Custer County, Nebraska Genealogy

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United States
Custer County

Guide to Custer County, Nebraska ancestry, genealogy and family history, birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.

County Facts
County seat: Broken Bow
Organized: February 17, 1877
Parent County(s): unorganized territory[1]
Neighboring Counties
Blaine  • Buffalo  • Dawson  • Garfield  • Lincoln  • Logan  • Loup  • Sherman  • Valley
See County Maps
Location Map
200px-Map of Nebraska highlighting Custer County svg.bmp

County Information


The County was named for George Armstrong Custer. The County has Broken Bow as its seat and the County was created February 17, 1877. The County is located in the central area of the state.[2]

County Courthouse

Custer County Courthouse
431 S. 10th Ave.
Broken Bow, Nebraska 68822-22099
Phone: 308.872.5701
Custer County Website

County Clerk has birth records from 1910, death records from 1915, obituaries from 1877 and pioneer biographical data.
County Judge has marriage records from 1878, probate and court records from 1887.
Clerk District Court has divorce records from 1881.
Register of Deeds has records from 1880. [1]

Custer County, Nebraska Record Dates

Information for this chart was taken from various sources, often containing conflicting dates. This information should be taken as a guide and should be verified by contacting the county and/or the state government agency.

Known Beginning Dates for Major Records[3]
Birth* Marriage Death* Court Land Probate Census
1910 1878 1915 1887 1880 1887 1854
Statewide registration for births and deaths started in late 1904. General compliance by 1920.

Record Loss

There is no known history of courthouse disasters in this county.

Boundary Changes

Populated Places

The following are locations in Custer County, Nebraska:[4]



Unincorporated communities

Census-designated place


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History Timeline


Bible Records


Business, Commerce, and Occupations


Cemeteries of Custer County, Nebraska online and in print
Tombstone Transcriptions Online
Tombstone Transcriptions in Print (Often more complete)
List of Cemeteries in the County
See Nebraska Cemeteries for more information


Census Records

Historical populations
Census Pop.  %±
1880 2,211
1890 21,677 880.4%
1900 19,758 −8.9%
1910 25,668 29.9%
1920 26,407 2.9%
1930 26,189 −0.8%
1940 22,591 −13.7%
1950 19,170 −15.1%
1960 16,517 −13.8%
1970 14,092 −14.7%
1980 13,877 −1.5%
1990 12,270 −11.6%
2000 11,793 −3.9%
2010 10,939 −7.2%
Source: "".

Federal Censuses were taken for Nebraska starting in 1860. For links to Federal census indexes, see Nebraska Census.

For tips on accessing Custer County, Nebraska Genealogy census records online, see: Nebraska Census.

State Census Records

Church Records

Church records vary significantly depending on the denomination and the record keeper. They may contain information about members of the congregation, such as age, date of baptism, christening, or birth; marriage information and maiden names; and death date. For general information about Nebraska denominations, view the Nebraska Church Records wiki page.

Court Records


Emigration and Immigration

Ethnic, Political, and Religious Groups

Funeral Homes



Land and Property Records

Land and property records can place an ancestor in a particular location, provide economic information, and reveal family relationships. Land records include: deeds, abstracts and indexes, mortgages, leases, grants and land patents.

See Nebraska Land and Property for additional information about early Nebraska land grants. After land was transferred to private ownership, subsequent transactions were usually recorded at the county courthouse, where records are currently housed.

For more information see Nebraska Land and Property

Local Histories

Local histories are available for Custer County, Nebraska Genealogy. County histories may include biographies, church, school and government history, and military information. For more information about local histories, see the wiki page section Nebraska Local Histories.

Maps and Gazetteers

Thomas CountyBlaine CountyTo request editing rights on the Wiki, click here. Loup CountyGarfield CountyLogan CountyValley CountyLincoln CountyDawson CountySherman CountyBuffalo CountyNE CUSTER.PNG
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for more resources


Military Records

Revolutionary War

Civil War

World War I

Naturalization and Citizenship


For information on Nebraska newspapers, see Nebraska Newspapers.

Nebraska Newspapers Online

Nebraska Newspaper Catalogs


Other Records


Probate Records

In most counties in Nebraska, probate records have been kept by the county judge. They include wills, fee books, claim registers, legacy records, inheritance records, probate ticklers, and dockets. The records are available at the county courthouse.

The FamilySearch Catalog lists films of probate records. To find the records for this county, use the Place Search for Nebraska - Custer - Probate records.

Online Probate Records

School Records

Tax Records

Nebraska tax records complement land records and can be used in place of censuses before 1820 or to supplement the years between censuses. There may be gaps of several years in the records.

Vital Records

Vital Records consist of births, adoptions, marriages, divorces, and deaths recorded on registers, certificates, and documents. A copy or an extract of most original records can be purchased from the Nebraska Department of Health and Human Services or the County Clerk's office of the county where the event occurred.





Research Facilities


  • Custer County Judge
    431 S 10th Ave
    Broken Bow, NE 68822, USA
    Phone: 308-872-2121

Family History Centers

Family History Centers provide one-on-one assistance and free access to premium genealogical websites. In addition, many centers have free how-to genealogy classes.





  • NEGebWeb
  • USGenWeb
  • FamilySearch Catalog - The FamilySearch catalog contains descriptions and access information for all genealogical materials (including books, online materials, microfilm, microfiche, and publications) in their collection.  Use Historical Records to search for specific individuals in genealogical records

Research Guides


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Nebraska. At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  2. Wikipedia contributors, "Custer, Nebraska," in,_Nebraska"
  3. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Custer County, Nebraska. Page 428-435 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002; Alice Eichholz, ed. Ancestry’s Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources, Third ed. (Provo, Utah: Ancestry, 2004), 417-420.
  4. Wikipedia contributors, "Custer County, Nebraska," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia,,_Nebraska, accessed 29 July 2016.