 22
to og tyvende 22nd
tobaksarbejder tobacco worker
tolv 12
tolvte 12th
Torsdag Thursday
tre 3
tre og tyve 23
tre og tyvende 23rd
tredivte 30th
tredje 3rd
treenigheden the Trinity
tres 60
tresindstyvende 60th
tretten 13
trettende 13th
trolove betrothal
trolovet engaged to be married
trossamfund religion
træskærer wood carver
tuberkulose consumption, tuberculosis
tugthus prison
tusind 1000
tusinde 1000th
tvilling twin
tyende servant
tyfus typhoid fever
tyr bull
Tysk German
Tyskland Germany
tyve 20
tyvende 20th
tæring tuberculosis
tømmermand carpenter
tømrer carpenter

U

Danish English
ud out
uddrag extract
uden without
uden jord without land
udenfor outside of
udflytning moving out
udføre carry out, perform
udi from (or) in
udlagt said to be, claimed
udlandet foreign country (ies)
udmærke/udmærket to excel/excellent
udslettet removed
udvandre emigrate
udvandring emigration
udøbt not baptized
uge week
uger weeks
ugift, ugivt single, unmarried
ukendt unknown
umyndige minor (not of age)
under under, below
underskrevne signer
underskrift signature
undertegnet the undersigned
undtagen except
ung young
ungfolk young people
ungkarl = ungk. bachelor
urmager clock or watch maker
urtekræmmer grocer
uægte illigitimate

V, W

Danish English
vaccineret vaccinated
vagabond vagabond
valkebræt fulling board; used to full newly-knitted cloth, making it stronger
vanfør crippled, disabled
var, blive, være, er was, be, to be, is
varmemester boilerman
vaskebræt washboard
vaskekone washerwoman, laundress
vattersot dropsy
ved at, by, on
ved døden er afgået who died
vedkommende person concerned
vegne in behalf of
vej road
vejmand roadmender
velborn noble, wellborn
venstre left
vest west
vidner witnesses
viet, vielse wedding ceremony
vindmølle windmill
vinhandler wine merchant
værd worth
vogn carriage, wagon
vognmand teamster
vor our
Vor Herre the Lord
vurderingsmænd appraisers
vægter night watchman
vægskab wall cabinet; lock placed near the end where the man would sit at the table, contained important items such as tobacco, money, papers, etc.
værdig worthy
være be
været been
værge guardian
værthusholder innkeeper
væver weaver

X,Y,Z

Danish English
yndling favorite child, pet
yngre younger
yngste youngest

Æ

Danish English
ædel noble
ægte, egte legitimate, born in wedlock
ægtefolk married couple
ægtefælle spouse
ægteskab marriage
ægteskabelig marital, conjugal
ægteviede legally married
ældst oldest
ældre older than, advanced in life
ældste (religion) elder (religious title)
ærlig honest

Ø

Danish English
øde desolate, waste
ødemark wasteland, wilderness
øje eye
ølanker beer barrel
øldunk beer jug
ønske wish, desire, want
øst east
øvre upper

Å

Danish English
å see aa