Czech Republic, Southern Bohemia, Trebon Archive Church Books (FamilySearch Historical Records)

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Czech Republic, Southern Bohemia, Třeboň Archive Church Books, 1650-1900
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This article describes a collection of records at FamilySearch.org.
South Bohemia, Czech Republic
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Location of South Bohemia, Czech Republic
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Record Description
Record Type: Church Books
Collection years: 1650-1900
Languages: German, Czech
Title in the Language: Tschechische Republik, Sud Böhmen, Wittingau Archiv Kirchenbücher (German)

Česká republika, Jižní Čechy, Třeboň, církevní knihy (Czech)

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What is in This Collection?

This collection will include records from 1650 to 1900. Additional images may be added periodically to this collection to give the viewer more of a selection.

Entries are usually arranged in chronological order and, after 1784, in a columnar format. During certain times, one book was used to list all the baptisms, marriages, and burials for all the villages in a parish for one year. At other times each village has its own section of baptisms, marriages, and burials, which were listed chronologically. Some records are on preprinted forms, and most include indexes.

Czech church records are usually in one of three languages: Czech, German, or Latin. Often, one parish consists of books written in all three. Records from one state regional archive (statní oblastní archive) may favor one or more languages. For example, records from Litoměřice are usually written in German or Latin. Records from Plzeň or Třeboň are usually written in Czech, German, and Latin equally.

For a list of records by religion currently published in this collection, select the Browse link from the collection.

The edict of the Council of Trent in 1563, which mandated the creation of church books, applied to Czech congregations. Austrian Emperor Joseph II issued the Edict of Toleration on October 13, 1781, which allowed Protestants, Jews, and others to keep their own church records under the supervision of the Catholic Church. Though the Protestants were allowed to keep registers starting in 1771, they were copied into Catholic registers. In 1781, Protestants continued to keep registers under Catholic supervision.

Starting February 10, 1784, Joseph II required that all church birth entries include the full names of both parents and all grandparents, along with their towns of origin and their military conscription numbers or unique address, such as Plichtice č. 5 (č is an abbreviation for čislo, or "number"). The emperor also required that records be kept in Latin or German, though Czech was often used. Column headings, which had started around 1784 (sometimes earlier), were also made compulsory.

In 1790, the Austrian government (under which Czech records were kept) created a law requiring indexes to be kept. In 1802, another law was passed requiring all older matriky (church books) to be indexed. Only rarely are volumes not indexed.

Starting in 1869, the civil authorities took charge of the record-keeping of births, marriages, and deaths. However, individual churches continued to actually record these events. The official legal copy was kept by local officials when many of the clergy refused to perform Catholic rites for non-Catholics. Everyone was registered under this new system, not just those appearing in Catholic or Protestant registers

Church books were first created to identify those who had received church sacraments. After 1869, they were also used as an official record of vital events by civil authorities.

The earliest Czech book was created in 1441 (a book of christenings from Horní Jiřetín). Books have been kept to the present, but because of privacy laws, they are available for research only through 1905.

Reading These Records

These records are written in Czech, German and Latin. For help reading the records see the following:

To Browse This Collection

You can browse through images in this collection by visiting the browse page for Czech Republic, Southern Bohemia, Trebon Archive Church Books, 1650-1900.

What Can These Records Tell Me?

The information in these records usually include the following:

Baptism

  • Names of the child, parents, and witnesses or godparents (often
included grandparents, great-grandparents, and more rarely,
great-great-grandparents)
  • Date and place of birth and baptism (sometimes includes the
time of birth and baptism)
  • Residence and religion of the parents and other direct-line ancestors
  • Occupation of the father and other males listed
  • Whether the child was legitimate or illegitimate

Marriage

  • Names of the bride, groom, their parents, and witnesses (often
included grandparents, great-grandparents, and more rarely,
great-great-grandparents)
  • Date and place of marriage (sometimes includes the time
of marriage)
  • Ages of bride and groom
  • Residences of the bride, groom, and their ancestors
  • Religion of the bride and groom
  • Occupation of the groom and other males listed

Burial

  • Names of the deceased and spouse or parents (often included
grandparents, great-grandparents, and more rarely,
great-great-grandparents)
  • Date and place of death and burial (sometimes time of death
and burial)
  • Age and residence of deceased
  • Residences of other ancestors listed
  • Cause of death

Collection Content

Sample Images

How Do I Search This Collection?

View the Images

View images in this collection by visiting the Browse Page

  1. Select Religion
  2. Select Place: Subordinate Places
  3. Select Event and Volume Year Range to view the images

How Do I Analyze the Results?

Compare each result from your search with what you know to determine if there is a match. This may require viewing multiple records or images. Keep track of your research in a research log.

What Do I Do Next?

I Found the Person I Was Looking For, What Now?

  • Copy down all the information from the record. Save or print a copy of the image if possible
  • Cite the record. See below for help citing records in this collection
  • Use the marriage date and place as the basis for compiling a new family group or for verifying existing information
  • Use the birth date or age along with the place of birth of each spouse to find a couple's birth records and parents' names
  • Use the birth date or age along with the place of birth to find the family in census records
  • Use the residence and names of the parents to locate church and land records
  • Compile the marriage entries for every person who has the same surname as the bride or groom; this is especially helpful in rural areas or if the surname is unusual
  • Continue to search the marriage records to identify children, siblings, parents, and other relatives of the bride and groom who may have married in the same county or nearby. This can help you identify other generations of your family or even the second marriage of a parent. Repeat this process for each new generation you identify
  • When looking for a person who had a common name, look at all the entries for the name before deciding which is correct

I Can't Find the Person I'm Looking For, What Now?

  • Consult the Czech Republic Record Finder to find other records
  • Occupations listed can lead you to other types of records such as employment or military records
  • When looking for an individual with a common name, look at all the search results before deciding which is the correct person. Use other information, such as place of birth, age, occupation, or names of parents, to help with this decision
  • Try variations of given names and surnames. A person might have been listed under a middle name, nickname, or abbreviation of their given name
  • Vary the search terms. For example, expand the date range or search by either the given name or surname to return a broader list search results
  • Search the records of nearby locations

Record Finder

Consult the Czech Republic Record Finder Table to find other records

Known Issues With This Collection

Important.png Problems with this collection?
See a list of known issues, workarounds, tips, restrictions, future fixes, news and other helpful information.

For a full list of all known issues associated with this collection see the attached article. If you encounter additional problems, please email them to support@familysearch.org. Please include the full path to the link and a description of the problem in your e-mail. Your assistance will help ensure that future reworks will be considered.

Citing This Collection

Citations help you keep track of places you have searched and sources you have found. Identifying your sources helps others find the records you used.

Collection Citation
"Czech Republic, Southern Bohemia, Třeboň Archive Church Books, 1650-1900." Images. FamilySearch. http://FamilySearch.org : 14 June 2016. Státní oblastní archiv, Třeboni (Treboni State Regional Archives, Trebon).
Image Citation:
When looking at an image, the citation is found on the Information tab at the bottom left of the screen.

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