Cumberland County, New Jersey Genealogy

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Cumberland County, New Jersey ancestry, family history, and genealogy research page. Guide to genealogy, history, and courthouse sources including birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, wills, deeds and land records, Civil War records, Revolutionary War records, family histories, cemeteries, churches, tax records, newspapers, and obituaries.

Cumberland County, New Jersey
Map of New Jersey highlighting Cumberland County
Location in the state of New Jersey
Map of the U.S. highlighting New Jersey
Location of New Jersey in the U.S.
Founded  , 1748
County Seat Bridgeton
Cumberland County Courthouse NJ.jpg
Address Cumberland County Courthouse
60 W Broad Street
Bridgeton, NJ 08302
Phone: (856) 451-8000
Cumberland County Website

County Information[edit | edit source]

Description[edit | edit source]

Cumberland County is located in the Southwest region of the state. It was created in 1748. Bridgeton is the county seat. The county was named for Prince William, Duke of Cumberland.[1]

Cumberland County, New Jersey Record Dates[edit | edit source]

Known Beginning Dates for Major County Records[2]
Birth* Marriage Death* Court Land Probate Census
1848 1777 1848 1840 1766 1747 1830
*Statewide registration for births and deaths started in May of 1848. General compliance by 1920.

Cumberland County, New Jersey Historical Facts[edit | edit source]

Parent County[edit | edit source]

  • 1748, formed from Salem County
  • 1763, boundary clarified with Salem County
  • 1822, Cape May County boundary clarified and water boundary defined
  • 1844, part of Maurice River twp. to Cape May County's Upper twp. and returned in 1845
  • 1846, water boundary further clarified
  • 1867, Pittsgrove twp. from Salem County and returned in 1868
  • 1878, part of Maurice twp. to Cape May County's Upper twp.
  • 1891, part of Maurice River twp. to Cape May County's Dennis twp.
  • 1892, part of Landis twp. to Gloucester County's Franklin twp. and returned in 1897.

Boundary Changes[edit | edit source]

For animated maps illustrating New Jersey county boundary changes, visit "Rotating Formation New Jersey County Boundary Maps" (1683-1928) may be viewed for free at the website.

Record Loss[edit | edit source]

There is no known history of courthouse disasters in this county.

Resources[edit | edit source]

Bible[edit | edit source]

Cemeteries[edit | edit source]

Tombstone Transcriptions Online Tombstone Transcriptions in Print List of Cemeteries in the county Family History Library
NJGenWeb Archives WorldCat Billion Graves
NJTombstone Project FamilySearch Places
Billion Graves
See New Jersey Cemeteries for more information.

Census[edit | edit source]

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1790 8,248
1800 9,529 15.5%
1810 12,670 33.0%
1820 12,668 −0.0%
1830 14,093 11.2%
1840 14,374 2.0%
1850 17,189 19.6%
1860 22,605 31.5%
1870 34,665 53.4%
1880 37,687 8.7%
1890 45,438 20.6%
1900 51,193 12.7%
1910 55,153 7.7%
1920 61,348 11.2%
1930 69,895 13.9%
1940 73,184 4.7%
1950 88,597 21.1%
1960 106,850 20.6%
1970 121,374 13.6%
1980 132,866 9.5%
1990 138,053 3.9%
2000 146,438 6.1%
2010 156,898 7.1%
Source: "".

Church Records[edit | edit source]

Church records and the information they provide vary significantly depending on the denomination and the record keeper. They may contain information about members of the congregation, such as age, date of baptism, christening, or birth; marriage information and maiden names; and death date. For general information about denominations, view the New Jersey Church Records wiki page.

List of Churches and Church Parishes

Court Records[edit | edit source]

Emigration and Immigration[edit | edit source]

Ethnic, Political, or Religious Groups[edit | edit source]

Gazetteers[edit | edit source]

Genealogy[edit | edit source]

History[edit | edit source]

Local histories are available for New Jersey counties. County histories may include biographies, church, school and government history, and military information. For more information about local histories see the wiki page section New Jersey Local Histories.

Land and Property[edit | edit source]

Land and property records can place an ancestor in a particular location, provide economic information, and reveal family relationships. Land records include: deeds, abstracts and indexes, mortgages, leases, grants and land patents.

See New Jersey Land and Property for information about New Jersey Proprietary land records. After land was transferred to private ownership, subsequent transactions were usually recorded at the county courthouse and where records are currently housed.

Maps[edit | edit source]

Gloucester CountyAtlantic CountyCape May CountySalem CountyNJ CUMBERLAND.PNG
Click a neighboring county
for more resources

Migration[edit | edit source]

Military[edit | edit source]

Naturalization and Citizenship[edit | edit source]

Newspapers[edit | edit source]

Per the Library of Congress, Cumberland Co. has had at least 67 newspapers, and this list does not include papers which covered areas now in Cumberland Co., but formerly in other counties (such as Salem Co.). The LOC has a great deal of these papers prior to 1923, in varying degrees of completeness.

List of Cumberland Co. Newspapers at the Library of Congress

GenealogyBank, a paid subscription service, has:

  • The West Jersey Pioneer (later renamed to The Bridgeton Pioneer), through 1922, fully searchable.
  • The Bridgeton Evening News, through 1922, fully searchable., a paid subscription service, has:

  • The Millville Daily (known before 1961 as The Millville Daily Republican) from 1923 through its final publishing date of 1988, fully searchable. The newspaper dates back to the Civil War, but all archives before 1923 have been lost.
  • The Vineland Daily Journal (originally The Evening Journal and The Vineland Times, which combined to form The Vineland Times-Journal, later to become The Vineland Daily Journal), fully searchable.

Both GenealogyBank and have papers from the surrounding areas which frequently covered events in Cumberland Co.; notably, the Camden and Philadelphia newspapers, and occasionally Wilmington, DE.

The Atlantic City Press, a paid subscription service, which has frequently covered (and continues to cover) Cumberland Co. events, has archives of:

  • Press of Atlantic City (1895-current)
  • Atlantic City Weekly (2004-current)
  • Sunday Gazette (1911-1971)
  • Atlantic City Gazette-Review (1906-1925)

The South Jersey Times, a paid subscription, is a newspaper currently covering Southern New Jersey. It acquired and subsumed a number of newspapers, including The Bridgeton Evening News (later named The Cumberland News).

Additional newspapers abstracts can sometimes be found using search phrases such as Cumberland County, New Jersey Genealogy newspapers in online catalogs like:

Populated places[edit | edit source]

For a complete list of populated places, including small neighborhoods and suburbs, visit HomeTown Locator. The following are the most historically and genealogically relevant populated places in this county:[3]

Unincorporated communities
Census-designated places

Obtaining Copies of County Probate Records[edit | edit source]

Probate records created after 1852 are held by the Cumberland County, New Jersey Genealogy Probate Court. From 1797 or the creation of the county, probate records were held by the Court of Common Pleas. Most counties transferred all records to the Probate Court, but in some circumstances, Court of Common Pleas records should be searched for records prior to 1852. Most records are housed at the Cumberland County, New Jersey Genealogy Courthouse. Some records are on microfilm at the Ohio Genealogical Society and the Family History Library. For more complete information about the location of county probate records see:

See the wiki page New Jersey Probate Records for information about how to use probate records.

Content: Probate Records may give the decedent's date of death, names of his or her spouse, children, parents, siblings, in-laws, neighbors, associates, relatives, and their place of residence.

Record types: Wills, estates, guardianships, naturalizations, marriage, adoption, and birth and death records (1867-1908 only).

Copies of recorded probate records and the estate files can be obtained from the surrogate's offices for a fee. Addresses of surrogate's offices are found in:

  • Eichholz, Alice, Editor. Ancestry's Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources. Revised Edition. Salt Lake City, Utah: Ancestry, 1992. (Family History Library book 973 D27rb 1992.) Explains state-by-state history, vital records, census, background sources, periodicals, archives, libraries, societies, maps, land, probate, court, tax, cemetery, church, and military records. Includes county boundary map and table which shows when each county was created and the parent counties.

In addition, copies of the original wills, administrations, inventories, and guardianships sent to Trenton since 1901 can be ordered from:

Clerk of the Superior Court
Records Information Center
P.O. Box 967
Trenton, NJ 08625-0967
Phone: (609) 292-4978
Fax: (609) 777-0094

Online Probate Indexes and Records

Courthouse[edit | edit source]

The County Clerk has land records from 1800’s and immigration records 1840-1989. County Surrogate has probate records. Dissolution Office has divorce records. [4]

Family History Centers[edit | edit source]

Family History Center and Affiliate Library Locator map - search for local Family History Centers or Affiliate Libraries

  • Family History Centers provide one-on-one assistance, free access to center-only databases, and to premium genealogical websites.
  • FamilySearch Affiliate Libraries have access to most center-only databases, but may not always have full services normally provided by a family history center.

Local Centers and Affiliate Libraries

Libraries[edit | edit source]

The Warren and Reba Lummis Genealogical & Historical Research Library
981 Ye Greate Street
Greenwich, NJ 08323
Telephone: 856-455-8580

The Bridgeton Free Public Library
150 East Commerce Street
Bridgeton, NJ 08302
Telephone: 856-451-2620

The Millville Public Library
210 Buck Street
Millville, NJ 08332
Telephone: 856-825-7087

The Vineland Public Library
1058 East Landis Avenue
Vineland, NJ 08360
Telephone: 856-794-4244

Museums[edit | edit source]

The Alan Ewing Carman Museum of Prehistory in Cumberland County
1461 Bridgeton Road
Greenwich, NJ 08323
Telephone: 856-455-8141

The Gibbon House
Greenwich, NJ 08323
Telephone: 856-455-8580

Societies[edit | edit source]

Cumberland County Historical Society
960 Ye Greate Street
P.O. Box 16
Greenwich, NJ 08323
Telephone: 856-455-4055

Lawrence Township Historical Society
177 North Main Street
Cedarville, NJ 08311
Telephone: 609-381-0992

Mauricetown Historical Society
1229 Front Street
P.O. Box 1
Mauricetown, New Jersey 08329
Telephone: 856-785-0457

Maurice River Township Heritage Society
P.O. Box 195
Leesburg, NJ 08327
Telephone: 856-421-3539

Millville Historical Society
200 East Main Street
Millville, NJ 08332
Telephone: 856-293-1078

Vineland Historical and Antiquarian Society
108 South Seventh Street
Post Office Box 35
Vineland, NJ 08362
Telephone: 856-691-1111

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Schools[edit | edit source]

Taxation[edit | edit source]

New Jersey tax records complement land records and can be used in place of censuses before 1820 or to supplement the years between censuses. Because only persons who owned taxable property were listed, many residents were not included in tax lists. There may also be gaps of several years in the tax records of some counties. For more information see the wiki page New Jersey Taxation.

Vital Records[edit | edit source]

Vital Records consist of births, adoptions, marriages, divorces, and deaths recorded on registers, certificates, and documents. United States Vital Records has additional research guidance on researching and using vital records. A copy or an extract of most original records can be purchased from the New Jersey Vital Records State Department of Health or the County Clerk's office of the county where the event occurred. Original marriage records are usually held at the county Bureau of Vital Statistics.

Birth[edit | edit source]
Marriage[edit | edit source]

Online Marriage Indexes and Records

1606-1981 - New Jersey, United States Marriages at FindMyPast — index $

Death[edit | edit source]

Cumberland County, New Jersey Websites[edit | edit source]

Cumberland County, New Jersey Neighboring Counties[edit | edit source]

Local histories are available for New Jersey counties. County histories may include biographies, church, school and government history, and military information. For more information about local histories see the wiki page section New Jersey Local Histories.

Cumberland County, New Jersey Genealogy References[edit | edit source]

  1. Wikipedia contributors, "Cumberland County, New Jersey" in Wikipedia : the Free Encyclopedia,,_New_Jersey accessed 23 September 2018.
  2. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Cumberland County, New Jersey . Page 464-465 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002; Alice Eichholz, ed. Ancestry’s Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources, Third ed. (Provo, Utah: Ancestry, 2004), 460.
  3. Wikipedia contributors, "Cumberland County, New Jersey," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia,, New Jersey#Communities accessed 8 March 2020.
  4. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Cumberland County, New Jersey page 464, At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.