Guide to Cowlitz Indians ancestry, family history and genealogy: birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, and other agency records.
The Cowlitz Tribe is primarily associated with the state of Washington.
Cultural / linguistic group: Salish
Cowlitz Indian Tribe
1055 9th Ave Suite B
Longview WA 98632
- Official Cowlitz Tribal web site
1812: Fur traders encountered the tribe
1818: The North West Company (fur) alied with the Iroquois and raided the Cowlitz villages
1820s and 1830s The Hudson Bay Company established forts (Cowlitz Farm and Colitz Prairie)
1830-1850: Epidemics of measles, cholera, smallpox depopulated the tribe
1855: Chehalis River Treaty Council - they would not sign the Treaty
1855-1856: The Cowlitz participated in the Yamima War
1863: U.S. government place their land for sale
1872: Chehalis Reservation established
1887: Mingled with the Upper Chehalis, on Puyallup Reservation
Frederick Webb Hodge, in his Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico, gave a more complete history of the Cowlitz tribe, with estimations of the population of the tribe at various time periods. Additional details are given in John Swanton's The Indian Tribes of North America.
The majority of records of individuals were those created by the agencies. Some records may be available to tribal members through the tribal headquarters.They were (and are) the local office of the Bureau of Indian Affairs, and were charged with maintaining records of the activities of those under their responsibility. Among these records are:
- Allotment records
- Annuity rolls
- Census records
- Health records
- School census and records
- Vital records
For Further Reading
For background information to help find American Indian ancestors see For Further Reading.
- Indian Entities Recognized and Eligible To Receive Services From the United States Bureau of Indian Affairs, Federal Register, Vol. 67, No. 134, 12 July 2002 Available online