Czech Republic Civil Registration
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Civil Registration [Civilní matriky]
Civil Registration refers to records of births, marriages, and deaths maintained by civil authorities. These records are a prime source for information about the vital events in an individual's life. The information in them can be used to compile pedigrees and family groups. They identify children, spouses, parents, as well as dates and places of vital events. They establish individual identity and are excellent sources for linking generations.
- During the time of Austrian rule there were a few civil registers started in 1870 to record those of dissident faiths or to record the baptisms of children of mixed marriages but these are still categorized as church registers.
- Another law in 1885 allowed for the recording of mixed marriages and children of mixed marriages to be recorded in quasi civil registers by local civil officials.
- In 1921 registration by civil authorities was enacted into law throughout the new Czechoslovak Republic.
- Births – name of child, date of entry, place and date of birth; names, ages and residence of parents; until 1948, also the religion of parents, names of witnesses.
- Marriages – date and place of marriage; names, occupations, dates and places of birth and residences of groom and bride; names and residences of parents and witnesses; until 1948, also the religion.
- Deaths – name, occupation, residence and age of the deceased; dates of death and entry; names of surviving spouse and parents; place and cause of death; until 1948, also the religion.
Accessing the Records
- Location: Municipal and subdistrict vital records offices [matriční úřady].
- Accessibility: Some information can be obtained by correspondence or by visiting the vital records offices in person.
- Online Records: Czech Republic Civil Registers, 1874-1937, images only at FamilySearch Historical Records.
- Use the Czech Republic Letter Writing Guide for help with writing for records.
- The Family History Department of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, “Family History Record Profile: Czech Republic,” Word document, private files of the FamilySearch Content Strategy Team, 1999.